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Doctor insights on: Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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What is congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

What is congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Variable defect: When the diaphram fails to finish forming, a hole is left between the chest ; abdomen ; bowel can slip into the lung cavity (herniate) before or just after birth(when baby starts to cry ; swallow air).If the lung forms well ; bowel slips later, there is a better chance of lomg term survival. Without room to form the lung on that side can fail.Rapid recognition ; suportiive care is a must. ...Read more

Dr. Darrell Cass
44 doctors shared insights

Diaphragmatic Hernia (Definition)

in the diaphragm during development in the fetus allowing the intestines and the liver to go into the chest cavity and not allowing the lung on that side to develop including abnormal pulm vasculature.giving ...Read more


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What is a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

What is a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Hole in diaphragm : While there are normally openings in the diaphragm to allow passage of blood vessels and the esophagus, sometimes there are additional holes where the diaphragm doesn't form properly. If the extra hole is big enough, some abdominal organs will migrate into the chest an prevent the lung from developing, which can be fatal at birth. Small hernias may never be noticed, or last until adulthood. ...Read more

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Can a baby die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Can  a baby  die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Yes : If the hernia is large enough to allow the abdominal organs to go in i the chest during development, they can physically prevent the lung from developing. In its most severe case, rapid death due to inability to get oxygen in to the system can occur immediately after delivery. It is important to understand however that this is not the case for all hernias. See a pediatric surgeon for your details. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what congenital diaphragmatic hernia is?

Can you tell me what congenital diaphragmatic hernia is?

Hole in Diaphragm: A congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a defect in the diaphragm. You are born with this defect. The diaphragm is a muscle that separates the chest and abdomen. It does have normal holes for the esophogus and blood vessels to pass through. Failure of this organ to develop properly can result in a hole in the diaphragm and then organs from the abdomen can pass into the chest. ...Read more

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Please explain if it is possible for a baby to die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Please explain if it is possible for a baby to die from congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Yes: It is possible due to the fact that the lungs may not be able to develop because the abdominal contents have herniated in to the chest. There are varying degrees of severity, and some things that can be done before birth , and immediately after birth to help. May want to see a pediatric surgeon early on for a consultation to find out more. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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Does having a congenital diaphragmatic hernia predispose your child to any other diseases?

Does having a congenital diaphragmatic hernia predispose your child to any other diseases?

Yes: Depending on the mode of repair and the size of the defect some children will develop pectus excavatum. If this is significant it can be addressed surgically when child is 12-15 years of age. ...Read more

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Are there any long-term consequences of having a congenital diaphragmatic hernia if it is fixed right away?

Are there any long-term consequences of having a congenital diaphragmatic hernia if it is fixed right away?

Yes: Depending on when cdh happens during the pregnancy, associated complications like pulmonary hypoplasia (smaller amount of total lung volume), in decreased lung function, varying degrees of high blood pressure in lung blood vessels (pulmonary hypertension) etc are common complications which may continue to some extent, irrespective of when the surgery is done. ...Read more

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Are there any treatments for congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Surgery: Surgery is required to fix a congenital diaphragmatic hernia. They are usually always repaired with discovered in babies. Sometimes we find one in an adult when looking for something else. Surgery for the hernia is then considered based on location and symptoms. ...Read more

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Is there a gene that cause congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Is there a gene that cause congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

No: Diaphragmatic hernias occur sporadically. Incidence is about 1:4000-5000 live births. There are no known predisposing factors during the pregnancy that influence the formation of a diaphragmatic hernia. ...Read more

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What are the treatment options for a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

What are the treatment options for a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?

Depends: Depends on the clinical scenario, but options include surgery while the baby is still in the womb, immediate surgery at the moment of delivery, or surgical therapy within days to weeks after delivery. Ask about a pediatric surgery consultation for more info about your specific case. ...Read more

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Why is the mortality so high for babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernias?

Why is the mortality so high for babies with congenital diaphragmatic hernias?

Small lungs: Babies with diaphragmatic hernia have intestines entering the chest through the defect. The lungs do not have adequate space to develope. As a result babies have pulmonary hypoplasia that may be inadequate for normal life. Mortality used to be 50%. It has increased to 80-85% in some studies. ...Read more

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When are congenital diaphragmatic hernias typically detected?

When are congenital diaphragmatic hernias typically detected?

Prenatally: Many infants are diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. In some instances mothers are given options . Fetal surgical options have gone by the wayside as there is no perfect prenatal fix. ...Read more

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Are there any non-surgical treatments available for congenital diaphragmatic hernias?

Requires surgery: Surgery is required to treat congenital diaphragmatic hernias. The surgery occurs either through a scope that the surgeon inserts into the body or after an incision is made in order for the surgeon to visualize the area to repair. A few highly specialized centers may offer experimental fetal interventions. One example of this is balloon tracheal occlusion. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Diaphragmatic hernia?

What is the definition or description of: Diaphragmatic hernia?

Deffect: in the diaphragm during development in the fetus allowing the intestines and the liver to go into the chest cavity and not allowing the lung on that side to develop including abnormal pulm vasculature.giving rise to pulm .hypertension ...Read more

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What is the oldest age anyone has lived if he or she has congential diaphragmatic hernia?

What is the oldest age anyone has lived if he or she has congential diaphragmatic hernia?

Depends.: Depends also on the type and severity of the hernia. While we often think of cdh solely in the context of severe presentation in early life, they are also found on ct scan without symptoms: http://www.Ajronline.Org/content/177/2/363.Long . So the answer would be a normal life expectancy is possible, but depending totally on the severity and presentation and other medical problems present. ...Read more

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My daughter has a diaphragmatic hernia. What should I do?

My daughter has a diaphragmatic hernia. What should I do?

Diaphragmatic hernia: See a thoracic surgeon tobe evaluated for shortness of breath or gerd. ...Read more

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How to treat diaphragmatic hernia in fetus?

How to treat diaphragmatic hernia in fetus?

May need surgery: Diaphragmatic hernia in utero has a range of severity from minor to life threatening at birth. A neonatologist or pediatric surgeon can help sort that out. There are only one or two centers in the us performing corrective fetal surgery. One is in the san francisco area. ...Read more

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Dr. David Earle
1,424 doctors shared insights

Hernia (Definition)

The ascendence of the gastroesophageal junction into the chest above the diaphragm through the ...Read more