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Doctor insights on: Colon Cancer Overview

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Colon cancer or colorectal cancer, what's the difference?

Colon cancer or colorectal cancer, what's the difference?

Location: Cancers that arise from the epithelium of the large intestine are similar in most ways whether they are in the colon or rectum. Discussions of "colon cancer" unspecified usually mean "colorectal" unless stated otherwise. Usage, including by me, is often sloppy. ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,344 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Are breast cancer and colon cancer linked?

Are breast cancer and colon cancer linked?

Not directly usually: There is debate about how closely these 2 cancers are related. Both have hereditary natures and are more common generally in obese patients. Both often begin with more benign precursor lesions like dcis for breast cancer and benign polyps for colon cancer. Both are very common but there is little evidence that having either predisposes to having the other. ...Read more

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Large intestinal cancer. Is that colon cancer?

Large intestinal cancer. Is that colon cancer?

Yes: The large intestine and the colon are words to describe the same anatomic structure in the abdomen. ...Read more

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What causes colon cancer?

What causes colon cancer?

Very complicated: Monoclonal theory says that just like we are a living thing, we are born, we have jobs to do and then we die, each cell has a similar cycle of birth, life, and death. Cancer occurs when a cell develops so many mutations that it does not follow that cycle and does not die but can still divide itself and hides from our immune system which is there to detect abnormal cells and destroy them. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Can be: The fastest-growers are the ones that follow genetic pathways associated with the lynch loci. They may not even be preceded by a polyp -- colonoscopy can be clean one year, and a year later, there's a cancer. That's actually quite fast as cancers go. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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Colorectal cancer causes?

Colorectal cancer causes?

Heredity & diet: The cause is not known in most cases. In a small number the cause is clearly heredity, e.g., apc and hnpcc. In the garden variety colon cancer, a diet low in fiber and rich in fats may increase the risk of cancer. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer and olvarian cancer often related?

Is colon cancer and olvarian cancer often related?

No: Colon Cancer is induced for the most part in non hereditary disease by viral transfection. The most common organism is the polyoma virus. Ovarian cancer is not derived from this viral event. Colon cancer begins in the mucosa of the bowel where ovarian Ca is an epithelial disease similar to that of peritoneal carcinomatosis. The only relationship is when colon metastasizes to ovary. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer curable?

Is colon cancer curable?

Yes: Yes. Many people are cured with colon cancer. If found early surgery alone may be curable. If more advanced (eg, lymph node involvement or metastatic = spread to areas outside of colon), then chemotherapy may be needed. While less likely, even a few % of people with metastatic colon ca may be cured. ...Read more

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How are anal cancer and colon cancer different?

How are anal cancer and colon cancer different?

See below: Anus is about 3-4 cm long from skin to the rectum which is the last part of colon. Colon is lined by columnar lining and cancer of this is very common and runs in families. Cancer arising in the anal skin which is squamous kind is more like skin cancer. Treatment is very different as is prognosis. ...Read more

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How are colon cancer and intestinal cancer different?

How are colon cancer and intestinal cancer different?

Can be the same: The intestines are a group of structures including stomach, small intestine and large intestine (which is the colon). Cancers can form in any of these sites, but large intestine (colon) cancer is most common. So colon cancer is a type of intestinal cancer. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer genetic?

Sometimes: Some colon cancers are related to specific genetic mutations but the majority are not. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer fatal?

Is colon cancer fatal?

Not Necessarily: It depends on the stage at diagnosis and the treatment obtained. ...Read more

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Dysphagia and chemotherapy for colon cancer?

Dysphagia and chemotherapy for colon cancer?

It depends ... : Dysphagia is a common side effect with many chemo therapeutic regimens. Some treatments can decrease a patient's ability to fight off fungal and bacterial overgrowth in the mouth and digestive systems. The diagnosis of this isn't usually difficult and can in many cases be treated with medications. ...Read more

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Cancer of rectum?

Cancer of rectum?

Yes: Yes, it is possible to get cancer of the rectum, and this can be a serious condition. If you have concerns about this you should get evaluated. To prevent, consider exercise, a healthy diet, a healthy weight, eating plenty of green vegetables, and getting regular screening. Symptoms like these deserve a full evaluation in person by your health care provider. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer preventable?

For the most part.: Early detection via colonosocpy, not ignoring symptoms such as bleeding, change in bowels, anemia, unintentional weight loss, and not assuming all rectal bleeding is from hemorrhoids are some ways to reduce your chances and maybe prevent colon cancer from developing. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer differ from intestinal cancer?

How does colon cancer differ from intestinal cancer?

Colon more specific: The intestinal tract is composed of the small intestine, large intestine or colon, and rectum. Virtually all cancers of this system arise in the colon and rectum, with cancers of the small intestine exceedingly rare. Therefore, intestinal cancer generally refers to colon or rectal cancer, which is more anatomically specific. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of cancer that occurs. ...Read more

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Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more

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What stage of colon cancer is polyp?

What stage of colon cancer is polyp?

Pre-cancerous: Polyp only means a grape like structure protruding into the lumen of an organ. Some cancers appear polypoid. Histologically confirmed benign polyp, by a pathologist, is a pre-cancerous lesion. ...Read more

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What is colon cancer?

What is colon cancer?

Cancer of the colon: Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). There are estimated 103, 170 (colon); 40, 290 (rectal) new cases and 51, 690 (colon and rectal combined) deaths from colon cancer in us in 2012. Screening with colonoscopy started at age of 50. ...Read more

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What is colon cancer?

Cancers: Cancers are abnormal, rapidly growing cells that do not know when to stop growing. These abnormal cells can damage local tissues, can attach to nearby organs or structures, can spread to lymph nodes, or can spread to other organs through the blood stream. Their growth damages what they are attached to, and often cancers encourage new blood flow to themselves. Cancer can grow in the colon. ...Read more

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If a colon needs to be removed because of colon cancer are their alternatives to a external bag?

If a colon needs to be removed because of colon cancer are their alternatives to a external bag?

Bag is rarely needed: Colostomy( external bag ) is rarely needed for elective cancer surgery. It is more frequently used if the cancer is located very close to the anus, Also, a temporary colostomy may be used for emergency surgery when cancer is obstructing colon completely and the bowel cannot be cleaned prior to the surgery. ...Read more

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What is colon cancer?

Cancer of the colon: Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids). There are estimated 103, 170 (colon); 40, 290 (rectal) new cases and 51, 690 (colon and rectal combined) deaths from colon cancer in us in 2012. Screening with colonoscopy started at age of 50. ...Read more

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What is colon cancer?

Cancers: Cancers are abnormal, rapidly growing cells that do not know when to stop growing. These abnormal cells can damage local tissues, can attach to nearby organs or structures, can spread to lymph nodes, or can spread to other organs through the blood stream. Their growth damages what they are attached to, and often cancers encourage new blood flow to themselves. Cancer can grow in the colon. ...Read more

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Colon cancer any signs?

Colon cancer any signs?

Not always: Colon cancer tends to not have any signs or symptoms when it is early (when it is easiest to treat). That is why screening colonoscopies are so important, to remove any polyps that may become cancer, and to directly look for cancers. Colon cancer can cause bleeding from the rectum, tiredness from anemia, stool changes, or abdominal pain. Other things can cause this too. Best to be seen if ?S. ...Read more

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Does colon cancer hurt?

Does colon cancer hurt?

Usually not: Early stages of colon cancer often have no symptoms. Colon cancer has long developmental stages starting out as polyps and can take yrs to develop, hence screening colonoscopy is done every 10 yrs for normal folks. Polyps can be removed during colonoscopy. Advanced cancer can cause pain by obstructing bowel, spread to liver, bone, brain, lung etc. See doc regulalry. Good luck. ...Read more

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What cures colon cancer ?

What cures colon cancer
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Early detection!: The best thing that improves the chances of curing colon cancer is early detection. So preventive health care and screening are key. All adults should have a colonoscopy at age 50 to look for cancers or early cancers, usually as polyps. If you have a strong family history or certain conditions it is recommended you get earlier screening.Once detected, colon ca usually is cured by surgery, or drugs. ...Read more

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What causes colon cancer?

Very complicated: Monoclonal theory says that just like we are a living thing, we are born, we have jobs to do and then we die, each cell has a similar cycle of birth, life, and death. Cancer occurs when a cell develops so many mutations that it does not follow that cycle and does not die but can still divide itself and hides from our immune system which is there to detect abnormal cells and destroy them. ...Read more

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Can this be colon cancer?

Not enough info: Colon cancer can present with or without symptoms. Common symptoms include change in stool caliber/consistency, rectal bleeding or blood with bm, abdominal pain, anemia. If you have not been screened, you should consider the various screening options for colon cancer, includine a stool test to check for blood, colonoscopy, or sigmoidoscopy. If you are having bleeding, you need a colonoscopy. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer begin?

Polyps.: Polyps (adenomas) are small, benign masses that can form within the colon. The life cycle of the mucus membranes of the colon becomes disrupted, either from genetic or environmental reasons, causing growth of polyps. If polyp growth continues abnormally, they have the potential to develop into an invasive lesion and become cancerous. ...Read more

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How does colon cancer spread?

How does colon cancer spread?

Lymph nodes: Lymph nodes are the way colon cancer cells usually escape the colon. It can grow through the colon into the surroundings. Finally it can move from lymph nodes into the blood stream that flows to the liver. When the colon is examined, and if lymph nodes are involved, chemotherapy is recommended. ...Read more

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How to know if colon cancer ?

Get tested: There are many tests that have been developed to test either a patient with concerning symptoms or just as a routine screening exam in an a symptomatic patient. Each individual situation is different. Testing stool for blood or now genetic abnormalities, rectal exam, X-rays such as barium enema or ct scan virtual colonoscopy are examples. Best is colonoscopy as you can both look and do. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer fast-growing?

Can be: The fastest-growers are the ones that follow genetic pathways associated with the lynch loci. They may not even be preceded by a polyp -- colonoscopy can be clean one year, and a year later, there's a cancer. That's actually quite fast as cancers go. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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How is colon cancer inherited?

How is colon cancer inherited?

Genes: Most colon cancers are not inherited. However, there is a subset which is associated with inherited genetic abnormalities such as hereditary polyposis a this hereditary non polyposis gene (hnpp). There are also syndromes that make you susceptible to a variety of different cancers including colon cancer such as lynch syndrome. ...Read more

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Can children get colon cancer?

Can children get colon cancer?

Yes: Usually adult children. The youngest patient I have seen in my practice with a family history of colon cancer, was first diagnosed at age 18. ...Read more

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39 old enough for colon cancer?

Yes: But not that common unless you have increased inherited risk factors. ...Read more

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What is terminal Colon cancer ?

What is terminal
Colon cancer ?

Stage IV: When the cancer has metastasized to other organs and there is no controlling it by medical or surgical means ...Read more

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Whats the signs of colon cancer?

Whats the signs of colon cancer?

None really...: In the majority of patients (over 80%), colon cancer is silent. Symptoms and signs of altered stool pattern or appearance, weight loss, blood in the stool are often late manifestations of advanced disease. Unfortunately, these signs are nonspecific, and can present with many other GI issues--so don't freak out if you are experiencing them. Just get checked. ...Read more

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Could it be I have colon cancer?

Could it be I have colon cancer?

Any symptoms?: It is very rare that you would at your age, but our med school had a scholarship named for a 26yr old med student who passed from colon cancer. If you are having symptoms, such as bleeding with bowel movements, unexplained pain or pressure, weight loss, or have a family history, or have other issues like inflammatory bowel disease, see your doc for some easy tests and go from there. Best of luck! ...Read more

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Dr. Gregory Moneta
13 doctors shared insights

Colon (Definition)

The colon is another term for the large intestine. This is the final portion of the digestive system, responsible for absorbing water and storing stool before evacuation. It is divided into sections described as cecum; ascending, transverse, descending and ...Read more


Dr. Thomas Inwood
12 doctors shared insights

Colonic (Definition)

This is a combining term referring to some condition, treatment or disease of the colon. Such as colonic enema, colonic ...Read more