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Doctor insights on: Congenital Heart Defects Preterm Neonatal Complication Pneumonia

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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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Dr. Lonnie Smith
1 doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more


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Congenital heart diseases in parents -> what risk in fetuses?

Congenital heart diseases in parents -> what risk in fetuses?

One~4%both~6-8: Chd is polygenic= influenced by multiple genes and not directly passed on. The type of the parents chd is not necessarily one seen in the offspring. ...Read more

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Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Some: A bicuspid aortic valve or a prolapsing mitral valve are present from birth. Many other heart valve abnormalities are acquired, either through scarring from infection, calcium deposition, or mal-apposition due to dilatation of cardiac chambers, among other things. ...Read more

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What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

Variable: This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind. ...Read more

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Had countless prenatal sonos. Can congenital heart defect be undetected before birth?

Had countless prenatal sonos. Can congenital heart defect be undetected before birth?

Sure..: Unfortunately, the prenatal ultrasound detection rate for fetal cardiac defects is variable between 15-70% among centers, with the largest ones having the best results. As you can tell, short of having a fetal echo, the routine prenatal ultrasound (or even a comprehensive/targeted one) can miss even major cardiac defects in 30-85% of cases.. Take Folic Acid to prevent heart defects in you fetus! ...Read more

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Can fetal pyelectasis be fatal?

Can fetal pyelectasis be fatal?

No.: Fetal pyelectasis refers to borderline prominence of the renal collecting system and is defined as >4 mm by 20 weeks; >7 mm between 20-30 weeks and >8 mm after 30 weeks. It is seen in 3% of all pregnancies associated with polyhydramnios and diabetes mellitus. It is a very weak marker of increased risk for fetal down syndrome but never causes mortal risk. Neonatal follow-up is required! ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Depends on variables: There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk.This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one. ...Read more

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Would a person with neonate repaired patent ductus arteriosus be at greater risk for heart damage or heart disease due to the congenital defect?

Would a person with neonate repaired patent ductus arteriosus be at greater risk for heart damage or heart disease due to the congenital defect?

Hardly: Not to worry you , but even some very, very good surgeons have mistaken a wrong blood vessel for the PDA and ligated it instead. This includes the left pulmonary artery and even the descending aorta. Fortunately this is extremely rare. Other than that, there is basically no further risk of damage or disease. ...Read more

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How often do?Congenital heart disease present as?Heart failure?

Rarely in utero.: Even severe fetal cardiac defects rarely cause fetal hydrops or heart failure. On the other hand, many severe defects can present as florid cardiac failure in the nursery or the first few days/weeks of life and prompt expert care is mandatory. See: http://texaschildrens.Org/locate/doctors/ayres, -nancy/. ...Read more

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What congenital anomolies are associated with placenta previa?

What congenital anomolies are associated with placenta previa?

Nothing specific: In 3 deades of pediatrics and much of that dealing with birth defects, i know of no anomaly that is linked to placenta previa.The selection of an implantation site for the embryo and development of the placenta in a previa location appears to be random. ...Read more

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What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

Fontan Procedure: The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart. ...Read more

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How rare are fatal complications for mothers when delivering a baby? Examples including amniotic embolism.

How rare are fatal complications for mothers when delivering a baby? Examples including amniotic embolism.

Maternal death: 37 F asks: How rare are fatal complications for mothers when delivering a baby? Examples including amniotic embolism. ANS: rare but this depends on age, ethnicity, social class, access to prenatal care and past history of preg complications. So share you question with your Drs and discuss with them. Let us know what they say. ...Read more

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Endocarditis and pulmonary embolism with a heart defect. Chances of reoccurrence happening? 

Endocarditis and pulmonary embolism with a heart defect. Chances of reoccurrence happening? 

Yes: I'll presume the three are causally related. The heart defect is likely on the tricuspid valve or a septal division of the heart leading blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs. A damaged valve causes turbulent flow and is prone to allow bacteria to settle on valve causing infection-endocarditis. When this growth gets loose, a piece may end up in lung-embolism. Yes, this may recur. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

No: Murmurs that are not caused by an abnormality are common. They are called "functional murmurs", and are of no concern whatsoever. ...Read more

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Dr. Barton Cook
217 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more


Dr. Michael DePietro
2,228 doctors shared insights

Pneumonia (Definition)

An inflammation of the lungs, most ...Read more