congestive heart failure

Condition Uncommon
Description
Conditions (7)
Symptoms (17)
Treatments (37)
Tests (18)
Risk Factors (19)
Basically, it is a condition in which your heart becomes an inefficient pump. As a result, fluid backs up into your lungs and also your lower extremities. There are numerous causes for this but ischemic heart disease is the most common cause. This can be diagnosed by laboratory test, chest xray, as well as an echo or ultrasound of your heart.
Authored by Dr. Estylan Arellano

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what is congestive heart failure?

Weakened heart

Heart_failure
a normal heart will eject (EF) about 60% of blood from main chamber (left ventricle) out aorta and feeds entire body with oxygenated blood. when this muscle chamber, size of fist, develops weakness of some of it's walls (heart attack, eg) or is constricted (pericarditis) etc, then it starts failing, EF decreases, backup pressure develops, fluid builds up in lungs or legs and CHF has occurred.
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Can you cure congestive heart failure?

Control

Heart
We have medications to treat the symptoms of heart failure. But most of the time we are not actually curing it but controlling it. There are occasional types of heart failure that actually go away and in that case, I guess the word cure would be appropriate. Similarly, if you have high blood pressure, medicine can control it but in most cases, you have to keep taking the medications.
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Is congestive heart failure dangerous?

Yes.

Heart
Congestive heart failure, CHF, has a 50% mortality at five (5) years if left untreated.
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Is congestive heart failure inherited?

Sometimes inherited

Cardiac
Certain causes of congestive heart failure are inherited (example genetic enzyme deficiencies leading to dilated cardiomyopathy or hypertension which can may directly or indirectly lead to CHF). CHF has multiple other causes including acquired injuries to the heart (like in coronary disease) wherein genetics play a role as one of the risks
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How fatal is congestive heart failure?

Minimal to Rapidly

Lipoprotein
Like most issues, varies widely. CHF typically progresses slowly over yrs to decades & not recognized until symptoms are severe enough that people finally seek help (way down the road) due to shortness of breath (lung edema), leg edema, increasing fatigue, etc. Alternatively, if detected early, before symptomatic, & Txed aggressively, lipoproteins, HbA1c, BP, ACEI+Coreg, can significantly reverse.
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How deadly is congestive heart failure?

Unfortunately, very.

Heart_failure
Congestive heart failure is related to the leading cause of death in adults in the US. The symptoms vary, but in its severe form, CHF lead to significant impairment in daily life/activities, organ failure, and death. Please seek appropriate treatment if you have any symptoms of CHF.
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How severe is congestive heart failure?

No Symptoms to Fatal

Open-uri20130109-16517-dehd29
Like most issues, varies very widely. CHF typically progresses slowly over years to decades & is not recognized until symptoms become severe enough that people finally seek help (way down the road) due to shortness of breath (lung edema), leg edema, increasing fatigue, etc. Alternatively, it can be detected early, before symptomatic, in several ways; good quality echocardiography probably best.
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Dr. Peter Varga answered:

Congestive heart failure? Can it go away?

It depends.

Heart_failure
There are numerous causes of heart failure. Heart failure is generally a disease of heart muscle that leads to decreased contractility(squeeze) of the heart or decreased relaxation in between contraction of the heart. Most heart failure is treatable and some reversible. For example arrhythmias ,metabolic problems or some coronary disease .Genetic causes usually do not go away.
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What causes of congestive heart failure?

Several

Heart
Some examples are heart attack, anemia, valve diseae, hypertension, infections, disease of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy), overactive thyroid
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What happens in congestive heart failure?

Fluid retention

Heart
when the heart is not functioning normally, neurologic and endocrine signals are sent to the kidney to retain salt and water. Fluid buildup in the body causing shortness of breath and swelling of the lower extremities.
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