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Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
Elderly Hypertensive: Carotid stenosis usually occurs secondary to longstanding atherosclerosis. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. It takes time for atherosclerotic plaques to develop, so most patients with carotid artery stenosis are older adults. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
2 things: Carotid artery stenosis means narrowing of the artery. Stroke is death or damage to brain due to circulatory issues. Many strokes (approx 1/3rd) are due to carotid artery disease. Although frequently connected, they are not the same. Many strokes occur without carotid stenosis. Many carotids are completely occluded (slowly) without resultant strokes. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
CAD: Coronary artery disease is defined as obstructive lesions in the coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle . These start as areas of inflammation that progress into obstructions and affect the different layers of the blood vessel wall (from inside out). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
The 2 vertebral arteries arise from the left and right subclavian arteries and supply the brainstem and cerebellum. Dissection is rare (2.5/100, 000), affect women to men 3:1 and can cause stroke in people
Pectoris atherosclerosis congestive heart failure coronary artery disease dilate hypertension myocardial angina pectoris, what are these?
Cv words: These all refer to cardiovascular particulars. Pectoris = Chest. Atherosclerosis = vascular wall scarring from cholesterol deposit. Coronary artery disease = narrowing and atherosclerosis of heart arteries. Dilate = expand diameter. Hypertension = high blood pressure (within arterial network). Myocardial = heart. Angina pectoris = pain of chest from coronary artery disease, lack of oxygen to heart ...Read more
Arteriosclerotic internal carotid & vertebro basilar arteries predominantly the left vertebrobasilar segment appearing tortuous with slight prominence?
Carotid stenosis: In the carotid arteries the flow of blood goes from being linear to being turbulent due to the "fork in the road" at the bifurcation. This causes the area of the proximal internal and external carotid arteries to develop plaque. This plaque leads to narrowing of the artery. The material that is causing the narrowing is fragile and can break off and cause a stroke. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Depends: When blood flow is sufficiently reduced by a greater than 70% blockage of an artery or arteries, to the point of permanent damage or weaknening of the heart muscle, or when a plaque ruptures and a blood clot repeatedly forms with resulting blockage of blood flow, then an artery needs to be stented, or bypassed. ...Read more
Endarterectomy : Endarterectomy refers to a procedure wherein a surgical plane of resection of the inner lining of a diffuse narrowed blood vessel is undertaken. This improves the blood flow. Because of the diffuse involvement however there is a greater risk of recurrent narrowings there. ...Read more