Doctor insights on:
Conginital Heart Disease
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes.: Coronary heart disease can be serious. However, with modern understanding it can be managed. Drugs like Aspirin can reduce heart attack. Additionally drugs like Plavix (clopidogrel) have been shown to decrease this further. Statin medications can reduce risk for rupture of the plaque which is the precursor step for a sudden heart attack. Additional medications are also helpful in reducing the impact of cad. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cholesterol: Cholesterol builds up in the wall of the arteries resulting in progressive narrowing. This process is accelerated by smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, inflammation (high c-reactive protein), and oxidative damage through aging. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Atherosclerosis: Depends on one's personal risks smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes , family history. Simply, one blocks the feeding coronary artery to part of the heart muscle and low flow, or no flow causes ischemia which cause death of the heart cells, which is a heart attack! myocardial infarction is the medical term.Ekg and lab tests show the damage. ...Read more
Continuum: Coronary disease develops from our lifestyle and as we age real blockage develops in some or all coronary vessels. One or more plaques disrupt and obstruct. If adequate collateral pathways exist may just vagus transient angina or pain. Angina is pain without damage. If not adequate flow, or collateral, acute myocardial infarction- heart attack occurs and that is "damage". Heart failure may follow. ...Read more
What is the relationship between coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease and ischemic heart disease?
Overlap: Atherosclerosis develops in our coronaries and can cause damage to heart. Some other diseases damage heart as well! viral, rheumatic, infections etc when enough muscle damage has happened, then heart failure, poor pumping, and congestion will occur- called CHF congestive heart failure. ...Read more
Cause: The symptoms will feel the same but the cause could be quite different. When the heart is not getting enough blood, it relaxes poorly after each heart beat. This can cause shortness of breath. In advanced stages, blocked heart arteries cause heart damage, pumping dysfunction, and heart failure. Valve disease can cause relaxation problems and heart damage as well despite normal circulation. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the relationship between coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, and ischemic heart disease?
All related: Ischemic heart disease is caused by coronary artery disease. Some people call coronary artery disease coronary heart disease. When a coronary artery closes up, the heart tissie it supplied may die and that is called a heart attack. The dead heart tissue scars down, when there is a lot of damaged tissue the heart may start failing and that is called ischemic heart disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Flow demands: The fetal heart is required to do about half the work of living outside. Blood from the body is pumped through the heart back to the body & placenta without going through the lungs. Mom also does the work of providing nutrients, removing waste & keeping temperature stable. After birth, the heart must pump thru the lungs & do more work. The additional load can lead the heart to fail. ...Read more