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Doctor insights on: Chronic Myeloid Leukamia

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What is chronic myeloid leukemia?

What is chronic myeloid leukemia?

Marrow cancer: CML is a marrow malignancy characterized by excessive number of white blood cells with various degrees of maturation. Most CML patients have deficient number of red cells and platelets. CML responds dramatically to oral agents called tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Examples are Gleevec and Sprycel (dasatinib). ...Read more

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What is chronic myelogenous leukemia?

What is chronic myelogenous leukemia?

A blood cancer: CML is a blood cancer that develops slowly (hence chronic). If untreated it will eventually be life threatening. It is associated a unique chromosomal injury, the philadelphia chromosome. New drugs (tkis) target this damage and reliably produce remissions in early stage patients that often are long lasting. ...Read more

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How is acute myeloid leukemia different from chronic lymphoma leukemia?

How is acute myeloid leukemia different from chronic lymphoma leukemia?

Different cell type: Leukemias typically originate when one of the white blood cell types starts multiplying out of control and preventing the normal cells from doing their job. There are many types of white blood cells and the subtype of leukemia or lymphoma or myeloma depends on which subtype is out of control. ...Read more

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Dangers of chronic myelogenous leukemia?

Can be fatal: This is a disease that was associated with a shortened life span. The discovery of a specific cancer cell mutation and medications that attack that mutation have dramatically affected the outcome. This is now a disease that people can live for many years and be functional and productive. ...Read more

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What's acute myeloid leukemia?

What's acute myeloid leukemia?

See links: For a nice overview of aml, see the following pages at the national cancer institute. For adult: http://www.Cancer.Gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adultaml/patient for pediatric: http://www.Cancer.Gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/childaml/patient. ...Read more

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Aml acute myeloid leukemia is what?

Aml acute myeloid leukemia is what?

AML is a cancer.....: Of the bone marrow (actually a group of cancers) whose precise causes are unknown, but about which we know considerable molecular detail and are learning more each day. The disease arises from the hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells in the bone marrow when these cells acquire mutations that allow them to escape controls on growth and apoptosis. Subtype info is found on the nci website. ...Read more

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What causes acute myelogenous leukemia?

What causes acute myelogenous leukemia?

DNA mutations: Leukemias occur due to mutations in dna. Many mutations have been linked to aml, however, the cause for most of the mutations remains unclear. Known risks include radiation exposure and certain chemical exposure. ...Read more

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What is chronic myelogenous leukemia (cml)?

What is chronic myelogenous leukemia (cml)?

White cell cancer: The bone marrow cells that produce granulocytes (needed to fight infections) grow out of control and are present in large numbers in the blood and other organs. The disease is quite treatable these days because of targeted therapy and long lasting remissions are possible in most people. ...Read more

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Is acute myeloid leukemia harmful?

Yes! AML can kill.: Acute myeloid leukemia can be very aggressive. Generally it is treated at major clinical centers with a lot of expertise in leukemia especially at first. AML is seen in both children and adults. I would recommend that if either you or a family member is diagnosed with this to seek out a center of excellence. ...Read more

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What is acute myeloid leukemia (aml)?

What is acute myeloid leukemia (aml)?

Bone marrow cancer: White blood cells live and grow in the bone marrow and enter the blood stream where they travel throughout the body to fight infection. If these cells become cancerous, they grow out of control choking out the normal blood cells in the bone marrow and leaving the person vulnerable to infection, bleeding and anemia because there are not enough normal cells. All ages get AML but usually younger. ...Read more

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Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
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What percent of leukemias does acute myeloid leukemia represent?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
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AML: AML is the most common acute leukemia in adults and accounts for approximately 80 % of cases in this group. In us and europe, the incidence has been stable at 3 to 5 cases per 100, 000 population. In contrast, AML accounts for less than 10 % of acute leukemias in children less than 10 years of age. ...Read more

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Chronic sinusitis and chronic lymphocytic leukemia--not good together?

Low IgG?: agreed. Frequent bacterial infection associated with CLL may be due to hypogammaglobulinemia (Low amount of antibodies, also called low IgG). That's treatable with monthly infusion of IVIG (intravenous immune globulin). Discuss with hematologist/oncologist. ...Read more

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How can chronic myelogenous leukemia cause hepatomegaly?

Infiltration: The speen does enlarge in this disease. The causes include direct inflitration. Another is production of other blood elements (extramedullary hematopoesis) in the speen in response to either replacement of the marrow with CML or scar. The scarring is called myelofibrosis. ...Read more

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Chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (cll) is cll terminal? Is there a cure?

Chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (cll) is cll terminal? Is there a cure?

See below...: Chronic lymphoblastic leukemia does not exist. Cll stands for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Lymphoblastic leukemias are acute.The only known complete cure for cll is stem cell transplantation; however, many patients do not need any form of therapy unless there are symptoms or adverse prognostic factors. Cll is usually not an aggressive form of leukemia and has a relatively good prognosis overall. ...Read more

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Is revlimid (lenalidomide) effective for acute myelogenous leukemia?

Is revlimid (lenalidomide) effective for acute myelogenous leukemia?

Possibly: If the leukemia develops out of a myelodysplasia and has evidence of a 5q-, then possibly. But, the results are mediocre at best. Not curative by any stretch but could possibly slow the leukemia down for a short time. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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What is acute myeloid leukemia is?

Marrow malignancy: AML is a bone marrow malignancy characterized by uncontrolled growth of leukemic cells in the bone marrow. It leads to very high white blood cell counts, anemia and thrombocytopenia (low platelets). It is rapidly fatal without prompt diagnosis and treatment. It can be cured in up to about 40% of people. ...Read more

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What's the genotype of chronic myelogenous leukemia?

9-22 translocation: A portion of chromosome 9 is tranferred to chromosome 22...When a cytogeneticist looks at this...They see the characteristic "philodephia chromosome" named after the city where the research was conducted. ...Read more

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What is the difference between acute myeloid leukemia vs acute lymphocytic leukemia?

Types of cells: White blood cells are different with different mechanisms to pretect body from infections. Acute myeloid leukemia arise from a type of white cells called myeloid series or neutophils, cut lymphoblastic leukemiaa arise from lymph type of white cells. These two types of leukemia have different treatments and the outcome or expectations are very different, none is better than the other in general. ...Read more