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Doctor insights on: Chf Heredity

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When was CHF found?

When was CHF found?

Remote in history: Long long ago patients were noted to develop swelling and shortness of breath. It was called "hydrops" and was treated with mercurial diuretics in the past before they were found to be toxic due to murcury content giving way to the new diuretics like acetazolamide, thiazides, and loop diuretics. ...Read more

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Dr. Bennett Werner
733 doctors shared insights

Congestive Heart Failure (Definition)

Congestive heart failure, otherwise known simply as heart failure, is a condition in which the heart muscle is weakened. It may be receiving inadequate blood flow, its valves might be malfunctioning or the heart muscle might have thickened or stiffened. As a result, the heart, which is a pump, cannot supply the body with sufficent oxygen and nutrients. When the left side of the heart is damaged, fluid builds up in the lungs, which results in difficulty breathing. When the right side of the heart is affected, fluid builds up in the extremities and abdomen, resulting in swelling of the legs and poor absorption of nutrients due to ...Read more


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How is CHF diagnosed?

How is CHF diagnosed?

Chf: History, physical exam, ekg, chest x-ray, echocardiogram are tools to make such a diagnosis. Primary symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, swelling in the feet or legs. ...Read more

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How can CHF be treated?

Multiple ways: Treatment can focus on 1) improving symptoms (using medications such as diuretics) or 2) treating the underlying problem (such as surgically repairing a valve) or 3) improving the function of the heart (such as a biventricular pacemaker). Factors that aggravate heart failure such as anemia or hyperthyroidism can be corrected. ...Read more

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What factors contribute to chf?

What factors contribute to chf?

Weakness of heart.: CHF is primarily caused by an issue in the heart that prevents it from being able to supply your body with the oxygen it needs. This can be caused by weakness of the heart muscle, insufficiency of a valve in the heart or a rhythm disturbance that disrupts the forward flow of blood from the heart. ...Read more

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What are the causes of rapid chf?

What are the causes of rapid chf?

CAD/BP/arrhythmia: Sudden CHF (flash pulmonary edema) is typically caused by sudden ischemia due to coronary disease, sudden valvular dysfunction (ex sudden chordal tear in mv disease, ischemic mitral regurg, endocarditis), persistent high elevations in BP (ex-renal artery stenosis), or sudden arrhythmia (example sudden rapid afib, partic if associated w valvular disease or lv dysfunction). ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of CHF like?

Chf symptoms: Classic: shortness of breath, esp when exercising or lying down. Waking up in night short of breath. Swelling in legs or abdominal bloating. Easy fatigue. ...Read more

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Have advances in management affected CHF survival?

Yes: Survival as a measure by itself and event-free, meaningful survival as a whole have improved through research and evidence-based practice of cardiology. Over the past 10 years or so, our better understanding of the disease, better medication regimen, and device therapy have made patient's survival longer and their quality of life better. ...Read more

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How is CHF fatal?

How is CHF fatal?

Breathing trouble.: CHF by itself can be fatal by causing the lungs to fill with fluid in spaces that are normally occupied by air. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide is impaired and vital organs are not properly supplied with oxygen, and they start to fail. ...Read more

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Can stress contribute to chf?

Can stress contribute to chf?

Yes: Stress, particularly long standing stress can cause pertubations to our hormonal axis. This in turn has been shown to impact the inflammatory system. Elevated inflammatory mediators and other indicators of an out of balance inflammatory system are often seen in patients with congestive heart failure (chf). Anything that can reduce stress, can be seen as a positive cardiac mediator. ...Read more

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Dr. Joseph Shen
3,283 doctors shared insights

Heart Failure (Definition)

Heart failure is a complex set of conditions in which the heart "fails" to pump a normal amount of blood with each beat. This can be due to poor squeezing function (systolic heart failure) and/or a stiff heart incapable of filling normally (diastolic heart failure). Common symptoms include swelling and trouble breathing, particularly when ...Read more


Heredity (Definition)

Heredity refers to characteristics that are passed from one generation to the next via dna, a molecule that encodes genetic information. Some inherited traits carry no clinical consequence (eye color, hair color, etc.). However, many disease states have a genetic basis where one, or both, parents contribute a defective gene that predisposes ...Read more