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Doctor insights on: Congenital Heart Defects Fetal Death

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Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Depends on variables: There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk.This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one. ...Read more

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Dr. Barton Cook
217 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more


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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Some: A bicuspid aortic valve or a prolapsing mitral valve are present from birth. Many other heart valve abnormalities are acquired, either through scarring from infection, calcium deposition, or mal-apposition due to dilatation of cardiac chambers, among other things. ...Read more

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What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

Variable: This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind. ...Read more

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Congenital heart diseases in parents -> what risk in fetuses?

Congenital heart diseases in parents -> what risk in fetuses?

One~4%both~6-8: Chd is polygenic= influenced by multiple genes and not directly passed on. The type of the parents chd is not necessarily one seen in the offspring. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

No: Murmurs that are not caused by an abnormality are common. They are called "functional murmurs", and are of no concern whatsoever. ...Read more

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What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

Fontan Procedure: The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart. ...Read more

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Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

They can/some don't: Congenital heart defects include a number of conditions that vary greatly in their impact on final growth. The more severe the defect, the more likely it will require multiple surgeries and impair the bodies strength & growth. The cyanotic or blue baby group of defects are more likely to do this.Some defects, like the common small VSD self correct & seldom if ever alter the patients life. ...Read more

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Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects considered types of mitochondrial diseases?

Are congenital heart defects considered types of mitochondrial diseases?

Nope.: Most congenital heart defects can be prevented with Folic Acid preconceptionally and have nothing to do with mitochondrial disorders. ...Read more

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What are the causes fetal heart defects?

What are the causes fetal heart defects?

Multifactorial.: Genetic, metabolic, infectious and environmental causes can lead to cardiac birth defects. Taking Folic Acid 1-5 mg daily for your reproductive life (18-50) can prevent 75% of those defects. ...Read more

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Could an inutero twin death cause fetal lobulation in the surviving twin ?

Could an inutero twin death cause fetal lobulation in the surviving twin ?

Are you referring: to fetal lobulation of the kidneys? That is a normal anatomic variant, not related to an in utero twin. ...Read more

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Low fetal heart rate decelerations, i'm worried!?

Low fetal heart rate decelerations, i'm worried!?

In labor?: How are you finding them? Checking at home or on a monitor in the hospital? Either way, go to your closest hospital and get checked to be sure that your baby is doing ok. Good luck! ...Read more

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Can malnutrition worsen 13 year olds congenital heart defect-tetralogy of Fallot, valve regurgitation, and various holes throughout the heart?

Yes, because...: Malnutrition worsens everything related to a one's health, both mentally and physically. In the U.S., with it's economic wealth and ample food supply, there is little malnutrition, except for people who have very little variety in their diets, who refuse to eat, who cannot eat due to medical problems, or who cannot absorb nutrients from their food. Heart is muscle, and muscles need good nutrition. ...Read more