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Doctor insights on: Corneal Transplant Macular Degeneration

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My dad has age related macular degeneration and his sight is failing fast. Is a cornea transplant an option?

My dad has age related macular degeneration and his sight is failing fast. Is a cornea transplant an option?

No: Macular degeneration affects the retina which is in the bak of the eye. The cornea is the clearr covering in the front of the eye. Unfortunately corneal transplantation will not help macular degerneration. ...Read more

Dr. Steven Griggs
3 Doctors shared insights

Transplant (Definition)

In medicine: a transfer from one body or body part to another of an organ (liver, heart, lung, kidney, pancreas bowel) or tissue (hand, face, hair). The immune system fights foreign invaders (like infections) so it will reject transplants from other people (allotransplants) because they look like infections. So transplants usually require drugs to ...Read more


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My dad has macular degeneration and doctor wants a cornea transplant?

My dad has macular degeneration and doctor wants a cornea transplant?

Doesn't make sense: In macular degeneration, the problem is with the retina, not the cornea. If macular degeneration is really the problem, a corneal transplant will not help. ...Read more

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Is it possible for a macular degeneration patient to have an eye transplant?

Is it possible for a macular degeneration patient to have an eye transplant?

No: The optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain cannot regenerate once you cut it so a transplanted eye would be blind. When people donate their eyes the only part usable is the cornea for a patient whose cornea has scarred up or got damaged. ...Read more

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Will ookp help macular degeneration?

Will ookp help macular degeneration?

No: The osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (ookp) is a replacement for the cornea. The problem in macular degeneration is the other end of the eye, the retina. ...Read more

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How can I help my macular degeneration?

How can I help my macular degeneration?

See ophthalmologist: Regularly, and in some cases, eye vitamins can help. Also avoid sun. ...Read more

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Can dry macular degeneration be reversed?

Can dry macular degeneration be reversed?

No: Classic dry older aged macular degeneration is progressive at its own rate. The areds vitamin supplement has been shown to slow the progression but nothing so far reverses the damage. You should be followed for this by a retinal specialist ...Read more

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What are dry and wet macular degeneration?

What are dry and wet macular degeneration?

Subcategory: Divided this way since the treatment is different. Wet forms are currently treated with serial anti-vegf injections. Dry does not have leakage but can lead to geographic atrophy which also permanently decreases vision. ...Read more

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What can be done for macular degeneration?

What can be done for macular degeneration?

See Below: Dry (nonexudative) age-related macular degeneration (amd) is treated with areds (age-related eye disase study) vitamins. Wet (exudative) amd is treated with ocular injections (intravitreal avastin, lucentis, (ranibizumab) or eylea). See a retina specialist. ...Read more

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Is it possible to cure macular degeneration?

To some degree: Macular degeneration is a wide spectrum of conditions where the tissue in the back of the eye changes with time. In most types where there is primarily gradual loss of function there is no real cure currently.
In the "wet" types there is growth of scar tissue. These types may be helped significantly with injections of a variety of drugs into the eye to suppress the growth of the scar tissue. ...Read more

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What is known to cause macular degeneration?

What is known to cause macular degeneration?

Unknown: The cause (trigger) for this condition, which is age related, is unknown. We know the effects, have some treatments available, and there is really extensive research in the cause but no positive results so far. A few are inherited but most have no obvious inheritance pattern. This is treated by retinal specialists who should be consulted if you are having problems. ...Read more

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What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Aging: There is still no clear single cause for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). It is a disease of geriatric. The incident is highest among those over 70. Genetic may play a role. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of progression of the disease. Other conditions have also been cited such as cardiovascular disease. ...Read more

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What is the first sign of macular degeneration?

What is the first sign of macular degeneration?

Vision changes: The first symptom most people experience with macular degeneration is a change in vision. An amsler grid is a simple screening tool available for home use that can allow patients who are at risk for macular degeneration to monitor for such changes. ...Read more

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What is the known cause of macular degeneration?

Multifactorial: Macular degeneration describes a lot of conditions potentially. Some are single gene genetic disorders such as stargardt macular dystrophy. The most common cause is age-related macular degeneration. The condition has a strong genetic association (many genes involved). Other factors such as age, smoking, diet and other health factors contribute to its causation. ...Read more

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What are the stages of wet macular degeneration?

Stages of mac degen: The areds severity scale has been used to classify dry macular degeneration. Wet macular degeneration does not have such linear demarcations. It is categorized into classical cnv and occult cnv. There are several subtypes of occult. There are two variants of amd, (retinal angiomatous proliferation) RAP and pcv (polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy). Findings associated with wet amd are critical. ...Read more

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What are early symptoms of macular degeneration?

What are early symptoms of macular degeneration?

Vision changes: The first symptom most people experience with macular degeneration is a change in vision. An amsler grid is a simple screening tool available for home use that can allow patients who are at risk for macular degeneration to monitor for such changes. ...Read more

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Can there be a young persons macular degeneration?

Can there be a young persons macular degeneration?

Yes: But not classic age related macular degeneration. There are a few inherited maculopathies which are forms of macular degeneration which might show up in the teen through 30's age range. These can be quite profound and handicapping but fortunately rare. If you have suspicion about this, you should see your ophthalmologist without delay. ...Read more

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What is the best way to treat macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration: Dry type treatment = areds2 vitamins, uv protection, no smoking. Wet type treatment = eye injections with steroid or anti-vegf medication or laser treatment. You need to see a retina specialist. ...Read more

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How fast progresses aged related macular degeneration?

It is variable.: Typically dry macular degeneration is slower in progression, may take years to progress. Wet macular degeneration typically causes sudden central loss of vision. ...Read more

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How can you verify a diagnosis of macular degeneration?

How can you verify a diagnosis of macular degeneration?

Dilated exam: Macular degeneration comes in two general forms: wet and dry. The dry form is generally clinically diagnosed on exam while the wet form is diagnosed using special Fluorescein dyes and optical coherence tomography - a type of laser scan of the retina. ...Read more

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How many different kinds of macular degeneration are there?

Many: However what most people are referring to when they say "macular degeneration" is the age-related type that is more common in older people and seems to be caused by a build-up of waste products in the retina. Age-related macular degeneration is most often the "dry" form with relatively good vision and only slow loss while about 10% have "wet" disease with more rapid and significant vision loss. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: macular degeneration?

What is the definition or description of: macular degeneration?

Two types: Genetic disease affecting the central vision in some older adults. 1. Dry age-related macular degeneration: treated with areds vitamins, tobacco cessation. 2. Wet age-related macular degeneration: intravitreal injections of anti-vegf molecules like avastin, lucentis, (ranibizumab) or eylea. ...Read more

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Macular degeneration--is it always in old people?

Macular degeneration--is it always in old people?

See below: Age-related macular degeneration (amd) only occurs in adults after one's forties. Diseases that may look like amd but happen earlier include macular dystrophy, best's disease, stargardt disease, among others. See a retina specialist. ...Read more

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Can you recommend magnifiers for macular degeneration?

Lighthouse: Is an excellent institution that can fit you with the best optical aids. ...Read more

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How effective is zinc for treating macular degeneration?

How effective is zinc for treating macular degeneration?

Effective: In the Age-Related Eye Disease Study, zinc was found to be effective in slowing the loss of vision in people with macular degeneration. Adding anti-oxidant vitamins doubled the efficacy. The current recommendation is the AREDS 2 formula. ...Read more

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How effective is Ranibizumab for treating macular degeneration?

Very: Ranibizumab is one of four injectable medications currently available for treatment of wet (exudative) macular degeneration. The others are pegaptanib, bevacizumab and aflibercept. Pegaptanib is not used much anymore because it does not work as well. The other three agents work very similarly. In about 40% of eyes vision improves by 2 of more lines, and 90% + have stabilization or improvement. ...Read more

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Treatment for dry macular degeneration?

Not yet: While there are several medications as well as stem cell and gene therapies that are currently being investigated, no treatment has been proven to be safe and effective for geographic atrophy, the hallmark of dry amd. High dose anti-oxidant vitamin supplementation has been shown to be helpful in preventing the progression to the wet form of macular degeneration when certain early signs are present. ...Read more

Dr. Amy Friedman
1,119 Doctors shared insights

Transplantation (Definition)

Transplantation is the process of transplanting organs from a donor to a recipient and includes surgery ...Read more


Dr. Richard Scartozzi
578 Doctors shared insights

Macular Degeneration (Definition)

A partly genetic disease affecting vision that happens to older people. There are two types: dry or wet, which are ...Read more