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14 yr old son. Is a small (5mm) congenital mole evaluated for melanoma the same as an acquired mole (e.G., abcds)? Or is the examination different?
Similar: We still use the same ABCDEs when examining congenital moles for the possibility of malignancy. While congenital nevi to carry a risk of developing into melanoma the amount of increased risk is debatable. The larger the nevi the higher the risk seems to be. I would either have the lesion excised and examined by a pathologist or been seen by a dermatologist who can follow the skin lesion for change ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Skin is the largest and one of the most complex organs in the body composed of hundreds of different structures. Nearly any of these elements can degenerate into cancer. However the three most common are: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use & ...Read more
In what age range is someone most likely to have a melanoma? During what age range does it not occur?
Melanoma: It is very rare in young children (they don't get much sun, and not enough time for genetics or heredity to have their effect), and becomes increasingly common after the late teens. Chronic sun exposure or a strong family history are the major risk factors. Pigmented moles that are asymmetric, with an irregular border, with a change to a darker color, larger than 1/2 a centimeter should be checked. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
25%: While skin cancers are common and include mostly basal cell and squamous ca there are about 80 thousand new cases of melanoma occurring every year . In men the median age for developing this lesion is between 45 and 55% divided between men and women almost equally. About 25% of the male cases occur before 40. Rarely congenital cases occur early such as in neurofibromatosis. ...Read more
Can melanoma occur even in people who don't get much sun? Or on parts of one's body that don't get much sunlight?
How does the number of cases of melanoma compare in light skinned vs. Medium skinned vs. Dark skinned persons?
Learn your ABCD's: Definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy. Melanomas are screened by the abcd's: a-asymmetry; b-irregular borders; c-different colors; d-diameber >6mm (size of pencil eraser). If you notice a mole with these characteristics, get it checked out asap. If you have a skin lesion which is growing, ulcerating, bleeding, or otherwise changing, get it seen as well for evaluation and possible biopsy. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Highly variable: There are aggressive fast-spreading cancers and there are slow-spreading cancers. An aggressive fast-spreading melanoma can metastasize even before it's visible on the skin. Some superficial slow-spreading melanomas may spread wide but not deep and may not invade the bloodstream for many months. The problem is there's no predicting how a melanoma is going to behave so early detection is key. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: In addition to the surgery mentioned, there are new drugs for melanoma. One, called ipilumimab, is not chemotherapy. It is an immunologic therapy that was approved for use in 2011. It is the first drug to improve survival in stage IV melanoma, and some patients are alive 5-6 years after diagnosis with stage IV melanoma while on the drug. Have hope! ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Sun exposure plus ..: Although everyone is at some risk for melanoma, several factors such as: sun exposure, number of moles on the skin, your skin type and family history (genetics) can increase your risk for melanoma. Please visit www.Skincancer.Org for more indepth information. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Melanoma iscancer of melanocytes. Melanocytesare cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the ...Read more
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