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Doctor insights on: Centrilobular Emphysema

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Lingular atelectasis and lung cancer relationship?

Lingular atelectasis and lung cancer relationship?

Depends: Is the lung cancer also in the lingula sometimes the cancer plugs the airway and causes distal collapse(atelectasis) also pneumonia, cancer and atelectasis are part of COPD due to smoking. ...Read more

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Dr. Austina Cho
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Copd (Definition)

COPD may include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. Chronic bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation. Bronchitis is considered chronic if you cough and produce excess mucus most days for three months in a year, two years in a row. Emphysema is a disease that damages the air sacs and/or the smallest breathing tubes in the lungs. ...Read more


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Is pulmonary fibrosis terminal?

Is pulmonary fibrosis terminal?

Not good news: Pulmonary fibrosis means that the patient has developed abnormal tissue formation (fibrosis) that affects the thin membranes separating the air sacs from the blood vessels making it harder for oxygen to cross from air to the red bleed cells. This disease usually irreversible; it is critical to have an early diagnosis and be managed at an institution and by medical staff familiar with it. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary emphysema deadly?

Is pulmonary emphysema deadly?

Yes : Depending upon severity and other comorbodities.

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Are idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cystic fibrosis the same?

Are idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cystic fibrosis the same?

No: Two completely different diseases. CF is an inherited disorder leading to failure to clear mucus and repeated infections. It does end up with fibrosis in the lungs. Idiopathic fibrosis is a disease of unknown cause where scar tissue replaces normal lung and eventually causes respiratory failure. ...Read more

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Copd leads to lung cancer?

Copd leads to lung cancer?

Unlikely: While COPD does not cause lung cancer, the factors (smoking, for example) that cause COPD can also cause lung cancer. ...Read more

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What is emphysema vs copd? Is emphysema the same as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Categories....: Copd, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is the broader category. Emphysema is one type of copd, ie emphysema falls under the category of copd. ...Read more

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What is emphysematous bullous lung disease?

What is emphysematous bullous lung disease?

COPD : Emphysema and obstructive lung disease cause air to be trapped cause air spaces to expand. They look like balloon like structures that may make breathing difficult. ...Read more

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Atypical cystic fibrosis life expectancy?

Atypical cystic fibrosis life expectancy?

Depends: Without a full exam and review of medical records and history of infections secondary to CF would be remiss in trying to become an actuarial. Go see a pulmonologist and discuss the options and likely outcomes. ...Read more

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Chest xray: hyperinflation of lung fields with relative peripheral oligaemic lung fields.Features in keeping with emphysematous change. Pls explain?

Chest xray: hyperinflation of lung fields with relative peripheral oligaemic lung fields.Features in keeping with emphysematous change. Pls explain?

COPD?: The changes described are those of air trapping seen in conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema). You have provided no health history. General advice would be not to smoke. Discuss with your doctor. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary fibrosis inherited?

Is pulmonary fibrosis inherited?

Pulmonary fibrosis: While I have not seen it commonly there are some families with a history of pulmonary fibrosis. Most of my office patients and previous fibrosis patients I have come across are the only ones in their family with fibrosis. I have one patient in my practice with several family members with progressive and ultimately fatal fibrosis. She has been evaluated at duke university with a genetic workup. ...Read more

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Chest X-ray Hyperinflamed lung and perihilar bronchitis changes are seen.No acute pulmonary or pleural disease.25 year,non smoker,Please explain findi?

Chest X-ray Hyperinflamed lung and perihilar bronchitis changes are seen.No acute pulmonary or pleural disease.25 year,non smoker,Please explain findi?

Might be normal: I obviously have to make some assumptions without seeing the films myself. First, I believe that "hyperinflated" was meant instead of hyperinflamed, as it is a more common term. It is used often when lungs appear over expanded.Although it sometimes suggests air trapping seen in asthma, or copd... It tends to be overused...and is often seen in normal people who are able to take a very Deep breath ...Read more

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Is pulmonary fibrosis the same as cystic fibrosis?

Is pulmonary fibrosis the same as cystic fibrosis?

No: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease causing abnormal functioning of the mucus glands in the lung and leading to recurrent infections. Pulmonary fibrosis is a disease of progressive scarring causing loss of alveolar units that can have a variety of causes. ...Read more

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Does lung caviation with pneumonia mean its lung cancer?

Does lung caviation with pneumonia mean its lung cancer?

Lung Cavity Causes: Not at all! differential DX of cavitation on chest x-ray: 1 caveating pneumonia: s aureus, gram-negative bacilli (klebsiella, pseudomonas, legionella), anaerobes, mycobacteria, fungi, pneumocystis. 2 septic emboli, bacterial or fungal. 3 wegener's granulomatosis or pulmonary infarction 4 infected bullae or cysts. 5 cancer: primary or secondary. Clearly, your doctor will help sort these out. ...Read more

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Is emphysema inherited?

Is emphysema inherited?

Could be rarely: Most commonly it is from smoking. But some people have Alpha 1 antitruson deficiency they can get emphysema still smoking plays a major role. ...Read more

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How are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema different?

How are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema different?

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encompasses several causes of lung obstruction often resulting in shortness of breath and wheezing. The causes include emphysema wherein the elasticity of the lung is impaired producing difficulty with exhalation. Severe emphysema can also cause low oxygen levels, heart failure, and death. ...Read more

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Are lung infiltrates common with pneumonia. Does that mean lung cancet?

Are lung infiltrates common with pneumonia.   Does that mean lung  cancet?

No: No, it does not mean lung cancer. Infiltrate is a consolidation and inflammation of infected tissue. Should get resolved with treatment. ...Read more

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Which is pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and lymphangioleiomyomatosis?

Which is pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and lymphangioleiomyomatosis?

Two different: Diseases. Lymphangiomyomatosis, (lam) is a rare lung disease of smooth muscle proliferation that typically affects young women. Usually they present with a collapsed lung (pneumothorax). Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (pap) is another rare lung disease where the lung fills with abnormal surfactant. It's usually seen in males. ...Read more

Dr. Sue Ferranti
498 doctors shared insights

Emphysema (Definition)

A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make ...Read more