Doctor insights on:
Constrictive Lung Disease
Sir can u tell me the difference between constrictive lung disease, restrictive lung disease and obstructive lung disease???
Academic question: This is an academic question that can not be answered in this brief space. Consult a medical text book or Medscape for the info. ...Read more
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
No natural cures: Lung disease is too general a term. What specific disease are you talking about? The bottom line is there is no natural cure for lung disease other than avoiding things that make it worse (ie: smoking). ...Read more
Stay healthy...: Things that we can control that affects lung health includes smoking and being exposed to pollutants. Smoking is obvious. But less obvious is living near a highway or factory or in a city known for its smog (l.A., houston, etc.) other than that, if you're healthy, there's not too much more we can do to lower lung disease risk. Maybe my pulm colleagues have some tips to add. ...Read more
2ndhand smoke, etc.: The chief cause of lung cancer is long-term exposure to tobacco smoke. Nonsmoker cases are from a combination of genetic factors, radon gas, asbestos, and air pollution including secondhand smoke. Asbestos can also cause mesothelioma, a cancer of the pleura or lining on the surface of the lung and diaphragm. So a combo. Of pollution, smoking and other factors likely causes urban lung disease. ...Read more
Quit smoking: Smoking continues to be the main cause of all lung disease. If you do not smoke follow you dr's instructions. Restrictive lung disease is difficult to manage and requires hard work on you and your dr's part. ...Read more
Asthma & COPD: Byssinosis, brown lung disease, is asthma due to chronic breathing of raw cotton, flax, sisal & hemp dust. It affects textile workers employed in sweat shops & poorly-ventilated factories. Initially symptoms of asthma - coughing, wheezing, & shortness of breath respond to medications used to treat asthma, job change & tobacco avoidance. With continued exposure irreversible fibrosis occurs. ...Read more
Depends upon stage.: Restrictive lung is not a disease per se. It is a condition that is the final common pathway of many diseases. Therefore it is difficult to say what the first symptoms might be. In early stages there may be no symptoms at all. When the underlying disease begins to affect lung tissue there may be a persistent cough and eventually shortness of breath. ...Read more
Yes. It totally is.:
COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
It is a long term (chronic) disease of the lungs (pulmonary) characterized by poor airflow out of the lungs (obstructive). It is unfortunately common and sometimes very serious, even life-threatening. ...Read more
Depends: Lung cancer may occur in smokers or non-smokers. The symptoms are dependent on the location and extent of the cancer. It may be found when asymptomatic (no symptoms) or when very advanced an many symptoms, such as pain, hemoptysis (coughing up blood), seizure (brain mets), shortness of breath, etc. ...Read more
In absence of any respiratory symptoms, pfs help to identify some mild for of lung disease such as reactive airway disease.
Shahzeidi, md. ...Read more
Depends on severity: Take medications as recommended by your doctor. Avoid smoking. Eat right, plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Keep an active lifestyle, daily walking/exercise to prevent loss of muscle strength. ...Read more
Get help: The real answer depends on how old your children are and how close you are to them. Often it helps to talk to a pediatric social worker or psychiatrist (or your pastor/clergy member etc) in order to correctly frame it, but there is no easy, right, or perfect way to break bad news to children. Get help, do a dry run, ask your pulmonologist to join you. ...Read more
Something specific?: You get more from this site if you provide background info on an issue & ask a related question. There are a variety of tests for lung function or appearance, ranging from simple blood tests, breathing tests, x-rays or biopsies. If you have a specific lung problem/disease in mind you are welcome to start over. Your posts are not linked & go to the site at random. ...Read more
Ys: Adults and older children can over cooperate in taking deep breath with radiographic appearance of hyerinflation. Clinical findings are more important such as asthma or COPD most examinations of chest are performed looking for consolidations, atelectasis, tumor. Pneumonia, fluid etc. ...Read more
These are diseases of respiratory system in which air is trapped in the lungs. In majority if not all of them airways are involved. Asthma, COPD and emphysema are part of it. In emphysema lung parenchyma is also affected by loosing elasticity. Cause is usually unknown, could be smoke related, genetic or as part of other disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, or auto immune disease.
Shahzeidi, md. ...Read more
Most often smokers..: Dip stands for desquamative interstitial pneumonia. It was first described in 1956. Occurs most commonly in middle-aged adults who are cigarette smokers. It is a type of lung disease in which alveoli (tiny air exchange sacs in the lung) become filled with cells and patients experience shortness of breath. It is treated by smoking cessation and corticosteroids. Complete recovery is possible. ...Read more
Hopefully not in kid: Byssinosis, brown lung disease, is an inflammatory condition of the lungs & breathing tubes that occurs in persons working with raw cotton, flax, sisal & hemp. Constantly breathing the dust of these materials results in symptoms of asthma. Continued exposure for many years can cause irreversible lung damage. Age is not a factor. Children may be exposed in third-world textile factories. ...Read more
Breathe faster: Restrictive lung disease makes the lungs stiffer and smaller in volume, the body compensates for this change by breathing faster with smaller breaths. ...Read more
Expected: Residual volume is the volume left in your lungs after you exhale completely. In general, restrictive lung disease (rld) decreases your lung volumes, including total lung capacity and residual volume. A simplified comparison can be to stretching a very tight rubber band - same as not being able to inhale and stretch your lungs to normal capacity. Hope this helps! ...Read more
Majority of cases in restrictive lung disease are not smoke related. Example of them are scoliosis, musculardystrophies, lung fibrosis, or space occupying lesions such as pleural effusion, pneumothorax or tumor inside thoracic cavity. Need to do plethysmography with dlco, cxr and or ct scan of chest to find etiology. Then treat accordingly.
Shahzeidi, md. ...Read more
Depends on cause: Obstructive & restrictive lung disorders are broad groups that include several disease conditions. The body's response to either of these categories of lung diseases will depend on the specific diagnosis/condition. For example, obstructive disorders include both asthma & cystic fibrosis but their outcomes & body's responses are completely different. Talk to lung specialist in person to learn more. ...Read more
People who live within 5km of chemical plant have higher incidence of lung disease than those who live outside. True?
Pollution: Not sure if it is true. However diesel smoke and increased particulate matter in breathing air - both associated with automobiles are known to cause lung disease. There is strong body of evidence that those living close to busy highways ; inner cities have higher burden of lung disease. These are due to air pollution due to automobile exhausts. ...Read more
Does someone who live within 5km of chemical plant have higher incidence of lung disease than a person who lives outside?
No magic numbers: If the plant is run properly and regulators have done their job airborne risk should be low. If present it is related to prevailing winds with increased risk in downwind locations. If pollutants reach the water supply, carcinogens can reach the lungs in a rather large area. ...Read more
Bullae are blisters on the skin and there are several serious systemic diseases with blisters that can involve the lungs and many other organs.
You're probably asking about bullous emphysema where a lot of the supporting tissue is gone and there are big open areas or blebs that look like blisters on the lungs.
Stop smoking. ...Read more
Could be infectious: There are a variety of disease sates that cause granulomas. Tuberculosis, fungal diseases and sarcoidosisi are the most common casues if you have had a biopsy of one of thee I am certain they did stains to rule out tuberculosis and fungal infections. They should also do a tuberculin skin test. If everything is negative then sarcoid should be considered. ...Read more
Depends on disease: Non cancerous lung disease is treated by pulmonologists and lifestyle modification. Early lung cancer is demonstrated to be best treated by anatomic resection with complete nodal sampling or node dissection by a board certified thoracic surgeon. Additional/adjunct therapies including chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be indicated based on final pathology staging. ...Read more