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Doctor insights on: Congenital Heart Disease Respiratory Distress

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How often do?Congenital heart disease present as?Heart failure?

How often do?Congenital heart disease present as?Heart failure?

Rarely in utero.: Even severe fetal cardiac defects rarely cause fetal hydrops or heart failure. On the other hand, many severe defects can present as florid cardiac failure in the nursery or the first few days/weeks of life and prompt expert care is mandatory. See: http://texaschildrens.Org/locate/doctors/ayres, -nancy/. ...Read more

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Dr. Bennett Werner
2,804 doctors shared insights

Heart Diseases (Definition)

Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more


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Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read more

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How can a congenital heart disease cause congestive heart failure?

How can a congenital heart disease cause congestive heart failure?

Flow demands: The fetal heart is required to do about half the work of living outside. Blood from the body is pumped through the heart back to the body & placenta without going through the lungs. Mom also does the work of providing nutrients, removing waste & keeping temperature stable. After birth, the heart must pump thru the lungs & do more work. The additional load can lead the heart to fail. ...Read more

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Are heart attacks linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Are heart attacks linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Indirectly: Many people with COPD have a strong smoking history which also predisposes to heart attacks - in addition, there may be a chromic inflammatory element to some forms of COPD which cam also make heart attacks more likely. ...Read more

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Is rheumatic heart disease related to asthma?

Is rheumatic heart disease related to asthma?

No: Rheumatic fever (rf) is casued by a bacterial infection (streptococcus) and can cause heart valve problems. Asthma is a condition of the lungs and airway obstruction and spasm. However, if heart valves are affected by rf, then they can leak and cause symptoms that mimic asthma. This condition of commonly referred to as cardiac asthma. ...Read more

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Difference in shortness of breath with heart valve disease and coronary heart disease?

Difference in shortness of breath with heart valve disease and coronary heart disease?

Cause: The symptoms will feel the same but the cause could be quite different. When the heart is not getting enough blood, it relaxes poorly after each heart beat. This can cause shortness of breath. In advanced stages, blocked heart arteries cause heart damage, pumping dysfunction, and heart failure. Valve disease can cause relaxation problems and heart damage as well despite normal circulation. ...Read more

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Which disease is more manageable, coronary heart disease or congestive heart failure?

Which disease is more manageable, coronary heart disease or congestive heart failure?

Serious and manageab: Congestive heart failure is often one of the compications of CAD. Both are serious conditions that can be managed with proper medications, diet, exercise and always addressing the root cause of the problem. ...Read more

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Is valvular heart disease dangerous?

Is valvular heart disease dangerous?

Yes and no: There are four valves in the heart and a variety of disorders may affect each. Many are benign, but some are progressive and fatal. Specifics will dictate outcome. ...Read more

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Are kawasaki syndrome (or kawasaki disease) and heart murmur related?

Are kawasaki syndrome (or kawasaki disease) and heart murmur related?

Occasionally: Kawasaki disease can lead to most commonly a specific rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and specific changes to the lips/tongue and hands/feet. However, there are specific changes that can occur in the heart. Occasionally this may lead to a murmur, which is a specific sound of blood flowing through the heart. Most often, though, kawasaki disease causes heart inflammation without a murmur. ...Read more

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Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more

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What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

Variable: This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind. ...Read more

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How does coronary heart disease affect the respiratory system?

How does coronary heart disease affect the respiratory system?

It doesn't: Unless the chd has progressed to the point that the heart is failing. Then the lungs become congested with fluid (from the backpressure of a failing heart - also called "congestive heart failure"). The cardinal symptom is breathlessness. ...Read more

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What's COPD respiratory disease?

What's COPD respiratory disease?

COPD: COPD stands foe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease As the name says it is chronic disease of the airway which includesEmphysema and Chronic Bronchitis Most cases are caused by smoking and few others by pollution and occupational exposure COPD is not reversible and there is no cure for it. Progession of this condition can be minimised by smoking cessation and prevent the harmful exposure. ...Read more

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Which antibiotic causes congenital heart disease?

Which antibiotic causes congenital heart disease?

No Known : Some medications are known to cause birth defects if taken by a pregnant woman. However, I am not aware of any known associations with antibiotics causing specific heart defects in pregnancy. ...Read more

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Is there a relationship between coronary heart disease, angina, heart failure and heart attack?

Is there a relationship between coronary heart disease, angina, heart failure and heart attack?

Continuum: Coronary disease develops from our lifestyle and as we age real blockage develops in some or all coronary vessels. One or more plaques disrupt and obstruct. If adequate collateral pathways exist may just vagus transient angina or pain. Angina is pain without damage. If not adequate flow, or collateral, acute myocardial infarction- heart attack occurs and that is "damage". Heart failure may follow. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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Dr. Barton Cook
218 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more


Dr. Theodore Davantzis
7 doctors shared insights

Respiratory System (Definition)

The respiratory system consists of all organs in the body related to breathing including the nose, mouth, trachea and lungs. All four of these are ...Read more