Top 20 Doctor insights on: Cortical dysplasia and autism

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Dr. Johanna Fricke
532 Doctors shared insights

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Definition)

ASD are a spectrum of disorders of varying degrees that are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify around 1 in 68 American children as ...Read more


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Can you survive cortical dysplasia?

Yes: Cortical dysplasia refers to a congenital (present at birth) abnormality in the brain’s development. As the brain naturally develops in utero, neurons migrate outward to the cerebral cortex. Should these neurons fail to spread out and position correctly, the signals will misfire – triggering a seizure. Anti-seizure meds can be used to help patients. How this affects a patient is quite variable. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Cortical dysplasia?

What is the definition or description of: Cortical dysplasia?

Poor development: Cortical dysplasia refers to poor development of the tissues of the cerebral cortex. Often seen as underdeveloped and dysorganized tissue on CT or MRI scans. ...Read more

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Does any one know about learning problems caused by cortical dysplasia on the left?

Language: Cortical dysplasia on the left can lead to language problems - receptive, but more likely expressive lr comprehension. These would be of the central language processing type. If the temporal lobe is also affected, then the problem will be more severe. ...Read more

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Can extensive cortical dysplasia cause brain swelling?

Can extensive cortical dysplasia cause brain swelling?

Cortical dysplasia: Cortical dysplasia refers to a malformation of brain, in which the nerve cells have not migrated to their normal location. It does not cause brain swelling unless during fetal life it is caused by infection during the time of neurons migrating to their normal location. ...Read more

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Do all people with cortical dysplasia have seizures and other problems I never had seizures and vision is 20\20 condition found due to 24\7 headaches

Do all people with cortical dysplasia have seizures and other problems I never had seizures and vision is 20\20 condition found due to 24\7 headaches

No, not all: Not all people with cortical dysplasia have seizures. This finding is typically made when a person has seizures, it does not cause symptoms many other times. Cortical dysplasia tends not to affect vision or be related to headaches, for example. Sometimes cortical dysplasia is found on brain MRI, but it may have no clinical significance. ...Read more

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Doctors thought I had a brain tumor, A.D.E.M., and now cortical dysplasia is there a chance that this could still be a brain tumor?

Doctors thought I had a brain tumor, A.D.E.M., and now cortical dysplasia is there a chance that this could still be a brain tumor?

Hard question!: This question is beyond the scope of what we can answer in this forum. It would require a medical consultation, with detailed history, review of your medical records and your actual MRI images. Public answers on HealthTap are not intended for individual treatment, prescription or diagnosis. A personal consultation can be obtained through HealthTap Concierge with me or another Board-Certified MD ...Read more

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My daughter had her first seizure. The mri showed a minor abnormality. If it is cortical dysplasia what is the likelihood of more seizures?

My daughter had her first seizure. The mri showed a minor abnormality. If it is cortical dysplasia what is the likelihood of more seizures?

Hard to say: One of the problems of all the modern imaging we have available is knowing what to do with the findings. A minor anomaly may be just that. Something unrelated and of no importance.EEG findings sometimes have a better correlation with future seizure activity. This is best explained by the doc who has access to all the data. ...Read more

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Doctors thought it to be a brain tumor, ADEM, and now cortical dysplasia is it still possible for the mass to be a brain tumor? Thanks!

Doctors thought it to be a brain tumor, ADEM, and now cortical dysplasia is it still possible for the mass to be a brain tumor? Thanks!

Different: It should be obvious which one of these is which based on MRI characteristics. Sometimes a follow up study will help.

It sounds like it is not a brain tumor if the other two are possibilities. More information is needed to make a better decision. ...Read more

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What is cortical dysplasia? I was diagnoised with it and it was origionally thought to be a brain tumor after several mri tests they said it was this

What is cortical dysplasia? I was diagnoised with it and it was origionally thought to be a brain tumor after several mri tests they said it was this

Born with it: Cortical dysplasia is when a small island of gray matter is out of place in the white matter layer of the brain, seen on MRI. It can be mistaken for a benign brain tumor. It happens during development of the brain, and usually causes no trouble. Rarely it can cause seizures, which can be treated with medicine. VERY rarely surgery is done to remove it if seizures are hard to control. ...Read more

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Brain lesion. I was told it was a brain tumor, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and cortical dysplasia could it still be a brain tumor? Thanks!

Brain lesion. I was told it was a brain tumor, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and cortical dysplasia could it still be a brain tumor? Thanks!

Huh?: Didn't you just answer your own question? Maybe I'm missing something but if the diagnosis actually IS ADEM (as I believe you are saying above) and if what you have is cortical dysplasia (unrelated to the ADEM) to boot then, neither of those 2 together nor separately are synonyms for brain tumor. Do you have imaging studies? That would solve the mystery? Questions? Www. Healthtap. Com/drsaghafi ...Read more

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I am looking for information on treatment for cortical dysplasia in children?

I am looking for information on treatment for cortical dysplasia in children?

Start at this site:: Corticalfoundation. Com/corticalmalformations/focalcorticaldysplasia....Many children's medical centers will have centers of excellence in treating children with cortical dysplasia. ...Read more

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How to deal with a 24/7 headache that won't go away withOTC or prescription meds had MRI showed cortical dysplasia I can't take the headache anymore!!

How to deal with a 24/7 headache that won't go away withOTC or prescription meds had MRI showed cortical dysplasia I can't take the headache anymore!!

Look elsewhere: 24y fem. W. headache & non-specific brain MRI w/o diagnosis/effective analgesia; oft suffers branded "chronic migraine"/sumatriptans ineffective. My observations: asymmetric masses superior trapezium, ST, chronic head tilt to atrophic ST side, chronic spasm larger ST w. pain at insertion superior scapula spine/occiput & at mid-body motor point, i.e., chronic muscle tension headache. See Osteopath. ...Read more

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24/7 headache tried EVERYTHING even non med remidies prescription meds scan showed brain tumor but it was cortical dysplasia recommendations.

24/7 headache tried EVERYTHING even non med remidies prescription meds scan showed brain tumor but it was cortical dysplasia recommendations.

Really?: Did you ever have seizures, enlarged head, clumsiness, or lots of falls as a kid growing up? I find it hard to believe that a 24 year old is being first discovered as having cortical dysplasia because of 24/7 headaches. This condition is usually picked up in childhood. No specific treatment exists. If seizures are beyond control some patients get surgical resection. Get a 2nd opinion on the MRI ...Read more

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Name of top surgeon/facility for frontal cortical dysplasia evaluation, treatment and/or surgery? Thank you e olsen healthy, otherwise normal 16 yr old female, tonic clonic, versive seizures approx 1 x month for 4 years on lamictal. A few 2 and 3 month

Name of top surgeon/facility for frontal cortical dysplasia evaluation, treatment and/or surgery? Thank you e olsen healthy, otherwise normal 16 yr old female, tonic clonic, versive seizures approx 1 x month for 4 years on lamictal. A few 2 and 3 month

Some suggestions: You could start with University Hospital in Aurora, but I think more surgical epilepsy experience is present at UCLA Hospital in California, Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Mn, Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, and of course, Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. No harm in acquiring several opinions via phone calls, first. This is a highly specialized area, and would take your time to find success. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about autism?

Can you tell me about autism?

Autism spectrum: Autism spectrum disorders are a set of complex neurobehavioral disorders that include social impairments, communication problems, and fixed, repetitive stereotypical movements. The most severe form of disorder in this group is classical autism -- but there are also milder forms known previously as asperger's. There's much more info than 400 characters will allow: http://tinyurl. Com/6y86go. ...Read more

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When can autism be diagnosed?

Very: There is no "official" age at which the diagnosis can be formulated, however, some of the criteria is only observable (or the lack thereof) after the kid is supposed to reach a milestone (verbal skills, etc). Review the criteria dsm4 and you will have a clear idea of why. That said, some genetic diseases (deletions, isodicentrism, etc) associated with autistic features can be diagnosed at any age. ...Read more

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Where to go to diagnose autism?

Where to go to diagnose autism?

A psychiatrist.: See a psychiatrist. There are people who specialize in autism. There are therapist and providers who specialize in autism. Search for local providers. ...Read more

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Why do kids with autism regress?

Kanner's 1943 paper: On autism described autistic regression in ~ 30% of toddlers, same as today. Neuroimaging of siblings of kids with autism shows atypical development of white matter at 6 -12 mos. & decline in gaze directed toward faces from 6-36 mos. In sibs who develop clinical autism up to 18 mos. After white matter changes appear, showing that autistic regression is far more gradual than previously thought. ...Read more

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Dr. Johanna Fricke
643 Doctors shared insights

Autism (Definition)

A neurodevelopmental disorder affecting three areas: abnormal socialization, communication, and restricted interests with repetitive patterns of behavior. It is usually detected in the first two years of life. Cause is unknown but strong evidence points to an interplay between ...Read more


Dr. Barbara Lavi
10 Doctors shared insights

Cortical Dysplasia (Definition)

Cortical dysplasia refers to poor development of the tissues of the cerebral cortex. Often seen as underdeveloped and dysorganized tissue on ...Read more