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Doctor insights on: Cholera History

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Primary symptoms of typhoid , measeles, influenza.

Primary symptoms of typhoid , measeles, influenza.

Way too much for 400: Characters or less. Check these sites. Measles: http://www.Nlm.Nih.Gov/medlineplus/measles.Html. Thphoid: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0002308/. Influenza: http://www.Nlm.Nih.Gov/medlineplus/flu.Html. Seek medical care if you are trying to diagnose your symptoms. ...Read more

Cholera (Definition)

A dangerous intestinal infection caused by consuming food or water contaminated with a bacteria (Vibrio cholerae) that can lead to severe dehydration or death. Cholera causes such watery diarrhea, that it has been described ...Read more


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If there is past family history of 2 deaths from bowel perforation (1 colonoscopy, 1 cdif) could there be increased risk for other family members?

If there is past  family history of 2 deaths from bowel perforation (1 colonoscopy, 1 cdif) could there be increased risk for  other family members?

Not clear: If i understand what you are asking, there is no risk to have bowel perforation because others had it. Specially from a colonoscopy. Cdiff is an infection and the only risk is to get the infection from the relative that had it. ...Read more

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What causes an influenza epidemic?

What causes an influenza epidemic?

Epidemic/ pandemic: Per the CDC "An influenza pandemic can occur when a non-human (novel) influenza virus gains the ability for efficient and sustained human-to-human transmission and then spreads globally. " See: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/ ...Read more

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What U.S. states have cases of cyclospora virus?

What U.S. states have cases of cyclospora virus?

Cyclospora: Cyclospora is a single-celled parasite that causes an intestinal infection. As of mid 2014, cyclospora outbreaks have been reported in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York (and New York City), Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Washington. ...Read more

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About how many people have died of epidemic typhus throughout history?

Billions: From wwi backwards, probably more soldiers died of epidemic typhus than from combat in each war. It is the classical pale horseman of the apocalypse. ...Read more

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Who discovered cholera bacillus?

Who discovered cholera bacillus?

Philip Pacini: However, his work wasn't well known until Robert Koch shared it with the world. ...Read more

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Have shingles without history of chickenpox?

Have shingles without history of chickenpox?

It happens: Data show as many as 95% of adults who think they never had chickenpox have blood evidence they did. It can also happen if they received the vaccine at any time. ...Read more

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Has HIV testing been remove from all embassys or immigration medical exam forms?

Has HIV testing been remove from all embassys or immigration medical exam forms?

Immigration exams: According to current USCIS guidelines, immigration physicals performed within the United States do not require HIV testing. However, an immigration doctor might recommend this test if other results (such as STD screening) come back positive or the patient has other risk factors. Please contact USCIS directly for information on medical requirements abroad. ...Read more

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Chf of unknown ethi & ef @ 10% no other med conditions. No recent viral infection. Any advice as for cause and chances of full recovery? 41 yo male

Chf of unknown ethi & ef @ 10% no other med conditions. No recent viral infection. Any advice as for cause and chances of full recovery? 41 yo male

Idiopathic: Check for chagas. Most often no etiology is found. There is hope for recover if transient myocarditis. You must take medications which inculde Coreg (carvedilol) and ace/arb. Coenzyme q10 400 mg per day naturally might help. Start a gentle doctor prescribed exercise program- very gentle. Keep the spirits high. Hopefully whatever caused it will reverse. Good luck. ...Read more

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Any idea why a 34yo f w/ no history of clots, smoking, htn, drugs, oral cont, trauma, recent surg, illness. Has sudden onset n dev 2 pulm emboli at once.

Any idea why a 34yo f w/ no history of clots, smoking, htn, drugs, oral cont, trauma, recent surg, illness. Has sudden onset n dev 2 pulm emboli at once.

Thrombophilia: It is possible that the patient has a preexisting condition (either inherited or acquired) that makes her at higher risk to develop a clot (thrombophilia) like a pulmonary embolism (pe). Blood tests should be performed in consultation with a hematologist. She does have many risk factors for a clot (smoking, ocp, trauma, surgery, ill), but a pe in a 34 yo is uncommon. ...Read more

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Possibility of stomach cancer at 18 years age? No family history of cancer, no alcohol, no tobacoo.

Possibility of stomach cancer at 18 years age? No family history of cancer, no alcohol, no tobacoo.

Very unlikely: If you have some symptoms, problems or dietary changes- talk to your family doc or see an internist. They can help you determine the problem. Cancer in an 18 yo is so unlikely without risk factors, it's as close to zero as it can get. Risks include diet, nationality, certain prior illnesses. Discuss all this w pcp. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer common for 36 year old male with no family history?

Is colon cancer common for 36 year old male with no family history?

No: Colon cancer is at your age of 36 is 0.25%(2.5 chances in 1000)over the next 10 years ,9.2 chances in 1000 over next 20 yrs. So the answer is it is very RARE for your age.If you are having colon symptoms see your doctor.Good luck. ...Read more

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Hiv just diagnosed in family member/ need answers, life expectancy, etc?

Hiv just diagnosed in family member/ need answers, life expectancy, etc?

Book suggestion: That's too much to discuss in the limited space available here. At the risk of pushing my own book, i'd suggest you read "100 questions and answers about HIV and aids, " which is written for exactly this situation. ...Read more

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Typhoid infected blood transfusion causes severe stomach issue?

Typhoid infected blood transfusion causes severe stomach issue?

Salmonella: Salmonella typhi infection can cause gastrointestinal symptoms. How did you know the blood that was transfused is infected? ...Read more

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Had 2 abnormal labs, GDR was51, lymphs was 18.4.. Significant family history for late onset leukemia, father and kidney disease, twin sister. What nex?

Had 2 abnormal labs, GDR was51, lymphs was 18.4.. Significant family history for late onset leukemia, father and kidney disease, twin sister. What nex?

Lab results: The GFR of 51 is an estimated value. The normal range for GFR is 60 to 120. After age 60, a person's GFR will slowly decline. Your estimated GFR of 51 may simply be an aging change. It may reflect very mild disease, alternatively. A urine sample to check for cells and protein will help. What kind of kidney disease exists in twin sister? ...Read more

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