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Doctor insights on: Complications Of Jaundice In Newborns

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Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


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What are causes of jaundice in neonatals?

What are causes of jaundice in neonatals?

Jandice: Jaundice is common and occurs in about 60 percent of newborns, more so in premies. The most common cause is physiologic, meaning due to normal changes. Then infections, blood incompatible with mothers, rare blood disorders like enzyme deficiencies or liver disorders. Most important is to know the kind of jandice - direct or indirect is elevated. There are other reasons for rare indirect. ...Read more

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In neonatal jaundice what's the treatment?

Neonatal jaundice: Phototherapy is the primary treatment in neonates with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. This therapeutic principle was discovered rather serendipitously in england in the 1950s and is now arguably the most widespread therapy of any kind (excluding prophylactic treatments) used in newborns. ...Read more

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Dr. Ashu Syal Dr. Syal
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Is neonatal pneumonia a cause of enlargemnt of the heart in neonates?

Dr. Ashu Syal Dr. Syal
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Is neonatal pneumonia a cause of enlargemnt of the heart in neonates?

Neonatal pneumonia: No! neonatal pneumonia does not cause cardiac consequences in new born, with no congenital cardiac condition. Sometimes chest x ray shows 'large' cardia silhouette, because of the position of the newborn while taking x ray. ...Read more

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Why is the case of dtga in newborns macrosomic?

Why is the case of dtga in newborns macrosomic?

Two not related: D-tga is not, to my knowledge, associated with syndromes that cause macrosomia. The d-tga is more likely to be isolated, with a separate, hopefully identifiable cause for the macrosomia (?Beckwith-wiedeman? Sotos syndrome?). ...Read more

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How can hemolytic disease of the newborn occur?

How can hemolytic disease of the newborn occur?

Antibodies: Mom has an antibody against an antigen that baby has on the red cells acquired from dad. The antibody crosses the placenta. Rhogam has done wonders to prevent antibodies against rh/d from causing the devastating illness that used to be common. ...Read more

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What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. distress syndr: Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins. ...Read more

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What are some common signs of childhood illnesses in newborn babies?

What are some common signs of childhood illnesses in newborn babies?

Irritability: Irritability, excessive sleeping or fever may be the only sign of babies illness. Please call if your babies rectal temperature is over 100.4 and discuss the signs with the doctor. ...Read more

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Are there any major complications to hemolytic disease of the newborn on the baby?

Yes: Hemolytic disease of the newborn can result in significant jaundice and/or anemia, either of which may require emergency medical intervention. Even when the jaundice subsides, the infant is at risk for anemia for the first several weeks of life. ...Read more

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Causes of mild hearing loss in newborn?

Causes of mild hearing loss in newborn?

Hearing loss: There may be debris in the baby's ears after the birthing process. The child should be retested at 4-6 weeks of age. ...Read more

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How common now is retinopathy of prematurity (rop) in babies?

How common now is retinopathy of prematurity (rop) in babies?

Rare: 0.2 - 0.4% of all babies born in the us. The more premature the baby, the higher the likelihood. ...Read more

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What is the cause of jaundice in infants?

What is the cause of jaundice in infants?

Work overload: Mother cleanses babies blood, removing metabolic waste until the cord is clamped. Newborns must convert blood that worked better in the womb to air breather blood & this conversion creates byproducts that can result in jaundice. Most are visibly jaundiced by day 4 clearing by a week or so. Some have additional issues with blood type or bruises that add to jaundice. Too much jaundice can injure baby. ...Read more

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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Can symptoms of hemolytic disease of the newborn happen a week after birth?

Can symptoms of hemolytic disease of the newborn happen a week after birth?

HDN: The process of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) starts soon after birth, however the symptoms (mainly jaundice) may not be detected if clinicians do not maintain a high index of suspicion. HDN due to Rh incompatibility is very rare in the US, but ABO incompatibility should be suspected whenever the mother has type O blood and the baby has either type A or B blood and there jaundice. ...Read more

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Treatment of constipation in 3-4weeks old neonate?

Treatment of constipation in 3-4weeks old neonate?

Constipation: If you are breastfeeding a breast fed baby can have a stool with each feeding , go once a day or may take a week to have a stool. He is not considered constipated. If you are bottle feeding, make such he is not getting excessive amounts of milk. You may add a teaspoon or two of dark karo syrup to the formula to help the constipation. ...Read more

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What race of newborns are usually born with lanugo? Is it common in white newborns?

What race of newborns are usually born with lanugo? Is it common in white newborns?

In all ethnic group: Lanugo just refers to the fine, soft, downy hair on baby skin. Lanugo is from a latin word lana (wool) and only refers to "soft like wool" feel of the first hair. The hair sometime sheds before birth so some babies may not have it, but many do so and happens in all ethnic group. This hair usual sheds off quick--days to max 3-4 month, then normal hair. Have fun learning. Good luck. ...Read more

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Are hemangiomas in newborn due to cvs?

They can be.: I respectfully disagree with dr. Evans. There are 8-10 published papers on the increase of hemangiomas after chorionic villous sampling (cvs). No one knows why this association occurs, but it is probably the same reason as the higher incidence of hemangiomas in premature infants. This is felt to be due to fetal "stress". ...Read more

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Which is the cause of polycythemia vera in infants of diabetic mothers?

Which is the cause of polycythemia vera in infants of diabetic mothers?

Polycythemia: Because blood sugar may be elevated in diabetic mothers, the blood cells become more viscous and can cause polycythemia in the newborn. Also if the cord isn't cut for three minutes, polycythemia may result. ...Read more

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How often is hemolytic disease of the newborn fatal?

How often is hemolytic disease of the newborn fatal?

Depends on form: Decades ago when i started rh hemolytic disease was often fatal during pregnancy & problamatic in newborns. Surviving infants often needed many exchange transfusions & had worrisome futures. Then a treatment called Rhogam came along & has ended that nightmare. In 26 yrs, I have transfused 1-2 ABO babies primarily for late stage anemia but had no fatalities. Rh disease is a problem without rx. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Rahimi
377 doctors shared insights

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


Dr. Theodore Davantzis
1 doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more