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Doctor insights on: Cryptorchidism Repair

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What is the definition or description of: cryptorchidism?

What is the definition or description of: cryptorchidism?

Hidden testis: The testis develops in the abdomen during fetal life and descends all the way to the scrotum on both sides. Given this long journey, it is not surprising that 3% don't make it at birth. When the testis on one side or the other is non palpable, it is said to be cryptorchid. There is a 5% chance that it did not develop normally or that is atrophied from a loss of blood supply in utero (i.e. Torsion). ...Read more

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Dr. Tanya Russo
41 doctors shared insights

Cryptorchidism (Definition)

The testis develops in the abdomen during fetal life and descends all the way to the scrotum on both sides. Given this long journey, it is not surprising that 3% don't make it at birth. When the testis on one side or the other is non palpable, it is said to be cryptorchid. There is a 5% chance that it did not develop normally or that is atrophied from a loss of blood supply ...Read more


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Is cryptorchidism curable?

Yes: If testes is found to be healthy and viable, it can be brought down into its normal position via surgery. ...Read more

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Can you have hypospadias and cryptorchidism together?

Can you have hypospadias and cryptorchidism together?

Yes: When a baby is born with both hypospadias and one or two undescended testicles, there may be a chromosomal or hormone defect. With a severe hypospadias and two undescended testicles that cannot be palpated, the baby may be a girl with a severe hormone anomaly called congenital adrenal hyperplasia. At birth, these children must be evaluated by a urologist. ...Read more

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Is it uncommon to have hypospadias and cryptorchidism together?

Common: Both disorders are quite common. When they occur together, there may be an association with a disorder of sexual differentiation. Seek the opinion of a pediatric urologist. ...Read more

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Assocaition between cryptorchidism and fertility?

High: If cryptorchidism (undescended testis) is not corrected before puberty then low sperm counts are common. The surgery is called orchiopexy and is performed by urologists. ...Read more

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What doctor should I see if cryptorchidism?

Pediatric urologist: A pediatric urologist is the most specifically trained person to address this issue. However, pediatric surgeons are also trained in testicular maldescent and perform these repairs (orchiopexies) often. Some general urologists concentrate a portion of their practice in pediatrics and are fully capable of addressing this issue as well. ...Read more

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What is cryptorchidism?

Undescended: Undescended testicle. Means one or both testicles have not moved out of the abdomen or groin into its proper position in the scrotum. Often surgically corrected by a urologist specialist. ...Read more

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What are the primary concerns for a male child with cryptorchidism?

What are the primary concerns for a male child with cryptorchidism?

The following: 1) Cryptorchid testis will have impaired or absent sperm production. Testis requires slightly reduced environmental temperature of scrotum 4 sperm production. 2) Slight increase risk of testicular cancer, so testis should be brought down so can be diagnosed early & cured. 3) Psychological. Most self respecting males want 2 testes down. 4) Slightly greater risk of testis torsion or trauma. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for cryptorchidism?

What is the treatment for cryptorchidism?

Orchidopexy surgery: Cryptochidism signifies a hidden or non-palpable testis, although many erroneously use the term for any undescended testis. Ultrasound should first be performed if testis is non-palpable. Then laparoscopy if us is negative. Orchidopexy surgery, either laparoscopically, or by open trans-abdominal or inguinal surgery. ...Read more

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What is an undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) cause?

What is an undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) cause?

Exact causes unknown: There appear to be many factors:- can be genetic ( e.g. Father may have had same), hormonal ( mother taking estrogens, birth control pill or child conceived by ivf, meat sources fed estrogens), prematurity (small premature babies have higher incidence), environmental factors can affect hormones as can nerve activity from the ileo-inguinal nerve. ...Read more

Dr. Craig Smith
61 doctors shared insights

Undescended Testicle (Definition)

Undescended testicle denotes a testis that does not stay inside the sac or at least below pubic tubercle at relaxation with its best moment at sleep, which are usually congenital (in-born), but may occasionally result from surgery after inguinal or intrascrotal procedures, and not infrequently it may be confused with retractile ...Read more