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Doctor insights on: Causes Spastic Quadriplegia

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Whats spastic diplegia?

Whats spastic diplegia?

Using a form of CP: This term is usually reserved for those who suffer from a form of cerebral palsy where the lower extremities (legs) are stiff, jumpy and weak. ...Read more

Dr. Ian Stein
248 doctors shared insights

Quadriplegia (Definition)

Quadriplegia, is paralysis caused by illness or injury to a human that results in the partial or total loss of use of all their limbs and torso; paraplegia is similar but does not affect the arms. The loss is usually sensory and motor, which means that both sensation ...Read more


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What is spastic dyplegia of cerebral palsy?

What is spastic dyplegia of cerebral palsy?

Legs>arms: Spastic diplegia is a condition in which the lower extremities are more affected than uppers. Intelligence may be normal and ambulation with braces or ankle supports may be good ...Read more

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What is spastic bilateral quadriplegia?

What is spastic bilateral  quadriplegia?

Jibberish: Patients who have spasticity can be described in many ways. Hemiplegia means that half of the body is involved. Diplegia means two limbs - usually the legs - are involved. Quadriplegia means that all four limbs are involved. Some doctors use the term of bilateral hemiplegia for patients with both sides of the body involved but one side more than other - bilateral quadriplegia does not exist. ...Read more

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What is hereditary spastic paraparesis?

What is hereditary spastic paraparesis?

Rare condition: Progressive leg weakness and spasticity (tightness and catching of leg with flexion), caused by autosomal dominant and recessive or x-linked genetics, with usual slow progression and normal life span. Mri may demonstrate atrophy of brain and/or spinal cord. ...Read more

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What's spastic paralysis?

What's spastic paralysis?

CEREBRAL PALSY: Spastic paralysis is due to a group of conditions that involves nervous sustem and hypertonicity in the muscles of extremities also called cerebral palsy. Condition is caused by injury and abnormalities in the brain.These happen in the womb or in first two years of life.It may be due to lack of oxygen going to brain.Bleeding in the brain, brain infections, head injury, maternal rubella& sever jaund. ...Read more

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What are the causes of spastic quadriplegia?

What are the causes of spastic quadriplegia?

Cerebral palsy: Quadreplegic cerebral palsy is the most common type, it is a static brain injury due to a sigifican injury to the brain like hypoxia and trauma, the most common cause in early life is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy which occurred pernatally, around the time of delivery, exam showed increased muscle tone and brisk reflexes also with microcephaly and developmental delay. ...Read more

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Is spastic paralysis curable?

Is spastic paralysis curable?

No: It is possible to reduce the spasticity to a degree with medications, phyiscal therapy, different treatments like Botox injections, and some fancier treatments like implantable pumps to deliver anti spasticity medication. Unfortunately at this date we do not have a "cure" that can reverse paralysis. I hope we will someday. ...Read more

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What is the meaning of cerebral palsy spastic diplegia?

Stiff legs from CP: Cerebral palsy describes disorders of movement & posture related to injury to the developing nervous system before the third birthday.(pregnancy, labor, delivery or after) an injury to the brain cells that handle the motor functions of the lower extremities can produce diplegia (two limb) stiffness.This injury has been associated with a brain hemorrhage near the motor cells. ...Read more

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Any treatments for spastic para paresis?

Any treatments for spastic para paresis?

Yes: It is not possible to completely cure spastic paraparesis but various treatments can help. These include physical therapy, stretching exercises, oral medications, nerve blocks, Botox injections, medication via implanted pump, electrical stimulation to name a few. ...Read more

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What causes bowel spasms?

What causes bowel spasms?

Muscle contractions: Muscle contractions, which can be caused from electrolyte imbalances, relative obstructions, infection, or food-borne toxins. Rarely, tumors can cause spasms. ...Read more

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What is tropical spastic paraparesis?

Disorder of sp cord: A subacute condition with impairment of lower extremity >upper extremity function, sensory abnormalities, bladder functioning and girdling lumbar pain. About 80 % of patients with tsp have antibodies to htlv-1 (not aids virus..Htlv-3) the disorder and similar disorders were described in caribbean patients. ...Read more

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What causes involuntary muscle spasms?

What causes involuntary muscle spasms?

Many causes: Muscles in our body contract and relax consciously and unconsciously. A muscle that involuntarily contracts without our consciously willing it is called a "spasm." overuse, exercise, neck and back problems, posture, fatigue, diminished blood supply, injury, metabolite issues, and certain diseases can contribute to spasms. ...Read more

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What is the difference between cerebral palsy and spastic hemiparesis or diplegia?

Terminology: Spastic diplegia refers to spasticity that primarily affects the legs, and spastic hemiplegia primarily affects one side of the body (arm and leg). Cerebral palsy is a movement disorder caused by damage to an immature brain and can present as either. ...Read more

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What is the definition of hereditary spastic paraplegia?

What is the definition of hereditary spastic paraplegia?

Genetic?: Hereditary spastic pareplegia is the name given to a mainly motor disability often in lower extremities slowly progressive with a geographical distribution.The condition often does not cause sensory or bladder problems and all tests including mri, CSF studies B12 levels etc are normal some of these cases have antibodies to htlv 1 viruses in the blood or cerebrospinal fluid. ...Read more

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Paraparisis cause? Its also known as familiar spastic paraplegia?

See below: Paraparesis is a milder form of paraplegia ( which should mean no movement in the lower extremities but is sometimes used synonymously) familial spastic paraplegia is a paraplegia with family history of unknown etiology and is diagnosed when all the other causes have been ruled out. ...Read more

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What childhood disease causes infantile paralysis?

What childhood disease causes infantile paralysis?

Polio: One of the older names for the neurologic consequences of polio is Infantile Paralysis. It caused the paralysis in some but not all of those who had the illness.There have been some cases of a non-polio paralysis that were reported in the past year in parts of the country. ...Read more

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What causes muscle weakness in polio?

What causes muscle weakness in polio?

See below: The polio virus attacks the nerves in the spinal cord that supply the muscles. Called motor nerves. Polio does not affect the nerves that deal with sensation. When the nerves die due to the polio virus, the muscles tend to wither and that is what causes the weakness. Post polio syndrome can occur 30-40 years later with new symptoms of weakness and fatigue. It is not a reactivation of the virus. ...Read more

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What are the differences between flaccid paralysis and spastic paralysis?

What are the differences between flaccid paralysis and spastic paralysis?

Spasticity: Both types of paralysis involve loss of voluntary motor function. However, in the spastic type, involuntary movements persist, such as with cerebral palsy. ...Read more

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What are the causes of spastic quadriplegia?

Cerebral palsy: Quadreplegic cerebral palsy is the most common type, it is a static brain injury due to a sigifican injury to the brain like hypoxia and trauma, the most common cause in early life is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy which occurred pernatally, around the time of delivery, exam showed increased muscle tone and brisk reflexes also with microcephaly and developmental delay. ...Read more

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How to help my sister who is affected with cerebal palsy , spastic quadriplegia caused by intracranial hemorrh?

Interdisciplinary: The best way to help someone with spastic quadriplegia is with a interdisciplinary approach. She should have a primary care provider who will oversee her general medical issues. A physiatrist (physical medicine and rehabilitation doctor) specialized in pediatric rehabilitation will be the most beneficial if issues arise. ...Read more

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What is spastic bilateral quadriplegia?

Jibberish: Patients who have spasticity can be described in many ways. Hemiplegia means that half of the body is involved. Diplegia means two limbs - usually the legs - are involved. Quadriplegia means that all four limbs are involved. Some doctors use the term of bilateral hemiplegia for patients with both sides of the body involved but one side more than other - bilateral quadriplegia does not exist. ...Read more

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What other symptoms accompany quadriplegia?

See below: It depends on the level of the spinal cord injury. If the injury occurs at or above the third cervical level, the person will not have any control over their breathing and will need to be on a respirator. Below c3-4 most can breath on their own but will have very weak coughs and are prone to pneumonia.Pressure sores on th skin due to inability to feel pressure or move, bowel and bladder paralysis. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: quadriplegia?

Loss of control of 4: Quadriplegia, is paralysis caused by illness or injury to a human that results in the partial or total loss of use of all their limbs and torso; paraplegia is similar but does not affect the arms. The loss is usually sensory and motor, which means that both sensation and control are lost. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for quadriplegia?

Appropriate care: Most patients with quadriplegia were either born with brain injury or acquired it due to injury or infection. Once the injury occurs, there is little more to do other than provide appropriate therapy and care. Most patients have trouble with bowel and bladder control, and some have breathing problems and need special respiratory support. Most important is to avoid complications. ...Read more

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Whats the different between paraplegia and quadriplegia?

See below: Quadriplegia=weakness or paralysis of all 4 limbs. Paraplegia= weakness or paralysis of the 2 lower extremities. ...Read more

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What is the difference between quadriplegia, and hemiplegia?

What is the difference between quadriplegia, and hemiplegia?

4 vs 2: Quadriplegia means that all four of a person's limbs are not functioning at full capacity, whereas in hemiplegia, only two are affected. ...Read more

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What are the major differences between paraplegia and quadriplegia?

What are the major differences between paraplegia and quadriplegia?

Arm function: Paraplegia is paralysis of the legs (no movement or feeling). Tetraplegia (quadriplegia is an older term) is paralysis of the arms and the legs. In both, a person has also lost control of bladder and bowels. Both are forms of spinal cord injury or other problem of the cord. Sometimes the loss is incomplete (weakness rather than no muscle function; retention of some feeling). ...Read more

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What's the main difference between paraplegia and quadriplegia, if any?

Number of limbs: "plegia" is a term meaning weakness or paralysis. Paraplegia refers to involvement of both legs. This is the more common form of cerebral palsy. Quadriplegia means that all four limbs are involved. This is the most severe form of cerebral palsy. Paraplegia is often not associated with mental retardation or epilepsy, while quadriplegia is almost always associated with both. ...Read more

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What's quadriplegia definition?

See below: Quad- 4 plegia-weakness weakness or paralysis of all 4 limbs. ...Read more

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How is quadriplegia diagnosed at first?

See below: Quadriplegia which means weakness or paralysis in all 4 limbs is a descriptive term only. It does not explain what caused the quadriplegia. Conditions that affect the brain and spinal cord can cause quadriplegia and this can happen from trauma, infections, autoummune conditions like multiple sclerosis and many others. The diagnosis is first made with the history and physical examination. ...Read more

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What type providers will I need to see if I have quadriplegia?

What type providers will I need to see if I have quadriplegia?

See below: Depending on the cause of the quadriplegia, the providers that might be involved could be a neurosurgeon, neurologist, physiatrist (rehab specialist), rehab nurses, respiratory, physical and occupational therapists, case managers, social worker, psychologist. The rehabilitation of quadriplegia requires a team approach. ...Read more

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What do you suggest if my son has quadriplegia he has bat muscel spasm.what to do about it .is there a medication?

What do you suggest if my son has quadriplegia he has bat muscel spasm.what to do about it .is there a medication?

Yes!: There are medications and treatments available to help reduce spasticity that results from chronic neurologic diseases such as cerebral palsy, etc. A pediatric neurologist would be the best person to consult with. Good luck! ...Read more

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My son has quadriplegia. he has bad muscle spasms. Any medications he can take?

My son has quadriplegia. he has bad muscle spasms. Any medications he can take?

Many options: There are many options for your son and his muscle tone. A pediatric neurologist can help you with this. ...Read more

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What are the causes of spastic movements?

What are the causes of spastic movements?

HYPERTONICITY: Hyper tonic movements may be considered as extrpyramidal signs which means a disorder of the basal ganglia which are a structure in the brain controlling the muscle functions, usually Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter responsible for that. Parkinson disease is one of that disorder which caused by depletion of Dopamine in the brain. ...Read more

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What is the cause of spasticity in paralysis?

What is the cause of spasticity in paralysis?

Different theories: There are many different theories about what causes spasticity but the best explanation that i can give you is that under normal circumstances there is a balance between excitation and inhibition of muscle tone and movement. When there is injury or disease of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), there is excess excitation and not enough inhibition and the tone of certain muscles. ...Read more