Doctor insights on:
COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more
Depends: Without a full exam and review of medical records and history of infections secondary to CF would be remiss in trying to become an actuarial. Go see a pulmonologist and discuss the options and likely outcomes. ...Read more
Varies: I am sorry to hear about your mother's illness. There is no easy answer on this--i have seen spans of weeks to years. A lot has to do with her pre-illness condition, amount of weight loss, symptoms, time in the hospital. I try in my own practice to emphasize "quality of life" as more important than "quantity of life." i have seen people do better than expected; maintain realistic hope. ...Read more
It depends: The transplant center will evaluate whether based on their transplantation survival statistics and your clinical disease severity, whether the benefits outweigh the risks. The allocated organs are received first by the patients who are the most severe, and most likely to benefit from an organ transplantation. Transplantation centers will have information on this for you. I hope that this helps. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Copd patient aged 71. Triple bypass 4 years ago in inhalers .moderate copd stage . What is prognosis like?
My mum 67 was diagnosed with metastatic caecal adenocarcinoma, aggressive stage 4 cancer.She's on folfox. Life expectancy??
Varies from months/y: The overall survival of stage 4 colon cancer varies from 1 to 3 years. Most patients have at least 2 years if their tumor responds to chemo. If you tumors regresses after chemo, it may even be surgically removable in which case long term survival(even a cure) can be possible. Ask more questions to your treating oncologist. ...Read more
If so, not much: Albain et al tried to show that surgery improved survival in operable iiia, but there was no statistical benefit. The subset that got just a lobe removed possible benefited, but would need a larger study to prove. Those that had the entire lung removed actually faired worse. For most patients, it is not the thing that makes a difference, but response to chemo/rt signals benefit. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Shortness of breath: Typically, patients with COPD have shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. Fatigue, decreased energy, and decreased ability to do normal activities are also quite common. Sometimes, patients can get dizziness related to the shortness of breath. If you have these symptoms, definitely see a doctor. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Stage 4 kidney dz: Stage 4 chronic kidney disease ( kidney function of 15-30%) occurs for many reasons. People with stable stage 4 disease can live fairly normal lives. However, if the kidney disease is progressing rapidly, it can be associated with more complications (anemia, bone disease, end stage renal disease with dialysis). It is important to follow closely with a nephrologist. ...Read more
GB cancer is: Uncommon, so few studies done prospectively. Looking at results in people treated empirically, perhaps one person in 10 will respond. That needs to be balanced against side effects that tend to occur in most. Frank discussion about symptom rrelief focus rather than "shrink tumor" at all cost. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
In general, not good: Non small cell is usually not as aggressive as small cell, but chemotherapy is not as effective. A lot depends on the functional status of your dad, and where the cancer has spread. Stage 4 implies it has spread somewhere. 5 year survival rates are usually less than 5%. Sorry. ...Read more