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Doctor insights on: Congenital Melanoma

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14 yr old son. Is a small (5mm) congenital mole evaluated for melanoma the same as an acquired mole (e.G., abcds)? Or is the examination different?

14 yr old son. Is a small (5mm) congenital mole evaluated for melanoma the same as an acquired mole (e.G., abcds)? Or is the examination different?

Similar: We still use the same ABCDEs when examining congenital moles for the possibility of malignancy. While congenital nevi to carry a risk of developing into melanoma the amount of increased risk is debatable. The larger the nevi the higher the risk seems to be. I would either have the lesion excised and examined by a pathologist or been seen by a dermatologist who can follow the skin lesion for change ...Read more

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Dr. Mike Bowman
950 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more


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What is a melanoma?

What is a melanoma?

A type of skin cance: Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that arises from the pigmented cells (melanocytes) in the skin. In general, it is more malignant than the other two common skin cancer types (basal cell and squamous cell), but early melanoma has a good prognosis. Look online for the abcde for diagnosing melanoma. If you have a suspicious mole - have it checked out by a deramatologist. It could save your life! ...Read more

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How is melanoma diagnosed?

How is melanoma diagnosed?

Learn your ABCD's: Definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy. Melanomas are screened by the abcd's: a-asymmetry; b-irregular borders; c-different colors; d-diameber >6mm (size of pencil eraser). If you notice a mole with these characteristics, get it checked out asap. If you have a skin lesion which is growing, ulcerating, bleeding, or otherwise changing, get it seen as well for evaluation and possible biopsy. ...Read more

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What exactly is a melanoma?

Cancer of melanocyte: Melanoma is cancer of melanocytes. Melanocytes are cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes. ...Read more

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Is melanoma hereditary? How?

Is melanoma hereditary? How?

IN A SENSE: A positive family history of melanoma is a risk factor. So is hair-blonde or red-color and eye-blue or green-color, which of course you inherit. The biggest risk factor, though, is sun exposure. ...Read more

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How often is melanoma 1-2 mm?

How often is melanoma 1-2 mm?

Quite common: Most melanomas in the US are diagnosed when they have thickness of 1mm to 3mm) are diagnosed in about 30% of patients and carry an intermediate prognosis with a risk of recurrence between 15-30%. ...Read more

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Which symptom did you have of melanoma?

Which symptom did you have of melanoma?

Use ABCDE RULE: It's best to see a dermatologist but a good rule of thumb is the abcd guidelines a=asymmetry of lesion b=border is irregular c=colors are multiple and not consistent d=diameter is greater than 6mm e=evolution of lesion with changes and enlargement. ...Read more

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How should you know if you have melanoma?

How should you know if you have melanoma?

Skin cancer : Most skin cancers are the result of excessive sun exposure/tanning. Genetics play a strong role too. Any skin lesion that is changing size, color, shape or an area that does not heal is suspicious for skin cancer and should be evaluated by a dermatologist. ...Read more

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Is there any therepies available for melanoma ?

Is there any therepies available for melanoma ?

Yes: In addition to the surgery mentioned, there are new drugs for melanoma. One, called ipilumimab, is not chemotherapy. It is an immunologic therapy that was approved for use in 2011. It is the first drug to improve survival in stage IV melanoma, and some patients are alive 5-6 years after diagnosis with stage IV melanoma while on the drug. Have hope! ...Read more

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How effective is Dabrafenib for treating melanoma?

Hopeful but not cure: Patients with a V600 BRAF mutation, approximately 40-60% of melanoma patients! and with metastatic/advanced disease may benefit from Debrafenib. However it is not a cure and it tend to prolong disease free survival rather and is typically used in combination with other treatments for optimal outcomes ...Read more

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What are the chances of survival for someone with melanoma?

What are the chances of survival for someone with melanoma?

Depends on stage: Not all cancers are alike, and neither are different melanomas. The survival from melanoma depends on the stage, which is based tumor thickness, ulceration, mitotic rate, lymph node involvement and presence of distant metastases. ...Read more

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Can surgery repair melanoma?

Can surgery repair melanoma?

Hopefully: If the lesion is superficial, only excision of the skin site is needed. If it is deeper then removal of one or more of the lymph nodes in the area is usually recommended. If there is lymph node involvement, chemotherapyay help improve survival. Seek treatment at a center with experience in melanoma. ...Read more

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What is "melanoma lymphoma"?

What is "melanoma lymphoma"?

I don't know: Melanoma and lymphoma are two separate tumors. Maybe you are seeing a typo or potentially a differential diagnosis and the confirmed diagnosis isn't clear. I would ask your md what it means. ...Read more

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How can you prevent melanoma?

How can you prevent melanoma?

Sun protection!: Taking care of your skin is key to long term health and prevention of melanoma and other skin cancers. Regular and repeated use of sunblock as well as wide brim hats and sun rated long sleeve shirts and pants all will protect your skin and keep you looking younger as well. If you have a strong family history of melanoma or skin cancer, have a dermatologist give you a thorough exam. ...Read more

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Is subungual melanoma dangerous?

Is subungual melanoma dangerous?

Yes: If you have an area beneath your nail that is dark, and doesn't resolve like a bruise normally would, then please get it assessed. ...Read more

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Could melanoma run in the family?

Melanoma Can Pass : Melanoma can pass through families. Children of those with with melanoma have a higher risk. Those with more moles are also at higher risk. So skin checks at a dermatologist are important if melanoma is in your family. ...Read more

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Is nodule melanoma common under 30?

It does occur: Melanoma is a Cancer of the young people,so yet it does occur in 20 to 30 to 40 year olds. get yourself checked by a dermatologist if you have anything suspicious. ...Read more

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What is melanoma and is it treatable?

Malignant Melanoma: is a skin cancer which can be aggressive. It is treatable but best outcome is with early diagnosis (low Clarke's level) and early treatment. ...Read more

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Could sun at the beach cause melanoma?

Depends On Skin Type: Melanoma is the deadliest of all skin cancers. Your risk of melanoma with sun exposure depends on your skin type. Skin that burns easily and never tans has a higher risk of developing melanoma than skin that is dark and almost never burns. As a rule, you should always wear sunscreen when exposed to the sun. Not only will that decrease your risk of melanoma, it also prevents premature aging. ...Read more

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Dr. Travis Kidner
2,627 doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Definition)

Cancer of the melanocyte cells. Melanocyte cells determine the color of your skin. Although these cells are primarily found in your skin, they can also be found in the bowel ...Read more