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Flu virus genes: The hemaglutinin and neuraminidase genes are in influenza viruses. They code for proteins that are found on the surface of the flu virus. The viruses are named according to which type of hemaglutinin and neuraminidase proteins are on their surfaces (for example: h1n1 or h7n9). ...Read more
Angiogenesis is the physiological process through which new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels. This is distinct from vasculogenesis, which is the de novo formation of endothelial cells from mesoderm cell precursors. The first vessels in the embryo form through vasculogenesis, after which angiogenesis is responsible for most, if not all, blood ...Read more
Is a neurofibroma tumor 2.5 CM in size positive for s100, pgp9.5, NSE, factor XIIIa, CD 34, desmin, and SMA cancer? Negative for CD68.
What's the normal range in percentage for cd3, cd4, cd8, cd5, cd19 and cd20 antigens in peripheral blood for female adults?
Why do you ask?: You are of course talking about percentages of either all white blood cells or of lymphocytes. This question does not arise in general clinical medicine, and if someone has offered this to you without a strong suspicion of immunodeficiency or leukemia, you need to insist on an explanation. And in such workups, the search is either for a mutant clone or a grave deficiency; percentages are moot. ...Read more
49 year old male has stage vi lung adenocarcinoma. No gene mutations receiving chemo and avastin (bevacizumab) received radiation on foot and brain. What prognosis?
Yes: It is a factor XII issue which is encoded in your genome. ...Read more
Consider: Stem Cell Therapy or Platelet procedures to help with healing and strengthen ligaments. While it will not cure Schuermann's Disease it can help decrease pain and strengthen ligaments in the surrounding muscles and facet joints. Check out Regenexx.Com for more info. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What are options following optimal debulking for gr. 1 stage 3c endometrioid ovarian ca? Carbo/taxol? Aromatase inhibitor? Other? Clinical trials?
Treatment: We always encourage clinical trials as first line option. Standard therapy will include use of taxane and platinum compound like carboplatin/taxol combo. I would not use arimidex. 2nd line drugs include cisplatin, taxotere, doxil, gemzar, avastin, (bevacizumab) topotecan etc. ...Read more
10% lymphocytes positive cd20, cd3 cd79a negative for cd10. Results indicate a mixed b and t cell phenotype and thus consistent with reactive nature?
The lymphoid population consists of polyclonal b cells cd19,cd20,cd45 pos, cd5, cd10 neg w/o light chain. What does this mean on flow cytometry?
This is normal: We would worry if you had Monoclonal Lymphocyte excess, a polyclonal pattern is normal. But why did you have the Flow cytometry done in the first place? Give us more detailed history if you need our guidance. ...Read more
Diagnoged with cutaneous tcell lymphoma nhl.Treated with eletron beam.Interferon, gemcitabine, anthracycline, etoposide, procarbazine.Nodules over body .?
What are the benefits of azd 6244 mek inhibitor & mk 2206 akt inhib. For adenocarcinoma. 70yrs..115lbs (lost 40)..8mth chemo..Radio..Gamma-11mth
These are brand new: The drugs that you have mentioned are new anticancer drugs which are still experimental, not fda approved for general use. Your doctor(oncologist) has to answer all your questions that you ask before signing up for receiving these drugs. There is not a lot known about them yet. But azd6244 has been tested and found to have some anticancer activity. But more can be found out from your oncologist. ...Read more
0.6 cd4/cd8 ratio, 40% of T-cells are cd4, HIV/HTLV negative, no reason found. Is this idiopathic cd4 lymphocytopenia? Even if cd4 are 40% no lower?
LEUKOCYTOSIS: LEUKOCYTOSIS = elevated WBC. These labs associated with infection/leukemia /lymphoma and demand prompt evaluation You need an Exam/Labs/UAC&S and CXR to start. Also ct scan of chest/abd/pelvis .If no source is found then a hematology consult with bone marrow biopsy may be warranted. If BMB IS NEGATIVE IT MAY BE CLASSIFIED IDIOPATHIC AND BE CLOSELY MONITORED. ...Read more
Identical: Data on Bevacizumab or Erbitux in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, patients who do not have a KRAS 12/13 gene mutation, have nearly identical survival rates. These identical results were seen after chemotherapy, where survival with chemo alone was about 5 months vs. 7-8 months using either bevacizumab (Avastin) or cetuximab (Erbitux). ...Read more
Muscle Biopsy Results Meaning? rare chronic inflammatory
cells, composed of CD3/CD8 positive T-lymphocytes and CD68 positive macrophages.
All lab test need ..: With data we need clinical context. That is why you are having trouble. There is not enough information to provide an interpretation. ...Read more
Best institution for experimental protocol to add to nexavar (sorafenib) for metastatic HCC - 34 yo Asian male, s/p omental resection?
Lower LDL-C goal: Wow! that's a pretty deep/involved question. Treating to new targets (tnt) was announced/published in 2005. The idea was to see if more aggressive treatment of cholesterol (aiming for lower goals) would improve outcomes. Indeed it appears that aiming for goal LDL <70mg/dl leads to lower risk of cardiac events in stable heart disease. Read more at http://www.Theheart.Org/article/399675.Do. ...Read more