coronary artery disease

Condition Common
Description
Conditions (3)
Symptoms (7)
Treatments (17)
Tests (6)
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death and disability in adults in the U.S. It develops when lipid (fatty) plaques builds up in the arteries. Eventually, the plaque can occlude the artery, thereby stopping blood flow to the organ supplied by that artery. If the artery supplies the heart, blockage causes a heart attack. If the blockage is in a brain vessel, the result is a stroke.
Authored by Dr. Robert Kwok

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what's coronary artery disease?

CAD

Heart
Coronary artery disease is defined as obstructive lesions in the coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle . These start as areas of inflammation that progress into obstructions and affect the different layers of the blood vessel wall (from inside out).
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Dr. Rick Koch answered:

What is coronary artery disease?

Cholesterol plaquing

Coronary_artery_disease
Cholesterol plaquing of the coronary arteries
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Dr. Howard Rubin answered:

Is coronary artery disease deadly?

Coronary disease

Women
Number one cause of death in men and women.
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What causes coronary artery disease?

Cholesterol

Coronary_artery
most, but not all, coronary artery disease he is due to cholesterol buildup within the walls of the coronary arteries in the heart.
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Is coronary artery disease inherited?

Sort of

Eyes
Yes it runs in families so if your parents have it you are more likely to also. This is partly because risk factors such as diabetes are also inherited. It is very complicated however, much more so than hair or eye color for instance because there are so many factors to consider.
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Is coronary artery disease contagious?

Causes for cad

Diet
Not contagious in the sense of an infectious exposure. There are strong genetic risks, and people living together tend to make similar diet and lifestyle choices, so clustering of cad cases does occur
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Can coronary artery disease be treated?

Certainly

Artery
Evaluation by a primary care & cardiologist, reduce weight - BMI < 28, eat right: low fat, low (bad) cholesterol, consider high quality fish oil, cessation of smoking, exercise (if you are healthy enough per your physician), reduce alcohol consumption, take prescribed medications as directed. Know your numbers: cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar and work with your physician to optimize them
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Dr. Mark J. Stern answered:

Can coronary artery disease be reversed?

Yes

Statins
yes if on high dose statins for years it is possible to stabilize and slightly improve
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How can coronary artery disease be cured?

Not Really

Coronary_artery_disease
Coronary Artery Disease, also referred to as CAD or CVD, can be controlled or ameliorated with diet, exercise, cessation of smoking, moderation of alcohol intake, diabetes control and medications.
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What can lead to coronary artery disease?

Multiple causes

Carotid_arteries
High blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, smoking, genetics, cholesterol, are among the multitude of causes noted.
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