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Doctor insights on: Central Disk Osteophyte Comples Effacing The Ventral Thecal Sac

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What does all this mean? C2-3 small disk osteophyte complex with ventral thecal sac deformity. C4-5 disk osteophyte complex with ventral cord flattening. C 5-6 Facet arthropathy and uncovertebral hypertrophy is severe right neural foraminal stenosis. Face

What does all this mean? C2-3 small disk osteophyte complex with ventral thecal sac deformity. C4-5 disk osteophyte complex with ventral cord flattening. C 5-6 Facet arthropathy and uncovertebral hypertrophy is severe right neural foraminal stenosis. Face

Degenerative: Basically refers to degenerative (aging) changes of the spine. Disk/osteophyte refers to bone spur and/or disc protrusion, and facet/uncovertebral hypertrophy refers to arthritis of the joints at the back part (facets) and sides (uncovertebral) of the vertebrae. Ventral thecal sac deformity and ventral cord flattening refer to slight pressure on the spinal cord. Stenosis refers to pinched nerve. ...Read more

Osteophyte (Definition)

An ostophyte is often referred 2 as a spur. In thritis as in the knee the body knows u have pain so 2 try 2 lower the #/sg in of pressure it layes more bone down 2 increase the wt bearing surface, wee c these as osteophytes, same with the hands and feet. In the foot usually the great toe. It is soft bone so a hard bump 2 them and lead 2 a small fx of ...Read more


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Female (55) C4 C5 osteophyte complex indents ventral thecal sac/lateral recess. Disc protrusion contacts/flattens ventral hemicord?

Female (55) C4 C5 osteophyte complex indents ventral thecal sac/lateral recess. Disc protrusion contacts/flattens ventral hemicord?

Not sure of your?: If you're asking about the imaging results you posted, you have a bone spur that is growing off of two of your vertebrae. It is large enough that it is pressing against your spinal cord and possibly some of the nerves that are exiting from the spinal cord. Your doctor will recommend treatment based on the severity of your symptoms. ...Read more

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What is mild spondylosis without small right para central osteophyte & a tiny central disk protrusion with significant thecal sac deformity at C3-4?

What is mild spondylosis without small right para central osteophyte & a tiny central disk protrusion with significant thecal sac deformity at C3-4?

Arthritis: Mild spondylosis = mild aging changes (aka arthritis). Tiny disc protrusion is just what it sounds like. Small right paracentral osteophyte = small bone spur just to the right. With a tiny disk protrusion, I'm betting the report says "without" significant thecal sac deformity, which means no significant pressure on the spinal cord. In a 47 yo patient, all this would be considered normal. ...Read more

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C6-C7 Broad based disc osteophyte complex with a superimposed focal central disc protrusion causing canal stenosis measuring 8.5mm. There is complete obliteration of the anterior posterior thecal sac space. There is mild anterior deformity.

C6-C7 Broad based disc osteophyte complex with a superimposed focal central disc protrusion causing canal stenosis measuring 8.5mm. There is complete obliteration of the anterior posterior thecal sac space. There is mild anterior deformity.

Pinched nerve: This is another way to say that you have a "pinched nerve" in your neck. This can potentially cause neck pain, headaches, and/or pain that radiates into the arm. Don't hesitate to be seen as there are many good treatment options. ...Read more

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What does it mean that there is generalized disk/osteophyte complex with more focal central protrusion. This causes effacement of the ventral portion?

What does it mean that there is generalized disk/osteophyte complex with more focal central protrusion. This causes effacement of the ventral portion?

YOU HAVE A BACKACHE: From a combination of a disk and arthritic spurs, causing pressure on the cord and the nearby nerve (s) producing spinal stenosis (narrowing) of the spinal canal (trapping the nerves and the cord). Most likely resulting in back pain and leg pain/numbness/tingling in the leg or feet.
Urinary/bowel symptoms may be present as well.
See your orthopod/spine surgeon. ...Read more

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My MRI show at T 4/5 is a left paramedian osteophyte/disc protrusion compressing the left side of the thecal sac. What this mean? Thanks

My MRI show at T 4/5 is a left paramedian osteophyte/disc protrusion compressing the left side of the thecal sac. What this mean? Thanks

Why ask here?: Unless it's different Down Under than here in the US, you didn't just wander into an MR center 1 day & make an impulse purchase. You saw an MD & told him your symptoms & he ordered an MRI. The responsibility to explain what this means if anything rests with the ordering MD. If he can't it's his responsibility to find someone who can. You have a right to get an explanation in terms you understand. ...Read more

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Cervical spine MRI shows Disc osteophyte complex & facet & ligamentous hypertrophy from C5-C7, effacing & narrowing the thecal sac to 8.4mm. Explain..

Cervical spine MRI shows Disc osteophyte complex & facet & ligamentous hypertrophy from C5-C7, effacing & narrowing the thecal sac to 8.4mm. Explain..

Arthritis.: Basically, these findings represent osteoarthritic changes of the cervical spine. These findings need to be interpreted with respect to your medical history. Arthritis elsewhere? Any history of trauma to the neck? Overweight? ...Read more

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What does it mean when MRI report say c4c5 facet arthrosis and posterior disc osteophyte complex resulting in mild effacement of the thecal sac?

What does it mean when MRI report say c4c5 facet arthrosis and posterior disc osteophyte complex resulting in mild effacement of the thecal sac?

Back trouble!: Depends on your symptoms whether just a finding or a cause of trouble.
C- is cervical-neck
4-5 of the usual C1-7!
Osteophytes are bony prominences from arthritis and changes.
Thecal is sac around nerves and cord.
...Read more

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I had an MRI and found c4-c5 mild bulge with mild indentation in thecal sac and c5-c7 minimal bulges and osteophytes? Is it abnormal in my age 24?

I had an MRI and found c4-c5 mild bulge with mild indentation in thecal sac and c5-c7 minimal bulges and osteophytes? Is it abnormal in my age 24?

Probably not: Mri is a great tool that can pick up small anatomical changes in the spine, such as the c4-5 mild bulge and c5-7 osteophytes in your case. As we age, more of the wear and tear (degenerative) changes may accumulate and be more visible. The important thing is whether these mild changes are causing symptoms to warrant treatment.
Follow up with your doctor and discuss a schedule for follow-up. ...Read more

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What does an MRI with a large posterior disc osteophyte complex that effaces the ventral CSF and flattens left hemi-cord diameter of 6mm mean?

What does an MRI with a large posterior disc osteophyte complex that effaces the ventral CSF and flattens left hemi-cord diameter of 6mm mean?

Arthritis in neck: Due to osteo arthritis of facet joints of vertebral bodies and thinning and herniation of disc backwards, there can be compression of spinal cord. Its significance depends on the symptoms and signs on examination of patient. See a neurologist or neurosurgeon. ...Read more

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C6-C7 R disk protrusion w/mild mass effect on the ventral aspect of thecal sac. CSF ventral to R side of cord completely effaced. Plz explain.?

C6-C7 R disk protrusion w/mild mass effect on the ventral aspect of thecal sac. CSF ventral to R side of cord completely effaced. Plz explain.?

Explanation: You have a herniated disc in your neck. My concern from this report is how much neuroforaminal stenosis there is at c6/7. As mentioned prior. I can be available for a full consultation. ...Read more

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What do MRI results mean - at t4-5, disc osteophyte complex has mass effect on ventral cord and causes marked narrowing of right neuroferamen - thanks?

What do MRI results mean - at t4-5, disc osteophyte complex has mass effect on ventral cord and causes marked narrowing of right neuroferamen - thanks?

This means that the.: Disc and bone spurs on the right side of your spine at the 4th and 5th vertebrae are putting pressure on you spinal cord and the hole that the nerve comes out of to the right side of your body. I imagine that this is causing you some pain or dysfunction. ...Read more

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C4-5 right uncovertebral osteophyte/disc bulge complex broad disc bulge right neural foraminal stenosis & abutment of ventral cervical cord. Meaning?

C4-5 right uncovertebral osteophyte/disc bulge complex broad disc bulge right neural foraminal stenosis & abutment of ventral cervical cord. Meaning?

Not meaningful: These findings on MRI of c spine are simply indicators of arthritic phenomenon with aging or wear and tear. These may or may not clinically corelate with the clinical symptoms or signs of a patient. Examining and ordering physician is in best position to tell if these findings corelate with your symptoms. See a neurologist. ...Read more

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My xray result showed minimal lumbar spondylosis L5-S1 with mild disc space narrowing and endplate sclerosis and small ventral osteophytes. Meaning?

My xray result showed minimal lumbar spondylosis L5-S1 with mild disc space narrowing and endplate sclerosis and small ventral osteophytes. Meaning?

Meaning?: Presumably you didn't just wander into a radiology department & made an impulse purchase. Your doctor ordered the x-ray for a reason. What was it? The x-ray isn't the patient; you are. It has no "meaning" by itself. Your doctor is ethically obliged to interpret the test AS IT APPLIES TO YOU. Please repost & include what your doctor told you; or, if you haven't asked him/her, please state why not. ...Read more

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What is a t8-9 2mm left paracentral disk protrusion with slight deformity of the ventral thecal sac?

What is a t8-9 2mm left paracentral disk protrusion with slight deformity of the ventral thecal sac?

Herniated Disc: The ventral thecal sac is the front side of the thecal sac, which is a membrane that surrounds the spinal cord and some cerebrospinal fluid. A disk protrusion may cause the sac to deform in shape. This is due to a herniated disc. Neurologic symptoms may occur if the spinal cord is impinged upon. ...Read more

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Looking over the findings of my mri, it says: c6-c7 shows a central spur with ventral effacement of the thecal sac. What does that mean exactly?

Looking over the findings of my mri, it says: c6-c7 shows a central spur with ventral effacement of the thecal sac. What does that mean exactly?

Degenerative changes: Degenerative changes in the cervical spine cause the vertebral body to form bone spurs. The bone spurs then encroach into the spinal canal. The first thing to happen next is the the structure around the spinal cord is displaced or compress by the spurs. In this case the dural sac that surrounds the spinal cord. ...Read more

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What does this mean on an MRI report c5-c6: there is a central disc protrusion indenting the ventral thecal sac?

What does this mean on an MRI report c5-c6: there is a central disc protrusion indenting the ventral thecal sac?

A disc abuts spinal: In the neck at the c5-c6 level, the intervertebral disc protrudes posteriorly from the spine, and pushes upon the anterior aspect of the thecal sac that contains the spinal cord.

This herniating disc material may abut or comress the spinal canal, possibly resulting with spasm. ...Read more

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Had ACD&F 1yr ago+still in pain. There's thecal sac indents in 4 cervical vert + 3 bone spurs. Can this make me feel like have to make myself breathe?

Had ACD&F 1yr ago+still in pain. There's thecal sac indents in 4 cervical vert + 3 bone spurs. Can this make me feel like have to make myself breathe?

ACDF: It is highly unlikely he that what you're experiencing is causing you to have difficulty with breathing, if the Spurs are anterior it could affect your trachea and esophagus but the Spurs would need to be very large, breathing and respiratory function comes from your brainstem which is not likely near where any of the Spurs there inventing your thecal sac would be. There may be other causes for thit is highly unlikely he that what you're experiencing is causing you to have difficulty with breathing, if the Spurs are anterior it could affect your trachea and esophagus but the Spurs would need to be very large, breathing and respiratory function comes from your brainstem which is not likely near where any of the Spurs there in Denton your thecal sac would be. There may be other causes for this problem ...Read more

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C5c6 ant post bone spurs press. Thecal sac + spin cord post. Mod sev lt parace spin can sten, mod sev rt neurof. Sten. And severe left neurof stenosis?

Pinched nerves: A laymans way to describe what you have is that you have some pinched nerves in your neck. The fancy term is spinal stenosis. There are a number of operative and no operative treatment options, I would encourage you to be seen. ...Read more

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What is the ventral thecal sac in the lower back?

What is the ventral thecal sac in the lower back?

Within the bony ---: Structures of the back, the spinal cord (sc), which is the continuation of the brain, lies. The sc is surrounded by a layer, called the thecal sac. The front aspect of this is called the ventral t sac, while at the back, its the dorsal (or posterior) t sac.
Its present from the neck down to the lower back. This sac contains the spinal fluid which bathes the sc, providing it nutrition. ...Read more

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I've been diagnosed with effacement of the ventral thecal sac on the l3-l4 level and along with some symptoms am wondering what this means?

I've been diagnosed with effacement of the ventral thecal sac on the l3-l4 level and along with some symptoms am wondering what this means?

Effacement: Means thinning. Ventral means the front of the spinal cord. The thecal sac is the encasement of the spinal cord. Ventral thecal sac effacement is thinning of the covering of the anterior spinal cord at L3-L4. By itself, this finding is usually of little concern and requires no specific treatment This can be due to a protrusion of the intervertebral disc or arthritic change. Your Doctor can advise. ...Read more

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Does it require surgery if there is no CSF with indent of ventral thecal sac on c-5/c-6?

Does it require surgery if there is no CSF with indent of ventral thecal sac on c-5/c-6?

Risk mitigation: If only the thecal sac is indented and spinal cord not compressed, surgery would be an extreme remedy, but the description suggests that disc is close, and if symptoms progress, may need surgery. Handle conservatively at first, but see what a spinal surgeon opines. ...Read more

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What is effacement of the ventral thecal sac?

Basically, it means: There is slight or minimal compression externally placed onto the outer covering of the spinal cord which can be from a variety of conditions usually not leading to any neurologic findings or even symptoms. ...Read more

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Can I get approved for disability for herniated nucleus pulposus which indents the ventral aspect of the thecal sac?

Can I get approved for disability for herniated nucleus pulposus which indents the ventral aspect of the thecal sac?

No: Ultimately this decision would rest with your doctor, but what you are describing many many people have. And many of them do nothave symptoms. ...Read more

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What is facet hypertrophy l Flatten the ventral thecal sac and encroach upon the lateral recesses abutment of the traversing nerve roots?

What is facet hypertrophy l Flatten the ventral thecal sac and encroach upon the lateral recesses abutment of the traversing nerve roots?

Pain and weakness: Can result from compression of the nerves that exit at the level of the narrowing caused by bony overgrowth of the facets (the area where the vertebral bones meet) In the lumbar region the nerves exit at a higher level and "traverse" the space next to the facets below this before they exit the spinal canal at a lower level. Discuss this with your doctor. ...Read more

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L5-S1 Herniation associated with an annular tear and producing impingement upon left ventral portion of the thecal sac. Can I get better, if yes How?

L5-S1 Herniation associated with an annular tear and producing impingement upon left ventral portion of the thecal sac. Can I get better, if yes How?

Conservative measure: Not every patient with a disc herniation needs surgery, in fact most do not. Patients can opt to exhaust conservative measures such as physical therapy, chiropractic care, acupuncture, rest, ice or heat, pain medications, activity modification and lumbar epidural steroid injections ...Read more

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My MRI shows l4-5 mild broad-based disc bulge, which slightly indents the ventral thecal sac. Prominent facets. Please help!

My MRI shows l4-5 mild broad-based disc bulge, which slightly indents the ventral thecal sac. Prominent facets. Please help!

That kind of: Radiologic diagnosis can be attributed to thousands of mri's and by itself means nothing. You must have had some symptoms before the MRI was done and those symptoms may or may not be related to the findings. Please relax and know that those findings are general and not specific for anything. ...Read more

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What do you suggest if my MRI says diffuse disc bulge of l4-l5 intervertible disc causing ventral thecal sac indentation. Disc desication of l5-s1, what I do?

What do you suggest if my MRI says diffuse disc bulge of l4-l5 intervertible disc causing ventral thecal sac indentation. Disc desication of l5-s1, what I do?

This is part: Of the spectrum of degenerative disc disease. Whether it might be causing symptoms or not depends in part on how severe the thecal sac indentation is, so you need to speak with your doctor about it. ...Read more

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My MRI says diffuse disc bulge of l4-l5 intervertible disc causing ventral thecal sac indentation. Disc desication of l5-s1. What does this mean? What do I need to do?

My MRI says diffuse disc bulge of l4-l5 intervertible disc causing ventral thecal sac indentation. Disc desication of l5-s1. What does this mean? What do I need to do?

You need to...: ...ask your doc to go over the images with you & point out & explain the findings. In radiology, words are really no substitute for pictures. But don't waste your & your doctor's time by going in there cold. You owe it to yourself and him/her to do your homework first. Read up on & look at pictures of lumbar spine anatomy & pathology. Request your own copy of the image CD to study at home. ...Read more

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What is foraminal narrowing and ventral thecal sac indentation? I also have osteoarthritis in my back alon with nerve pain in both legs

What is foraminal narrowing and ventral thecal sac indentation? I also have osteoarthritis in my back alon with nerve pain in both legs

Spinal stenosis: Possible cause. Arthritis underlying it- narrowing foramina means nerves leading down legs are being compressed ;'irritated- sciatica should be followed by your pcp ; orthopedist. ...Read more

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Post. Disc herniation w/ assoc. Annular tear, completely effaces ventral thecal & produces mass effect upon cord, Max AP 7 mm mod. Foramen encroc@ C4-5?

Post. Disc herniation w/ assoc. Annular tear, completely effaces ventral thecal & produces mass effect upon cord, Max AP 7 mm mod. Foramen encroc@ C4-5?

Spine Specialist: By definition you have spinal stenosis in the neck due to the disc herniation. If it is causing problems, see a spine specialist to discuss your options. Epidural steroid injections may relieve the pain, but the disc will take time to heal. If its getting worse or your are noticing weakness see a surgeon to discuss your options. ...Read more

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Broad based disc osteophyte complexes at levels c3-c7, efface the dural sac. Mild reversal of curvature. Conservative treatment hasn't helped. Severe pain? Please help! Only 28yo. Ultrasound tech.

Injections w/ PT: Sorry to hear about your pain. If conservative treatment had already failed, I would consider epidural steroid injections along with physical therapy. It may free you up to get more out of pt. Avoid high velocity manipulation w those osteophytes. Also avoid surgery as long as possible. If epidural does not help at all, may be facet related, blocks with subsequent rfa may benefit from well. ...Read more

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I had an MRI it's says bilateral lateral recess stenosis, identation ventral thecal sacar noted and foramina mildly narrow bilaterally is this bad??

I had an MRI it's says bilateral lateral recess stenosis, identation ventral thecal sacar noted and foramina mildly narrow bilaterally is this bad??

Spinal stenosis: No. This is a mild form of arthritis in the low back. Like gray hair and wrinkles arthritis is a part of aging. While there is no cure, you can slow it down with strengthening core muscles, maintain a normal weight, and avoid tobacco products. Focus on occupations that do not require manual labor. People who do heavy lifting, bending, and stooping usually retire 10 years earlier than desk jobs. ...Read more

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Broad based disc osteophyte complex effacing the cal sac at c5-6, c6-7, c7-t1 with mild right and moderate left neural foraminal narrowing at each?

Neurosurgery consult: If you have symptoms of pain or neurological symptoms of numbness or weakness, it may be time to consult with a neurosurgeon to find out about the future need for possible surgery. I always recommend Neurosurgery for the neck. In the meantime, please see your primary care physician for pain treatment if necessary. ...Read more

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What does this mean? "Disk osteophyte complex and facet/uncovertebral changes"?

What does this mean? "Disk osteophyte complex and facet/uncovertebral changes"?

Degenerative: Basically refers to degenerative (aging) changes of the spine. Disk/osteophyte refers to bone spur and/or disc protrusion (often can't clearly differentiate between the two), and facet/uncovertebral refers to the joints at the back part (facets) and sides (uncovertebral) of the cervical vertebrae. ...Read more

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Please explain what does disk osteophyte complex and facet/uncovertebral changes mean?

Please explain what does disk osteophyte complex and facet/uncovertebral changes mean?

Facet uncovertebral: There are 5 moving parts of each level of the spine--2 facet joints, 2 uncovertebral joints, and disc is the 5th. The joints protect the spine and spinal cord from abnormal motion or translation. If the facet joint were to fracture or "break", it could lead to damage of the nerves/spinal cord. In everybody, as we age, the joints degenerate and lead to "changes" seen on studies. ...Read more

Bone Spurs (Definition)

Bone spurs, or osteophytes, are bony projections that form along joints, and are often seen in conditions such as arthritis. Bone spurs are largely responsible for limitations in joint motion ...Read more