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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Porphyria

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Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Mono or Polyclonal: High levels of immunoglobulins (hypergammaglobulinemia) can be monoclonal (specific) - due to malignant proliferation of plasma cells or lymphocytes as in myeloma or waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Polyclonal (many types) hypergammaglobulinemia is a benign condition due to infection, inflammation causing non-specific gamma globulin production such as in hepatitis, immune and allergic disorders. ...Read more

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Dr. Aletha Tippett
92 doctors shared insights

Porphyria (Definition)

Metabolic disorders caused by abnormalities in the synthesis of heme, the portion of hemoglobin which carries the iron inside red blood cells. Symptoms can range from light sensitivity to liver failure to nerve damage to bouts of terrible pain.Special testing is required to ...Read more


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What are causes and onsets of symptoms of huntington's disease?

What are causes and onsets of symptoms of huntington's disease?

Movement & Behavior: The cause of huntington's disease is a genetic mutation on chromosome 4. Major symptoms are changes in behavior, e.g., hallucinations, irritability, moodiness and psychosis, and abnormal movements including extra facial and limb movements and loss of coordination, dementia, and eventually impairments of speech and swallowing. More information: huntington's disease society of america: www.Hdsa.Or. ...Read more

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Causes of aniocytosis?

Causes of aniocytosis?

Anisocytosis, having: Red blood cells (rbc's) of different sizes, can be caused by iron deficiency & sickle cell anemias, folate (folic acid) or vitamin B12 deficiency, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, cytotoxic chemotherapy, chronic liver disease, myelodysplastic syndrome, thalassemia major, & thalassemia intermedia. The unequal-sized rbc's are small in some of these disorders & large in others. ...Read more

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Causes of chrons disease?

Causes of chrons disease?

Not known yet: The cause seems to be a combination of genetics (different immune defects) and environmental triggers. The subtypes of crohn's disease may also have different immune defects, and for this reason people may respond differently to treatments. Though much more is known now about cd, we still don't know the cause. But stress and some foods can make it worse. Decreasing stressors can help a lot. ...Read more

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What are the causes of alcoholism?

What are the causes of alcoholism?

Alcoholism: It's an incredibly complex combination of genetic and environmental factors that are poorly understood. Alcoholism can run quite strongly, suggesting a genetic component, but also, the environment plays heavily into the clinical picture, i.e., how much one is around alcohol. Proponents of Alcoholics Anonymous believe that alcoholism is a spiritual problem, or one of characterological defect. ...Read more

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What are the pathophysiology of anaemia of chronic diseases?

What are the pathophysiology of anaemia of chronic diseases?

Anemia: Really need provide more info concerning age, other conditions- diabetes, heart disease, . The. Most common i encounter are patients with chronic kidney disease. As kidney function decreases, signals to none marrow to produce blood decreased. Kidneys also controll blood pressues, etc. Generally, the body adapts to this type of anemia, treatment only when treatment needed. Other diseases. Space limi. ...Read more

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What causes episodes of pancreatitis?

What causes episodes of pancreatitis?

Several things: Alcoholism and gall stones are the most commonly known causes of pancreatitis. High triglycerides can cause it as well, though most causes are referred to as idiopathic. That is, of unknown origin. ...Read more

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What are the causes of symptoms in pernicious anemia?

What are the causes of symptoms in pernicious anemia?

Lack of vitamin B12: Pernicious anemia is due to a lack of vitamin b12. B12 is necessary for the normal function of the nervous system and the formation of red blood cells. ...Read more

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What are the causes of asbestosis symptoms?

What are the causes of asbestosis symptoms?

Variety: Asbestosis is scarring of the airspaces of the lungs and thickening of the walls between them (also known as the interstitium). This in turn causes shortness of breath, low oxygen levels and chronic cough. Asbestosis is from prior exposure to asbestos. ...Read more

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Causes of myoclonus?

Causes of myoclonus?

It is a condition: Myoclunus just means jumping or jerking limbs. Usually it is the legs but can be any muscle. At night it may wake you up causing daytime fatigue. It can occur by itself or be part of a number of conditions where nerves in the head are not communicating with the nerves in the spine such as ms, head injury or pinched spinal nerves. Have a neurologist evaluate. ...Read more

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What are the causes of digestive diseases?

What are the causes of digestive diseases?

Multiple: Evrybody has at one time experienced a GI illness--heartburn is very common, as is diarrhea, constipation, gastroenteritis, etc. Most of these are not serious, self-limiting, and usually get better by themselves. Likewise, serious GI illnesses are also quite common, as your gut is about 25 feet long from mouth to anus, and exposed to a variety of environmental insults every day! ...Read more

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What are causes of encephalopathy in liver diseases?

What are causes of encephalopathy in liver diseases?

Ammonia: Ammonia is the waste product that is normally utilized by a healthy liver. When the liver is sick, it will not process ammonia and it will poison the brain. ...Read more

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What are the causes of chronic constipation?

What are the causes of chronic constipation?

In most : Cases is it is not enough fiber, not enough fluids and excess caffeine and alcohol. Also some medications contribute to constipation and thus your fluid intake needs modification to offset the constipating effects of the meds. There also may be some pathology in your bowel that has yet to be properly evaluated. See a GI doctor or colorectal surgeon if the above measures dont help after 2 weeks. ...Read more

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Causes of microcephaly?

Causes of microcephaly?

Varied: There are literally hundreds of things that can cause this including various syndromes, prenatal infections and lack of oxygen during birth just to name a few of the more common causes. ...Read more

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What are the main causes of cotard's syndrome?

What are the main causes of cotard's syndrome?

Hypothesis: This syndrome is also called "walking dead" because those suffering from it deny they exist; or sometimes that parts of their body are real.Cause is believed to be malfunction in 2 parts of the brain: fusiform gyrus (recognizes faces) & amygdala (processes your emotions. When these 2 areas go haywire and a person cannot recognize what should be familiar faces, holding on to reality is tough. ...Read more

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What are the causes of tay-sachs disease?

What are the causes of tay-sachs disease?

Birth defect: Tay sachs disease is caused by a chromosomal abnormality and would be because both parents passed the gene (autosomal recessive) and is seen in 1:3000 babies seen in ashkenazi jewish population. ...Read more

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What are the causes of a autoimmune disease?

What are the causes of a autoimmune disease?

Genetics and enviro: It is a combination of genetics and the right enviromental triggers. We do not know all these triggers yet, but some people may the genes, but never have them turned on despite being exposed to a trigger. Hope that helps. ...Read more

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What are the causes of raynauds syndrome?

What are the causes of raynauds syndrome?

Usually cold: Raynauds involves cold or stress induced vasospasm of small vessels in hands and feet. It is really more of an annoyance than a harmful problem. Calcium channel blockers are the most common medication that physicians use to treat the symptoms of raynauds. The main drawback is the side effects from these medicines. Keeping your hands and feet warm remains the best treatment. ...Read more

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What types of cancer can alcoholism cause?

What types of cancer can alcoholism cause?

Many: Alcohol abuse is associated with liver, mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach cancers. It is likely one of the most significant cancer risk factors, second only to tobacco. Even moderate alcohol use is linked to an increased risk of breast and colon cancer. For more info: http://www.Cancer.Org/acs/groups/content/@healthpromotions/documents/document/acsq-017622.Pdf. ...Read more

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What are common causes of cardiomyopathy?

What are common causes of cardiomyopathy?

Several: One of the most common causes of cardiomyopathy (cm) is atherosclerosis.By blocking or impairing blood flow the heart muscle suffers. Heart attacks can cause permanent scarring and fibrosis. Other causes can be viral or physiologic conditions like pregnancy (peripartum cm).Toxins like excessive alcohol can cause CM (usually reversible if caught early) or chemotherapy agents.Some causes are unknown. ...Read more

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