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Doctor insights on: Common Arteries

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What is the meaning of "mid common carotid artery?"

What is the meaning of "mid common carotid artery?"

Anatomy: Simply put it's the middle portion of the common carotid artery which originates generally from the aortic arch within the chest and runs in your neck on the way to the brain. The pulse most people feel in their neck is the distal common carotid artery, the last most portion of this vessel, before it splits. The mid portion cannot typically be felt because it would be behind the collar bone. ...Read more

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Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
1 doctor shared a insight

Artery (Definition)

Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more


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Could blocking only one of the left and right common carotid arteries lead to complete brain death?

Could blocking only one of the left and right common carotid arteries lead to complete brain death?

Unlikely: The blood flow to the brain comes from anterior circulation, the carotids, and posterior, the basilar branching into the 2 vertebrals. Complete unilateral carotid thrombosis could cause a significant stroke but the collateral circulation could mitigate the damage, and preserve substantial function. ...Read more

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What does artherosclerotic calcifacations at the bifurcation and into the right common iliac artery? Is it something to worry about?

What does artherosclerotic calcifacations at the bifurcation and into the right common iliac artery? Is it something to worry about?

PAD/PVD; yes: Atherosclerotic calcification refers to arteries plugged w/calcified cholesterol plaques. Because this occurred in arteries to legs, it means you have peripheral artery/vascular disease. This also means you probably have some blockage in your heart (coronary arteries), too. Possibly even your carotids (in your neck). So yes need to be concerned about this to lower risk for heart attack, stroke etc. ...Read more

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Is a 2.2 CM common iliac artery saccular aneurysm considered very serious?

Is a 2.2 CM common iliac artery saccular aneurysm considered very serious?

Very Serious: Generally speaking common iliac artery aneurysm are recommended for repair at around 3-3.5 cm, but these are often found in association with other types of aneurysms, such as aortic aneurysms or lower extremity arterial aneurysms. Only a vascular surgeon can take your entire history into account and recommend surgery or observation for now. The fact that it is saccular may be significant. ...Read more

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What are symptoms differences both common carotid arteries are compressed from that when both jugular veins are compressed?

What are symptoms differences both common carotid arteries are compressed from that when both jugular veins are compressed?

One Hurts: When you compress both carotids, you only have two tiny arteries ("vertebrals") left supplying the whole brain. Ergo, you hit the ground unconscious. If the compression isn't relieved, you die fast. The veins are more compliant, but less redundant. Compression of the jugular leaves the brain with no backup drainage. You'll get a phenomenal headache as pressure builds up, then something will pop. ...Read more

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How different are symptoms when both common carotid arteries is compressed from that when both jugular veins are compressed?

How different are symptoms when both common carotid arteries is compressed from that when both jugular veins are compressed?

Ischemia or congesti: When compressing both carotid artery, the blood flow to brain will be cut down as ischemic condition as like fainting, dizzy or passing out. The both jugular vein compressing cause congestion of blood to brain may cause headache, nausea or vomiting. ...Read more

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Will compressing(blocking) both the left and right common carotid arteries for a sufficient period of time lead to complete brain death?

Yes.: Your brain is always active and requires a great deal of oxygen to function. Complete occlusion of both carotid arteries would compromise blood flow to most of the brain and could cause a hypoxic brain injury or death. ...Read more

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Why compressing both left and right common carotid arteries leads to brain death when vertebral arteries(and also circle of willis) still supply .

Why compressing both left and right common carotid arteries leads to brain death when vertebral arteries(and also circle of willis) still supply .

Carotid occlusion: The vertebral arteries are not enough to sustain the entire blood brain perfusion. They contribute to the anterior circulation by means of the posterior communicating arteries. There are common anatomical variants and in some cases these arteries are not patent or existent. The situation you describe may and most likely cause a massive brain infarction with subsequent brain herniation/death. ...Read more

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Bilateral high flow in common carotid artery and internal carotid artery with normal end diastolic velocity and no stenosis. Is this normal?

Bilateral high flow in common carotid artery and internal carotid artery with normal end diastolic velocity and no stenosis. Is this normal?

How high is high?: Increased flow without stenosis can happen if the cardiac output is very high or there is tortuosity if the arteries Generally don't worry until systolic velocity is over 200 cm/sec and even then it is probably ok with normal diastolic velocity why did you get the test? IF you are asymptomtic I would not worry too much ...Read more

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Is a right common iliac artery aneurysm genetic?Should siblings and/or sons be checked / have a scan?

Is a right common iliac artery aneurysm genetic?Should siblings and/or sons be checked / have a scan?

It can be: About 20-25% of aneurysms of the aorta and iliac arteries are inherited. A simple arterial scan in a vascular lab of first degree relatives once over the age of 50 is helpful to pick these up. ...Read more

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Why does my leg swell and pain after vigorous execise? Had a gunshot to the common femoral artery and vein. 2yrs ago. Repaired by graft.

Why does my leg swell and pain after vigorous execise? Had a gunshot to the common femoral artery and vein. 2yrs ago. Repaired by graft.

Femoral vein repair: Suspect have already answered your question but this one a bit different. Pain with exercise in your situation could relate to narrowing or occlusion of either repaired vessel. At very least need an ultrasound and would suggest you see a vascular surgeon. ...Read more

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Had a end-end repair of my left common femoral artery and a vortex-graft bypass of the left common femoral vein.2 yrs ago.Vigorous exercise.Swell, pai?

Had a end-end repair of my left common femoral artery and a vortex-graft  bypass of the left common femoral vein.2 yrs ago.Vigorous exercise.Swell, pai?

Vein repair: Vein repair using goretex is prone to occlusion. If you are having swelling would suggest an ultrasound to see if the vein is still open. Exercise should be fine. ...Read more

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calcified abd aorta and common iliac arteries, 60% ostial stenosis of coeliac trunk, bloating, abd pain, can't gain weight. Intestinal ischemia?

calcified  abd aorta and common iliac  arteries, 60% ostial stenosis of coeliac trunk, bloating, abd pain, can't gain weight.  Intestinal  ischemia?

Yes: From the descriptions on the question I strongly believe you have intestinal ischemia and atherosclerotic vascular disease .Need to to be aggressive ib treatment for reversal of atherosclerosis. Check lipids get on a good regime of cholesterol lowering treatment.See a physician specializing in lipid manangement ...Read more

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Moderate focal stenosis of L common iliac vein as it courses directly dorsal to R common iliac artery.What's it mean,how's it treated?DVT risk?

Moderate focal stenosis of L common iliac vein as it courses directly dorsal to R common iliac artery.What's it mean,how's it treated?DVT risk?

Need context: Interpretion depends on context for which the study was performed and varies depending on the type of imaging study and associated findings that this report came from. Every test should be interpreted in the context of a thorough history and physical examination with your primary doctor. The most helpful interpretation will come after discussion with the ordering physician. ...Read more

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Severely calcified abdominal aorta & common iliac arteries, a 60% ostial stenosis of the coeliac trunk, stomach ache, abd pain and bloating.Treatment?

Impossible to say: It is impossible to know over the internet whether the vascular and GI issues are related. Speak with a gastroenterologist. ...Read more

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How common is coronary artery disease cad?

How common is coronary artery disease cad?

Depends: Coronary artery disease is the #1 killer of adults in the United States ahead of cancer. Your individual risk of coronary disease is based on your risk factors. The risk can be predicted using a publicly available risk predictor: http://www.Medcalc.Com/heartrisk.Html. ...Read more

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What is typically the most common way the popliteal artery and peroneal arteries are tested for insufficiencies?

What is typically the most common way the popliteal artery and peroneal arteries are tested for insufficiencies?

Ankle brachial index: Two most common tests are and ankle brachial index where they check blood pressure in your ankles and compare those to your arm. If you have a circulation problem they will show abnormal ratios. The second test is a Doppler study which can looks directly at flow through the vessels. ...Read more

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