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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Rheumatic Heart Disease

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What is the cause of rheumatic heart disease and heart murmurs?

What is the cause of rheumatic heart disease and heart murmurs?

Autoantibodies: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the complications of an untreated strep infection.A month or more after the infection, the body has made antibodies that mistale the tissue of the heart for the germ they were designed to fight.Over time thease antibodies cause inflamation of the heart and can injure the valves. After the acute phase is past, you have a weaker heart with leaky valves and murmurs. ...Read more

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Dr. Bennett Werner
2,801 doctors shared insights

Heart Diseases (Definition)

Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more


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What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease?

What is the pathophysiology of rheumatic heart disease?

Autoantibodies: Rheumatic heart disease is one of the complications of an untreated strep infection.A month or more after the infection, the body has made antibodies that mistale the tissue of the heart for the germ they were designed to fight.Over time thease antibodies cause inflamation of the heart and can injure the valves. After the acute phase is past, you have a weaker heart with leaky valves and murmurs. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?

What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?

CHF or AF: Rhd causes thickening and blockage (stenosis) of the mitral valve which can lead to congestive heart failure (shortness of breath, swelling, fatigue). In addition, the left atrium enlarges which often interferes with conduction of electrical impulses resulting in atrial fibrillation. Without treatment, blood clots can form in the enlarged and stagnant left atrium leading to stroke. ...Read more

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Is inherited heart disease different from other heart disease?

Is inherited heart disease different from other heart disease?

In large part, no.: There are inherited factors that will make a person at high risk for heart disease (atherosclerotic disease). These include abnormal cholesterol profile, diabetes mellitus, family history of heart disease at young age, essential hypertension. So-called environmental factors, such as smoking, obesity, chronic stress, are also important. Aging starts in your twenties. Start a healthy lifestyle today. ...Read more

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Which antibiotic causes congenital heart disease?

Which antibiotic causes congenital heart disease?

No Known : Some medications are known to cause birth defects if taken by a pregnant woman. However, I am not aware of any known associations with antibiotics causing specific heart defects in pregnancy. ...Read more

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Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Which heart diseases leads to valvular heart disease?

Coronary disease/CAD: CAD can lead to weakened or poorly functioning heart muscle. The mitral valve is anchored to that muscle and will leak if CAD is severe enough. Rheumatic heart disease can lead to valve stenosis due to calcification, but has become less likely in the era of antibiotics. Also, being born with a bicuspid aortic valve (normally 3 cusps) can lead to calcification and narrowing at 50-60 years of age. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is congenital heart disease?

What sort of disease is congenital heart disease?

Born with it: It is a heart defect you are born with. It may be simple, moderate, or very serious. They include "holes in the heart", valve problems, malformed or absent chambers, valves, or blood vessels. Just under 1 % of all babies are born with some type of defect, often minor and temporary. They are usually diagnosed shortly after birth, occasionally much later. ...Read more

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What is rheumatic heart disease?

What is rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic: Rheumatic fever causes rheumatic heart disease. It usually is characterized by thickened mitral and or aortic valves along with other things ...Read more

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What are the causes of coronary heart disease?

What are the causes of coronary heart disease?

Several: Many things contribute; some modifiable, others not. Things you can't change include family history, gender, genetics (although you can test for the latter). Things you can change or at least affect: smoking (stop!), exercise, diet, cholesterol & other biomarkers, diabetes/prediabetes/insulin resistance, blood pressure. Remember that often the 1st sign of chd is sudden death-so don't wait! ...Read more

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What causes heart valve disease?

What causes heart valve disease?

Multiple causes.: Stress, stretch, calcium deposition and degeneration all are factors that lead to disease in heart valves. Recurrent inflammation, rheumatic heart disease, infection on the valves themselves is other reasons. Heart conditions and other disorders, age-related changes, rheumatic fever, and infections can cause acquired heart valve disease. These factors change the shape or flexibility of once-normal. ...Read more

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What causes coronary heart disease?

What causes coronary heart disease?

Cholesterol: Cholesterol builds up in the wall of the arteries resulting in progressive narrowing. This process is accelerated by smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, inflammation (high c-reactive protein), and oxidative damage through aging. ...Read more

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What causes coronary heart disease?

What causes coronary heart disease?

Atherosclerosis: Depends on one's personal risks smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes , family history. Simply, one blocks the feeding coronary artery to part of the heart muscle and low flow, or no flow causes ischemia which cause death of the heart cells, which is a heart attack! myocardial infarction is the medical term.Ekg and lab tests show the damage. ...Read more

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What are the causes of congenital heart disease?

What are the causes of congenital heart disease?

Multiple: Congenital heart defects are a collection of issues that could be devastating early or of almost no consequence even in the long. As there are a variety of maladies, the causes are multiple as well. Environmental factors, genetic abnormalities in either of the parents and a combination of these factors lead to congenital heart defects. ...Read more

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Is a rapid heart rate one of the symptoms of congestive heart failure or coronary disease?

Is a rapid heart rate one of the symptoms of congestive heart failure or coronary disease?

Not primary symptom: Congestive heart failure may be associated with rapid heart beat but this is not the primary symptom. Rapid heart beat is not usually a sign of coronary artery disease. Rapid heart beat can also occur in otherwise normal hearts. ...Read more

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Are the symptoms of congenital heart disease bad?

Are the symptoms of congenital heart disease bad?

It depends on defect: It depends on what kind of defect it is. Some defects have no symptoms, some have mild symptoms such as faster breathing, difficulty eating, increased sweating while feeding. And some defects are life threatening causing low oxygen levels in your body and without surgery or other type of intervention within hours of delivery may be lethal. ...Read more

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What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

Variable: This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis typically the result of rheumatic heart disease?

Is mitral stenosis typically the result of rheumatic heart disease?

Can be: Rheumatic heart disease is pretty rare these days, due to aggressively treating strep throat with antibiotics. However, it is still the most common cause of mitral stenosis. In general, the causes of mitral stenosis include rheumatic fever, infective endocarditis and just the wear and tear of natural aging. ...Read more

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What causes sweating in coronary heart disease?

Fight or Flight: Sweating occurs due to activation of the symptomatic nervous system with a "fight or flight" response. Researchers have discovered that sweating appears to be the symptom that prompts more people suffering a heart attack to get to the hospital. ...Read more

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Difference in shortness of breath with heart valve disease and coronary heart disease?

Difference in shortness of breath with heart valve disease and coronary heart disease?

Cause: The symptoms will feel the same but the cause could be quite different. When the heart is not getting enough blood, it relaxes poorly after each heart beat. This can cause shortness of breath. In advanced stages, blocked heart arteries cause heart damage, pumping dysfunction, and heart failure. Valve disease can cause relaxation problems and heart damage as well despite normal circulation. ...Read more

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Dr. John Dent
152 doctors shared insights

Rheumatic Heart Disease (Definition)

Rheumatic heart disease is a condition where a bacterial infection with Streptococcus leads to damage to the ...Read more