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Doctor insights on: Colon Cancer Tnm Staging

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If a colon needs to be removed because of colon cancer are their alternatives to a external bag?

If a colon needs to be removed because of colon cancer are their alternatives to a external bag?

Bag is rarely needed: Colostomy( external bag ) is rarely needed for elective cancer surgery. It is more frequently used if the cancer is located very close to the anus, Also, a temporary colostomy may be used for emergency surgery when cancer is obstructing colon completely and the bowel cannot be cleaned prior to the surgery. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,450 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Does colon cancer hurt?

Does colon cancer hurt?

Usually not: Early stages of colon cancer often have no symptoms. Colon cancer has long developmental stages starting out as polyps and can take yrs to develop, hence screening colonoscopy is done every 10 yrs for normal folks. Polyps can be removed during colonoscopy. Advanced cancer can cause pain by obstructing bowel, spread to liver, bone, brain, lung etc. See doc regulalry. Good luck. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer begin?

How does colon cancer begin?

Polyps.: Polyps (adenomas) are small, benign masses that can form within the colon. The life cycle of the mucus membranes of the colon becomes disrupted, either from genetic or environmental reasons, causing growth of polyps. If polyp growth continues abnormally, they have the potential to develop into an invasive lesion and become cancerous. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer spread?

How does colon cancer spread?

Lymph nodes: Lymph nodes are the way colon cancer cells usually escape the colon. It can grow through the colon into the surroundings. Finally it can move from lymph nodes into the blood stream that flows to the liver. When the colon is examined, and if lymph nodes are involved, chemotherapy is recommended. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Can be: The fastest-growers are the ones that follow genetic pathways associated with the lynch loci. They may not even be preceded by a polyp -- colonoscopy can be clean one year, and a year later, there's a cancer. That's actually quite fast as cancers go. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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39 old enough for colon cancer?

39 old enough for colon cancer?

Yes: But not that common unless you have increased inherited risk factors. ...Read more

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Afraid to death I have colon cancer?

Afraid to death I have colon cancer?

Let's talk about it: Either you do or you don't. You can find out by getting colonoscoped. You're old enough that this should be available. Grit your teeth and resolve you'[l accept whatever finding the test gives. ...Read more

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Iwould like to know about colon cancer?

Iwould like to know about colon cancer?

See below: Too much to say, too little space. Look in these websites: american cancer society and national cancer institute (cancer.Org and cancer.Gov respectively). ...Read more

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Help please! is colon cancer hereditary?

Help please! is colon cancer hereditary?

Can be: Most colon cancers relate more to lifestyle than inheritance but some patients do have an inherited predisposition, be it in the setting of multiple polyps (like fap or myh) or not (lynch syndrome). Families with this have early onset colon cancer and other cancers as well. Talk to your doc about this to see if you need to visit a specialist in inherited malignancies. Remember to live healthy. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer generally develop?

How does colon cancer generally develop?

From polyps usually: Almost all colon cancers start off as a polyp, hence the push for colonoscopy screening looking for polyps. Only 20% of colon cancers are hereditary, meaning the rest are environmentally related to foods we eat and chemicals we are exposed too. If you are over 50 or have risl factors get regular colonoscopies. ...Read more

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I'm afraid to death I have colon cancer?

I'm afraid to death I have colon cancer?

It depends: Hi yv3tt3. Colon cancer is often diagnosed when a person has symptoms such as bleeding from the rectum or a significant change in bowel habits. Sometimes people will experience abdominal pain as well. If you have any of these symptoms, your doctor may want to order a ct scan or a colonoscopy. Thanks for using health tap! ...Read more

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How do I reduce my risk for colon cancer?

How do I reduce my risk for colon cancer?

Colonoscopy: Get regular colonoscopies starting at age 50. ...Read more

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What is the risk of getting colon cancer?

What is the risk of getting colon cancer?

Also: Personal or family history of colorectal cancer or polyps and inflammatory bowel disease, especially ulcerative colitis. Personal history of breast cancer can also increase your risk. Talk to a specialist such as a colorectal surgeon or gastroenterologist. ...Read more

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How likely is survival with colon cancer?

How likely is survival with colon cancer?

Depends on : Stage at diagnosis. Early cancers have excellent prognosis, whereas more advanced stages have poorer outlook. This is exactly why screening is important for this particular cancer. ...Read more

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What symptoms are common in colon cancer?

Some late symptoms: Are rectal bleeding or black stools (melena) depending on location of cancer, abdominal pain, distention, change in bowel habits. But these are late signs. To catch them early, you need fecal occult blood test or colonoscopy. ...Read more

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Can polps or colon cancer come on quickly?

Can polps or colon cancer come on quickly?

Not over night: Transformation of polyp to cancer takes long time in most of the cases , that is the reason surveillance colonoscopy is done couple of years later, people with low immunity the tumor growth will be will be rapid. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer affect your tissues?

How does colon cancer affect your tissues?

No effect: A small growing lesion can be present in bowel for several years and be asymptomatic. As a tumor grows and invades blood stream, it does elaborate an inhibitory molecule paralyzing the host immune system, that is mutated mitochondrial DNA. Should the lesion metastasize to liver it can obstruct bile ducts eventually compromising liver function.Colon Ca screening important. ...Read more

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What are the early symptoms of colon cancer?

What are the early symptoms of colon cancer?

Colon cancer: Symptoms of colon cancer include rectal bleeding, weight-loss, abdominal pain, and change in bowel habits. Patients may not have any symptoms at all though. ...Read more

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What are some common causes of colon cancer?

What are some common causes of colon cancer?

IBD, viruses: Colon cancer probably begins from the effect of exogenous factors on the bowel, considering that the patient does not have hereditary causes. A virus such as polyoma is probably a contributing factor along with carcinogens in the food. In addition patients with inflammatory bowel disease release, over a long period of time cytokines that can induce malignant transformation. ...Read more

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When should you get checked for colon cancer?

When should you get checked for colon cancer?

Q 5yrs: If asymptomatic most people should have colorectal screening every 5 yrs starting at age 40. If symptomatic such as with losing wt., change in bowel habit, developing a new inguinal hernia over age 40 (increased intra abdominal pressure) and evidence of blood in stool one should get checked for colon cancer which is on the increase especially in younger people. ...Read more

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What are the primary symptoms of colon cancer?

Depends on location: If right sided may present with anemia (common). If large, some patients present with obstructive symptoms that require a bowel diversion. If metastatic can present with weight loss if extensive. One of the most common is detection of blood in the stool when a physician performs a rectal exam. Many variations of presentation. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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What are the foods to avoid with colon cancer?

Red meats and: Avoid redmeats, processed and smoked foods and consume a diet with 2-25 grams of fiber per day and plenty of non caffeinated, non alcoholic fluids. If you have risk factors such as over 50 years of age aor family history or personal history get regularly scheduled colonoscopies. ...Read more

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What is a common manifestation of colon cancer?

Rectal bleeding: Rectal bleeding and or abdominal pain are common symtoms but most early colon cancers are asymptomatic. So the best way to check for colon cancer is to do screening tests to check the inside of the colon by means of colonoscopy or a barium enema study. ...Read more

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Can ecstasy increase your risk for colon cancer?

No: This has not been documented. Ecstasy obviously has other very serious health detriments. ...Read more

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What are risk factors involved with colon cancer?

What are risk factors involved with colon cancer?

Risks: Risks of any cancer is that it grows or spreads to other organs. Colon cancer has risks of bleeding, intestinal blockage, cancer spreading to lymph nodes or to other organs, intestinal perforation if neglected long enough. ...Read more

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Is it possible for me to tell if I have colon cancer!?

Is it possible for me to tell if I have colon cancer!?

If you have: Bleeding, or a family history, colonoscopy might be indicated. If you are just worried, a stool test can detect secret blood (guaiac), and that would be an indicator to get colonoscopy if positive. These stool tests are cheap and helpful, but endoscopy is expensive and not a casual test. ...Read more

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What in the diet may reduce the risk for colon cancer?

Theories: Theories on colon cancer prevention are primarily based on healthy diet and lifestyle. Exercise more. Do not smoke. Avoid obesity, fatty foods, excess red meats, processed meats. Increase fruits, vegetables, high fiber foods. Yearly check up with your doctor. Have colonoscopy after age 50. ...Read more

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How does my dr know for sure I don't have colon cancer?

How does my dr know for sure I don't have colon cancer?

Has he/she looked?: While the great majority of colorectal cancers take years to arise from polyps, there are a few situations in which cancers develop faster, and may not go the polyp route. These include inflammatory bowel disease and some family genetic dosorders, like lynch syndrome. Talking with your doctor will help determine your risk level for colorectal cancer. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: colon cancer?

What is the definition or description of: colon cancer?

Colon is the: Final few yards of your intestine, between the terminal ileum (small bowell) and rectum. It squeezes water and solidifies waste to stool. It is subject to outpouching (divertics) polyps, and these can become cancers. The cells are abnormal, invade into the muscle and travel to nodes or organs. ...Read more

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What are the chances of good survival with colon cancer?

Depends on stage: Early stage colon cancer can be cured. Colon cancer can be mostly prevented through colonoscopy examinations starting at age 50, earlier if there is family history of colon cancer. ...Read more

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There is colon cancer in my family. What are some signs?

There is colon cancer in my family. What are some signs?

Change in bowel habi: Most common and early sign is change in bowel habit and abdominal discofort.And blood in the stool early cases no symptoms with serong family history colonoscopy recommended at age 40 or 10 years before the age immediate family member was diagnosed if known, if normal repeat every5 years. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is colon cancer and its symptoms?

See below: Colon cancer is one of the commonest cancers and affects the large intestine. Almost all colon cancers start as polyps. A few are due to genetic defects, most are sporadic. Early colon cancer does not have symptoms. Later there may be blood in stool, change in bowel habits, weight loss and intestinal obstruction. See this site for more info. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/colon-cancer/ds00035. ...Read more

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Im freaking out! i think I have colon cancer! what do I do?

Im freaking out! i think I have colon cancer! what do I do?

Don't freak out: Firstly, while it is possible to have colon cancer at age 34, it is very unlikely. Colon cancer is usually without symptoms until the tumor blocks the colon, and usually in retrospect patients most commonly note a change in bowel habits. See your doctor for a check up. May need referral to a gastroenterologist for a colonoscopy to take a look inside the colon. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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How is colon cancer usually treated (if it's caught early)?

How is colon cancer usually treated (if it's caught early)?

Surgery : Surgical removal of the tumor. Additional chemo only if warranted based on the stage of the cancer. ...Read more

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What are the causes of colon cancer and how does it develop?

What are the causes of colon cancer and how does it develop?

Unknown: Uncertain as to what exactly causes any cancer, which is non-stop cell growth. Some risks are genetic, some are related to obesity, eating too much fatty foods, eating too much meat and not enough fruits and fibers, cigarette smoking, etc. ...Read more

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Are there ways to reduce the risk of developing colon cancer?

Perhaps: There are genetic and environment risks to colon cancer. Obviously genetics can't be changed at this point. Risks that can be avoided include smoking and eating a western style diet (high fat, low fiber). Being overweight increases the risk of colon cancer. Smoking is probably the biggest factor as it can double the risk of colon cancer. ...Read more

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Is it possible to have colon cancer and only pain as symptom?

Yes, anything is: Possible, but usually patients with abdominal pain from colon cancer report weight loss, intermittent rectal bleeding or black stools, change in bowel habits, when questioned carefully. ...Read more

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Can you please discuss the of the signs you have colon cancer?

Can you please discuss the of the signs you have colon cancer?

Maybe none: Early colon cancer will have no symptoms or signs. Later colon cancer can have rectal bleeding, change in bowel habits making loose or small bowel movements. Later colon blockage or obstruction can occur. ...Read more

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
1 doctor agreed:
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Can you tell me how to tell if I have the signs of colon cancer?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
1 doctor agreed:

Colon ca: In many cases, small cancer in the colon is found from the screening colonsocopy. When the cancer is small-usually no significant symptoms there. When the mass is bigger-symptoms like changing in bowel movement-constipation/diarrhea, thinning of the stool caliber, blood in the stool, abdominal pain, weight loss can happen. Iron deficiency anemia is noted quite frequently on initial presentation. ...Read more

Staging (Definition)

Many diseases have specific treatments based on their severity. A disease can have certain criteria to determine their severity and applying this criteria to determine how advanced the disease state is called staging. Most commonly this is applied to cancer, and be determining how far the cancer has spread locally and/or to distant sites a stage of cancer can be ...Read more


Dr. Mark Fisher
13 doctors shared insights

Colon (Definition)

The colon is another term for the large intestine. This is the final portion of the digestive system, responsible for absorbing water and storing stool before evacuation. It is divided into sections described as cecum; ascending, transverse, descending and ...Read more