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Doctor insights on: Congenital Microcephaly

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What are the different types of microcephaly?

What are the different types of microcephaly?

Microcephaly = small: head, or a head circumference for age & gender < 5th %ile. Head growth reflects brain growth. Any genetic or other medical condition that disrupts fetal brain development can cause congenital microcephaly. Any genetic or other medical condition that damages an infant or child's brain or causes degeneration & slows its velocity of growth can cause acquired microcephaly. See below. ...Read more

Dr. Anthony Barkovich
122 doctors shared insights

Microcephaly (Definition)

Is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a head circumference more than 2-3 standard deviations below the mean for age & gender. It may be congenital or develops in the first few years of life. It stems from wide variety of conditions that cause abnormal brain growth, or from syndromes associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Life expectancy is reduced, depending on ...Read more


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Can surgery help children with microcephaly?

Can surgery help children with microcephaly?

Microcephaly = small: head, head circumference for age & gender less than 5th %ile. Head growth reflects brain growth. Any genetic or other medical condition that disrupts fetal brain development from 3 wks. after conception- term can cause congenital microcephaly. Any medical condition that damages an infant or child's brain or genetic cause of degeneration or slow velocity of growth can cause acquired microcephaly. ...Read more

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What is the IQ of someone with microcephaly?

What is the IQ of someone with microcephaly?

Real low: Not seen outside of institutions, unless you include todd browning's classic ''freaks''. ...Read more

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Baby's head measuring 1 week behind microcephaly?

Baby's head measuring 1 week behind microcephaly?

Head measurement: Was your child premature? If so there is a correction that can be made to more accurately determine appropriateness of head size. Was your baby small for gestational age? Has the head circumference been growing at a rate parallel to the isobars on the head circimference chart, wven though it may be below the 5th percentile. Speak to your pediatrician about these issues. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy of someone with microcephaly?

What is the life expectancy of someone with microcephaly?

Depends: It is completely dependant on the cause of the microcephaly and on the severity of its associated problems such as seizure disorder, gastro-esophageal reflux or breathing difficulty. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy of a person with microcephaly?

What is the life expectancy of a person with microcephaly?

Depends: It is completely dependant on the cause of the microcephaly and on the severity of its associated problems such as seizure disorder, gastro-esophageal reflux or breathing difficulty. ...Read more

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Is it true that surgery can help a child with microcephaly?

Is it true that surgery can help a child with microcephaly?

No: The growth of the skull will reflect the amount of content it has to cover.It grows to 95% of its adult size by age 9, reflecting the gradual increase in brain mass. There is no evidence that creating a bigger skull through surgery would result in brain growth.It would just increase the amount of empty space inside. ...Read more

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I think I have microcephaly because my head is small. What are the symptoms?

I think I have microcephaly because my head is small. What are the symptoms?

Relax: Sorry, to get a diagnosis of this, it is a sad condition made at birth. Abnormally small skull that confines brain. Extremely low functioning. Sound like you? I didn't think so. ...Read more

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Horrible question, but what is the life expectancy of a person with microcephaly?

Horrible question, but what is the life expectancy of a person with microcephaly?

Depends: It is completely dependant on the cause of the microcephaly and on the severity of its associated problems such as seizure disorder, gastro-esophageal reflux or breathing difficulty. ...Read more

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I feel sorry for patients wth microcephaly, would they not be easy to be taken advantage of?

Possible yes: In our world there is a chance for this to happen. Handicapped people are abused more often that normal people. ...Read more

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What is microcephaly?

Small head.: Literally means small head in greek. It suggests that one's head is smaller than 97-99% of one's peers in age/sex. It is frequently associated with neurodevelopmental delay and lower IQ scores. ...Read more

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Causes of microcephaly?

Causes of microcephaly?

Varied: There are literally hundreds of things that can cause this including various syndromes, prenatal infections and lack of oxygen during birth just to name a few of the more common causes. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: microcephaly?

What is the definition or description of: microcephaly?

Microcephaly: Is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a head circumference more than 2-3 standard deviations below the mean for age & gender. It may be congenital or develops in the first few years of life. It stems from wide variety of conditions that cause abnormal brain growth, or from syndromes associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Life expectancy is reduced, depending on presence of other abnormalities. ...Read more

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Do you know the pathophysiology of microcephaly?

Do you know the pathophysiology of microcephaly?

Varied: There are literally hundreds of things that can cause this including various syndromes, prenatal infections and lack of oxygen during birth just to name a few of the more common causes. ...Read more

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If a girl has microcephaly, how will she look in future?

If a girl has microcephaly, how will she look in future?

Disproportionate.: Microcephaly since birth may not always persist, howeverit can cause a noticeable disproportion in anthropometry up to adulthood. Microcephaly is associated with lower IQ and increased risk of cerebral palsy. ...Read more

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What is the normal head circumference for a 4years old microcephaly?

What is the normal head circumference for a 4years old microcephaly?

Good question : I am not sure if there is a special chart for the microcephalics, his development may have been charted before overtime and compared to normal curves, development is a complex process, and not measured only by the head circumference, other aspects of the original disease and development interact, check this link too: http://www.who.int/childgrowth/standards/second_set/cht_hcfa_boys_p_0_5.pdf ...Read more

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My four months old son has head circumference of 10 percent. Should I be worried about microcephaly? Dr thinks he is fine..

My four months old son has head circumference of 10 percent. Should I be worried about microcephaly? Dr thinks he is fine..

Depends: If his head has been in the 10th percentile in the past and remains in the 10th percentile in the future, then this is probably normal for him. It would be more concerning if his head circumference had been higher in the past and is now falling on the growth chart. ...Read more

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Is microcephaly a genetic disease?

Is microcephaly a genetic disease?

It can be: Primary microcephaly is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder. Microcephaly is also a feature of other genetic disorders with multiple features. Microcephaly however is not always a genetic condition. A clinical geneticist or neurologist will be able to perform evaluations to determine the cause of the microcephaly. ...Read more

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What to do if I am 23 weeks pregrant and worried my baby has microcephaly?

What to do if I am 23 weeks pregrant and worried my baby has microcephaly?

Ask your OB: I'm not sure why you have this specific concern. This is something quite easily measured on ultrasound. Ask your OB how your baby measured out. If indeed it was small size for dates, then you never rely on just one reading and get multiple ones over the weeks to assess interval growth and get serial accurate measurements. It's easy to do and if still small would refer for higher level ultrasound. ...Read more

Small Head (Definition)

Head circumference of less than 5th percentile for postnatal ...Read more