Doctor insights on:
Chiari 4 Malformation
Likely congenital: Typically found coincidentally when images obtained for very different purpose. Almost always present from birth, but on rare occasions can expand, but usually without mass effect. May be of value periodically to repeat scans to ascertain absence of issues. ...Read more
Post fusion 2009: now l4-5 right facet joint arthrosis, severe neural foriminal stenosis with some compression. Surgery needed?
MRA report. Nonvisualization right A1 &P1 segment. Rt anterior cerebral artery. Congenital or acquired occlusion. What does this mean ?
MRA report: The correct thing to do is to ask the physician who ordered the test to explain the findings to you ...Read more
What kind: I am unfamiliar with also pressure hydrocephalus- did you spell the type correctly? For most causes of hydrocephalus, the type determines the treatment and forecast. The diabetes-how long, level of control, other vascular issues, and meds also figure in to the forecast you are seeking. Too complicated for this format. ...Read more
Age 39 Smoker Male, Blood Sugar Normal; TIA Stroke 1 week back.Taking Ecosprin AV75. MRI Brain: Tiny ischemic foci on both froantal lobe. Any risk?
Mri- c5-6 there is apparent central bony bar abutting the ventral cervical cord. What does this mean?
May mean nothing : The bar is a bone spur. Caused by disc degeneration at that level. It is a common finding and may not mean anything clinically. The important question is whether or not there is actual spinal cord compression. Per your question, it sounds as if the spinal canal is narrowed a bit (stenosis), but there is not any spinal cord compression. Frequently, pt and traction can be of benefit. ...Read more
MVP: Marfan's syndrome is a genetic connective tissue disorder. People with marfan's are unusually tall, with long limbs, long thin fingers. The most serious complications are defects of the heart valves (like mitral valve prolapse) and aorta (aneurysms-dilation). Aortic root measurements greater than 1 1/2 times normal are worrisome (average 4cm or greater). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hcg level 4/14 1299, 4/16 1288, 4/21 1490 & transvaginal ultrasounds on 4/14 & 4/21 show irregularly shaped fluid collection & no signs of pregnant ideas?
Miscarriage: What you have is an abnormal pregnancy - a miscarriage. Bleeding will begin, but it may take a few weeks more. You can't do anything yourself to make a miscarriage happen, and you can't do anything to stop one. About 1 in every 5 pregnancies miscarried - usual when there is something wrong with baby. ...Read more
Routine scan showed lack of fluid in csp- cerebral dysgenesis was noted- Is this cerebral palsy indicator?
Confusing question: Cerebral Palsy is a pattern of impaired movement and posture related to an injury to the brains motor cortex that occurred during development.Cerebral dysgenisis is just a label for poorly developed areas of brain,possibly from injury . CP would be the expected outcome if the dysgenisis effected the motor areas of the brain, while it would not if the motor area was not involved. ...Read more
I've had 4 ekgs, 2 stress, 6 holters, mri, cat 4 echos. Are these enough test see if structrallu normal? What could be causing multifocal pvcs?
Too many: I hope that all these tests were not ordered by the same physician, at least not within a short time. The repeated tests you list, if all normal, are more than enough to definitively exclude structural heart disease. "multifocal pvcs", in-and-of-themselves, are not life - threatening. They need treatment only if they cause troubling symptoms, or if there is underlying heart disease. See an ep doc. ...Read more
What does this mean? L-5 s-1 there is central disc protrusion which contacts the thecal sac and bilateral facet degenerative change thickening flavum
Disc & Facet Issues: Looks like by the verbage you gave, your MRI suggests that you have disc herniation at L5/S1. "Central" just means in the middle of the spinal canal,"bilateral facet degenerative change thickening flavum" suggests arthritis of the facet joint and the ligament that protects the spine is thickened due to that arthritis. Protrusion is just another name for a herniation. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
I had a L4-L5 left hemilaminectomy. 6 mo post-op MRI "Residual or recurrent moderate focal L subarticular protrusion-extrusion". Have L-radiculopathy.
Can a pinched nerve of the L4, L5, S1, or S2 (racepinephrine) cause difficulty passing stool, i.e., rectum/sphincter won't relax/function properly?
?cauda equina syndr.: If you possess a large ruptured disk in the lower back which compresses multiple nerve roots, or if you have lumbar stenosis, this could affect both bowel and bladder, but a localized pinched nerve at the root level otherwise will have not influence on bowel dysfnctn. ...Read more
Are multiple MRIs w/out contrast safe? I've had 4 in the past 11 months (ankle, brain mra, brain mri, and another ankle). I'm concerned about exposure
MRI states: T2 hyperintensity with Semicircular Canal. What does this mean? I had 2 surgeries on my Semicircular Canal
Ab Pain: There are a few complications assoicated with peritoneal dialysis. They range form mild symptoms such as constipation or a bloated feeling. However there are more serious side effects like peritonitis (infection in the peritoneum) omentum wrapping (where parts of omentum wrap around the catheter) that require immediate medicla attention. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
2Tarlov cysts at S2 (racepinephrine) 17X15mm and 14X13mm causing scalloping of bone. Feel head and ear pressure. Need surgical removal? Any other treatment methods?
Tarlov cysts: Hello, these are benign perineural cysts or cysts in between the coverings of the nerves, usually found co-incidentally at MRI of low back. Yours are 1.7cm and 1.5cm and are small by comparison. These should not be symptomatic, let alone need surgery, your head and ear pain probably unrelated. But see an expert ~ a neuro-surgeon to ask ! thanks ...Read more
In antomy of middle ear i've read , peri sinus cells areound the sinus plate .What does sinus plate mean here ? .
Details, Details: In general, think of a plate as something relatively wide & thin like a dinner plate or the flat part of dentures (the dental plate), etc. So a sinus plate is a thin layer of bone that will separate one area from another, like the medial wall of the ethmoid sinus from the nasal area or the small thin-lined sinus air cells from the larger thin sinus plate that surrounds them to define that sinus. ...Read more
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