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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Leptospirosis

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Does rat bite cause leptospirosis?

Does rat bite cause leptospirosis?

Rat bites: Rat bites can cause diseases including rat bite fever, localized abscesses, cellulitis and even tetanus among others. Leptospirosis is associated with rodents although usually it's their urine causing infection. Worse, the rats urine can contaminate water sources and u can contract leptospirosis from that. Rats can facilitate other diseases including plague, tularemia, hanta virus and others. ...Read more

Dr. Leonard Mermel
49 doctors shared insights

Leptospirosis (Definition)

Leptospirosis is a severe infection that is caused by a specific bacteria. It usually occurs in warmer climates, and the bacteria may be found in fresh water that is ...Read more


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What is the cause of the calf pain in patients with leptospirosis?

What is the cause of the calf pain in patients with leptospirosis?

Calf pain/leptosporo: It is presumed to be due to combination of factors 1generalised effect of fever and constitutional symptoms causing pain in muscles of calf and also arms 2lepto causing local inflammatory responce directly in calf muscle. ...Read more

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What are the tests for leptospirosis?

See below: Clinical features and lab testing are not specific, a high index of suspicion must be maintained for the diagnosis. Cultures can be done growing the bacteria. Serologic test: labs and include the microscopic agglutination test (mat), macroscopic agglutination test, indirect hemagglutination, and elisa. Mat is considered the gold standard. Molecular techniques (pcr) are being developed. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of leptospirosis?

Flu-like symptoms: The disease starts with a fever, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. After recovering from those symptoms, you can then go on to develop meningitis, kidney failure, and liver damage with jaundice. ...Read more

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What is the life cycle of leptospirosis ?

What is the life cycle of leptospirosis ?

See answer below: The following link provides a fairly detailed description: http://www.leptospirosis.org/life-cycle-of-pathogenic-leptospires/ ...Read more

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Can you tell me how leptospirosis effect humans?

Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis symptoms can include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, jaundice, fever, chills, muscle pain, chills, headache and rash in the first phase. If a person goes on to have the second phase of the illness they develop renal or hepatic failure as well as meningitis. ...Read more

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How much time does it take to cure leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis: can last variable periods ranging for several days to about 3 weeks with treatment. . Without medical treatment it may take up to several months to recover depending on severity of illness. ...Read more

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What choices do I have for treating leptospirosis?

A few choices: If the patient isn't so sick, then oral Doxycycline is a good choice. In sicker patients, penicillin g IV therapy is preferred. More recent trials have shown that third-generation cephalosporins are as effective as Doxycycline and penicillin in treating this disease. The crucial step is to actually be thinking about this diagnosis in the right situation. ...Read more

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How is leptospirosis transmitted and how is it treated?

Surroundings: Humans most often become infected after exposure to environmental sources, such as animal urine, contaminated water or soil, or infected animal tissue. Portals of entry include cuts or abraded skin, mucous membranes or conjunctiva. The vast majority of infections with leptospira are self-limiting. Although penicillins, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, and Erythromycin have antileptospiral activity. ...Read more