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Doctor insights on: Congenital Hypothyroidism

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Is there a difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Is there a difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Yes: Cretinism is an old description of children with growth stunning due to profound hypothyroidism, either congenital or acquired who go untreated. Their physical appearance is quite unique but now seldom encountered due to new born screening and early detection. I myself have not seen a case during my entire fellowship period ! it is present in other parts of the world where newborn screen is absent. ...Read more

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Dr. Judy Saslow
108 doctors shared insights

Hypothyroidism (Infant And Child) (Definition)

Congenital hypothyroidism is a medical condition in which babies have low levels of thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone is crucial for development, especially development of the brain, and lack of thyroid hormone can lead to mental retardation. Causes of congenital hypothyroidism include the failure of the thyroid gland to form (agenesis) or immature brain to gland signaling. Treatment via thyroid hormone replacement is very effective. ...Read more


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What symptoms make you think of congenital hypothyroidism?

What symptoms make you think of congenital hypothyroidism?

Many: Depends on the age but for infants, they can have puffy face, dull look, thick tongue that sticks out. For toddlers and children, they can have constipation, dry, brittle skin, poor feeding, short height, sleepiness, fatigue, loss of muscle tone (floppy kids), choking epidodes, low hairline...This is a serious disease with serious lifetime consequences. It's easily checked by a blood test. ...Read more

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What are the major signs and symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism?

What are the major signs and symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism?

EVERYTHING SLOWED: Everything slowed down - slow growth, slow movements, slow reflex, slow heart rate, weakness, fatigue, dry skin, cold intolerance, weight gain, constipation, dry skin, etc. ...Read more

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What are the tests for congenital hypothyroidism?

What are the tests for congenital hypothyroidism?

Blood tests: Each state has certain screening tests for newborns to identify treatable conditions that can lead to irreversible damage if undetected. All states mandate testing for congenital hypothyroidism. This is done by testing blood obtained by a heel stick. Read more here: http://en.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/newborn_screening. ...Read more

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I want to know what is the difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

See below: Cretinism is the condition that can result from congenital hypothyroidism. Think of it as cause and effect. Congenital hypothyroidism is the cause and cretinism is the effect. ...Read more

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What causes congenital hypothyroidism?

What causes congenital hypothyroidism?

Underdevelopment...: Congenital thyroid dysplasia, poor development of thyroid gland in utero, leads to congenital hypothyroidism. ...Read more

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How do I explain to my son what it means to have congenital hypothyroidism?

How do I explain to my son what it means to have congenital hypothyroidism?

Low thyroid function: 'congenital' means it's present at birth, and hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland (which is at the front base of the neck) isn't producing enough of the chemicals it should. This condition requires treatment with thyroid hormone to replace what the thyroid isn't making. ...Read more

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How do complementary doctors treat congenital hypothyroidism?

Thyroid hormone: The treatment for congenital hypothyroidism is to replace the missing hormone, thyroxine, and monitor the treatment. I would hope all health providers would treat it the same way! it's a very natural treatment (it's replacing the same missing hormone the body is not making) and usually all that is necessary. ...Read more

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Is there any long-term advantage early treatment of congenital hypothyroidism?

Is there any long-term advantage early treatment of congenital hypothyroidism?

Most Definitely!: Congenital hypothyroidism is a medical emergency because postponing treatment may lead to mental retardation. The infant brain must have appropriate thyroid hormone levels for normal development. This is the reason we do newborn screening for this condition. The soonest we get treatment started, the better for the baby. ...Read more

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Any reports in journals of congenital hypothyroidism that has been cured?

Any reports in journals of congenital hypothyroidism that has been cured?

Cure?: Some babies can have a transient congenital hypothyroidism. However, for those that are not transient, being born without a functioning thyroid can't be cured. The defects are mostly anatomical, where a baby might be born without a thyroid or with one which is displaced. Sometimes the thyroid is unable to make thyroid hormone because of a genetic defect. Still, very treatable with levothyroxine. ...Read more

Dr. Su Fairchild
1,203 doctors shared insights

Hypothyroidism (Definition)

The thyroid gland is an endocrine organ located in the front part of the neck. Its role is to make thyroid hormones, which control the way cells use energy. Hyperthyroidism results when the thyroid gland is overactive and too much thyroid hormone is produced, which speeds up metabolism. This results in weight loss, a quick heartbeat, sweating, nervousness, ...Read more