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Doctor insights on: Congenital Heart Disease Cyanosis

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Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more

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Dr. Bennett Werner
2,804 doctors shared insights

Heart Diseases (Definition)

Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more


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Bicuspid heart valve disease causes?

Bicuspid heart valve disease causes?

Generally yes: With aging, other factors become superimposed such as onset of coronary disease, hypertension, and senescent changes in diastolic function. Moreover, the involved valve itself may gradually deteriorate. The net effect is often progressive worsening but this may not be noticed since people tend to slow down and do less activity as they age. ...Read more

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Is coronary heart disease inherited?

Is coronary heart disease inherited?

Sometimes: Some people inherit what are called 'dyslipidemias'- which is a fancy way of saying messed up lipids - that cause coronary disease - but what most people actually inherit are bad habits - bad eating habits, smoking, obesity, lifestyle etc. ...Read more

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Is valvular heart disease dangerous?

Is valvular heart disease dangerous?

Yes and no: There are four valves in the heart and a variety of disorders may affect each. Many are benign, but some are progressive and fatal. Specifics will dictate outcome. ...Read more

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Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read more

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How often do?Congenital heart disease present as?Heart failure?

How often do?Congenital heart disease present as?Heart failure?

Rarely in utero.: Even severe fetal cardiac defects rarely cause fetal hydrops or heart failure. On the other hand, many severe defects can present as florid cardiac failure in the nursery or the first few days/weeks of life and prompt expert care is mandatory. See: http://texaschildrens.Org/locate/doctors/ayres, -nancy/. ...Read more

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Is congestive heart failure inherited?

Is congestive heart failure inherited?

Sometimes inherited: Certain causes of congestive heart failure are inherited (example genetic enzyme deficiencies leading to dilated cardiomyopathy or hypertension which can may directly or indirectly lead to chf). CHF has multiple other causes including acquired injuries to the heart (like in coronary disease) wherein genetics play a role as one of the risks. ...Read more

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How can a congenital heart disease cause congestive heart failure?

How can a congenital heart disease cause congestive heart failure?

Flow demands: The fetal heart is required to do about half the work of living outside. Blood from the body is pumped through the heart back to the body & placenta without going through the lungs. Mom also does the work of providing nutrients, removing waste & keeping temperature stable. After birth, the heart must pump thru the lungs & do more work. The additional load can lead the heart to fail. ...Read more

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Which antibiotic causes congenital heart disease?

Which antibiotic causes congenital heart disease?

No Known : Some medications are known to cause birth defects if taken by a pregnant woman. However, I am not aware of any known associations with antibiotics causing specific heart defects in pregnancy. ...Read more

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Is congenital heart disease a disease associated with aging?

Is congenital heart disease a disease associated with aging?

Not specificly: The sporadic occurrence of congenital heart disease in a baby is influenced by many factors including heredity & toxic exposure. Maternal /paternal age at conception does not seem to have a direct influence unless a chromosome defect comes into play. Then advanced maternal age increases risk of trisomy & each chromosome defect has a higher risk of a heart defect. ...Read more

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Is coronary heart disease reversible?

Is coronary heart disease reversible?

Unknwon.: Although there have been suggestive studies that showed coronary plaque regression, most data is focused on plaque stabilization. As long as the plaque is stable and the symptoms controlled, it is not essential that we "revers" atherosclerosis. In the future, cetp modifying drugs may prove to reverse plaque. Only time will tell. ...Read more

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Which disease is more manageable, coronary heart disease or congestive heart failure?

Serious and manageab: Congestive heart failure is often one of the compications of CAD. Both are serious conditions that can be managed with proper medications, diet, exercise and always addressing the root cause of the problem. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension acquired disease?

Is pulmonary hypertension acquired disease?

Generally yes: Usually, it is acquired; however, up to 5% of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may have a genetic or heritable cause. ...Read more

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What causes coronary heart disease?

What causes coronary heart disease?

Cholesterol: Cholesterol builds up in the wall of the arteries resulting in progressive narrowing. This process is accelerated by smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, inflammation (high c-reactive protein), and oxidative damage through aging. ...Read more

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What causes coronary heart disease?

What causes coronary heart disease?

Atherosclerosis: Depends on one's personal risks smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes , family history. Simply, one blocks the feeding coronary artery to part of the heart muscle and low flow, or no flow causes ischemia which cause death of the heart cells, which is a heart attack! myocardial infarction is the medical term.Ekg and lab tests show the damage. ...Read more

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What causes heart valve disease?

What causes heart valve disease?

Multiple causes.: Stress, stretch, calcium deposition and degeneration all are factors that lead to disease in heart valves. Recurrent inflammation, rheumatic heart disease, infection on the valves themselves is other reasons. Heart conditions and other disorders, age-related changes, rheumatic fever, and infections can cause acquired heart valve disease. These factors change the shape or flexibility of once-normal. ...Read more

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How commonly is congenital heart disease genetic?

How commonly is congenital heart disease genetic?

Polygenic problem: The information that codes for proper heart formation is shared by many genes on chromosomes. Genetic studies show linkage, where a person with a form of chd has a 4% chance of having a first degree relative with any form of chd as well as a 4% risk of having a child with a chd. A few rare syndromes have higher genetic risk (dominant = 50%) that sometimes have chd as part of the syndrome. ...Read more

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Is coronary heart disease serious?

Is coronary heart disease serious?

Yes.: Coronary heart disease can be serious. However, with modern understanding it can be managed. Drugs like Aspirin can reduce heart attack. Additionally drugs like Plavix (clopidogrel) have been shown to decrease this further. Statin medications can reduce risk for rupture of the plaque which is the precursor step for a sudden heart attack. Additional medications are also helpful in reducing the impact of cad. ...Read more

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Dr. Barton Cook
218 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more