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Doctor insights on: Chloroplast Cell

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Can you tell me how chloroplasts and mitochondria permit a flow of energy through the world of living things?

Homework: Physicians, like parents, do not do your homework for you. Read the chapter and answer the question for your assignment yourself. ...Read more

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What binds to mast cells and causes them to degranulate?

What binds to mast cells and causes them to degranulate?

Amongst others, IgE: IgE is an antibody that binds to the mast cell surface (aka "allergy antibody"). Its binding to an allergen causes the mast cell to deganulate. Non-IgE molecules can also cause mast cells to degranulate or just lower the threshold level for degranulation. These include signalling molecules (cytokines/hormones), drugs such as narcotics and NSAIDS, neuropeptides, tissue injury and microbes/toxins ...Read more

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What are T cells?

What are T cells?

Type of lymphocyte: When lymphocytes were first recognized as a small population of the white blood cells, Bob Good divided them into T and B cells. The T cells were matured in the Thymus and the B cells in the Bursa of Fabricius found in the chicken. The B cells produce antibody andthe T cells contain cells ie. Th 1, making IL2 and the Th2 IL 10. The TH 1 targets bacteria and viruses. ...Read more

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What is burr cell?

What is burr cell?

A burr cell: Is a red blood cell with an irregular cellular membrane. It is associated with a change in the lipid (fat) content of the membrane, often in the setting of liver disease. ...Read more

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What do T cells do?

What do T cells do?

Lymphocytes: T cells, different types, master the specific immune system, while B cells mainly produce different types of antibodies, under the the control T cells, to fight invading microorganisms and/or invading antigens, just simply put for a very complex system (the immune system) ...Read more

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Abnormal cell growth

Abnormal cell growth

See below: These are symptoms that could be potentially serious. Yous should discuss these with your physician. He/she will thoroughly evaluate you and let you know what's going on. ...Read more

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Helper t cells do what?

Helper t cells do what?

Manage immunity: Helper T cells are unit commanders that instruct soldiers on the front lines. They help B cells secrete protective antibodies. They help "killer" T cells attack infected cells. They also influence the "flavor" of the immune response to favor more of an allergic-type response versus more of a flu-like response. They are CD4 positive cells that are destroyed in HIV/AIDS leading to immunodeficiency. ...Read more

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What causes agus cells?

What causes agus cells?

Pap smear?: Are you referring to a Pap smear result of AGUS- "atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance"? If so, this is a cytologic description/category of Pap smear results. Basically the pathologist is saying there are some glandular cells that don't look " quite right". You should see your gynecologist who will most likely perform an exam called a colposcopy- basically looking at your cervix ...Read more

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What causes burr cells?

What causes burr cells?

Disease and artifact: Burr cells are red cells with abnormal shape and may be due to kidney failure or enzyme deficiency. These may also be artifacts. See this site for more info. http://www.medialabinc.net/spg28876/burr_cells_echinocytes.aspx. ...Read more

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What is d cell lymphoma?

What is d cell lymphoma?

T cell lymphoma?: I think you mean t cell lymphoma, a cancer of t cells or thymocytes that can cause lymph gland enlargement, low blood counts, fevers, and sweats. A particular subtype is gamma-delta (the greek letter for d) hepatosplenic lymphoma, which could also be what you're referring to. A good source of information is the leukemia & lymphoma society of america's website. ...Read more