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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Hypoplasia

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Causes of microcephaly?

Causes of microcephaly?

Varied: There are literally hundreds of things that can cause this including various syndromes, prenatal infections and lack of oxygen during birth just to name a few of the more common causes. ...Read more

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What're the causes of congenital anomalies?

What're the causes of congenital anomalies?

Multifactorial.: Genetic, environmental, infectious, metabolic reasons or even developmental accidents can cause birth defects. Taking Folic Acid at 1-5 mg daily throughout your reproductive life could prevent 95% of neural tube defects and up to 75% of cardiac defects. ...Read more

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Causes of aniocytosis?

Causes of aniocytosis?

Anisocytosis, having: Red blood cells (rbc's) of different sizes, can be caused by iron deficiency & sickle cell anemias, folate (folic acid) or vitamin B12 deficiency, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, cytotoxic chemotherapy, chronic liver disease, myelodysplastic syndrome, thalassemia major, & thalassemia intermedia. The unequal-sized rbc's are small in some of these disorders & large in others. ...Read more

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Causes of hydronephrosis?

Causes of hydronephrosis?

Several: Blockage in the ureter, bladder neck or urethra. This can be internal, external or within the walls of these organs.There are several causes. ...Read more

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What are the causes of congenital heart disease?

What are the causes of congenital heart disease?

Multiple: Congenital heart defects are a collection of issues that could be devastating early or of almost no consequence even in the long. As there are a variety of maladies, the causes are multiple as well. Environmental factors, genetic abnormalities in either of the parents and a combination of these factors lead to congenital heart defects. ...Read more

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What are the leading causes of aneurysms?

What are the leading causes of aneurysms?

Run in families: Although it is not entirely clear as to what causes aneurysms, there is a definite familial predisposition to their development. If a parent or sibling has or have had an aneurysm, it is important to be checked. This can be done simply and easily with an ultrasound. Contact a vascular surgeon and have the test done at an icavl accredited vascular laboratory. ...Read more

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Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Mono or Polyclonal: High levels of immunoglobulins (hypergammaglobulinemia) can be monoclonal (specific) - due to malignant proliferation of plasma cells or lymphocytes as in myeloma or waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Polyclonal (many types) hypergammaglobulinemia is a benign condition due to infection, inflammation causing non-specific gamma globulin production such as in hepatitis, immune and allergic disorders. ...Read more

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What are the most common causes of retinopathy of prematurity?

What are the  most common causes of retinopathy of prematurity?

Premature birth!: The cause is due to premature birth and possibly use of high oxygen concentration for breathing in premature infants. The retina is not fully developed and vascularized in the periphery and exposure to the air causes the peripheral retina to not vascularize, which can cause contraction, scarring and possible retinal detachment. ...Read more

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What causes atrophy of the pancreas?

What causes atrophy of the pancreas?

Pancreas: Atrophy in this sense suggests previous injury and scarring. Previous pancreatitis? ...Read more

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What are the causes of achondroplasia?

What are the causes of achondroplasia?

Mostly random: Most cases arise from a new mutation to normal parents. Achondroplasia is inherited in autosomal dominant fashion as well. Therefore, couples with achondroplasia marries, they have a 25% risk of transmitting their condition , homozygous achondroplasia , to each offspring. ...Read more

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What are the causes of amenorrhea?

What are the causes of amenorrhea?

Pregnancy first !!: Must rule out pregnancy first ! if no menses prior (called primary amenorrhea) abve age 15yrs, then anatomical causes also must be considered (lack of uterus, blood flow blockage, etc). If menses took place prior (called secondary amenorrhea) then hormonal causes such as elevated prolactin, testosterone or low thyroid should be considered. Significant weight loss also possible. Talk with your pcp. ...Read more

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What causes the development of spongiform encephalopathy?

What causes the development of spongiform encephalopathy?

Prions: Prions are small abnormal proteins that can be transmitted by eating certain types of foods which usually contain parts of the central nervous system (i.e. The brain). The prions cause a reaction in the brain of the consumer which affect other normal proteins which leads to brain damage and progressive neuro-degeneration. ...Read more

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What causes retinopathy of prematurity?

What causes retinopathy of prematurity?

Oxygen: The care of premature birth babies is a battle between things known to increase survival including oxygen administration versus the risk of this life-saving oxygen cause retinopathy. No intervention is as good as oxygen and so this is an assumed risk. Treatment for this is possible including bevicizumab. ...Read more

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What are the causes of causes constrictive pericarditis?

What are the causes of causes constrictive pericarditis?

Multiple: Pericardial inflammation can occur from renal failure, tb, malignancy, bacterial infection or most commonly, viral inflammation. Also rheumatoid disease and other autoimmune problems. After a heart attack, dressler's syndrome is inflammation of the pericardium and after heart surgery, blood or fluid can accumulate and cause inflammation. Radiation is also a source. All can lead to constrictive per. ...Read more

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What are the known causes of thymic carcinoma?

What are the known causes of thymic carcinoma?

None are common: The vast majority of thymic carcinomas of all sorts "just happen", without any identifiable risk factors. Genetic mutation is a lottery over the lifetime, and some folks are lucky enough to escape all cancers through old age, but others may end up with an unusual one such as thymic carcinoma. Some of them are very curable while others are tough; i wish you luck. ...Read more

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Causes of myoclonus?

Causes of myoclonus?

It is a condition: Myoclunus just means jumping or jerking limbs. Usually it is the legs but can be any muscle. At night it may wake you up causing daytime fatigue. It can occur by itself or be part of a number of conditions where nerves in the head are not communicating with the nerves in the spine such as ms, head injury or pinched spinal nerves. Have a neurologist evaluate. ...Read more

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What are the causes of brain atrophy?

What are the causes of brain atrophy?

Age : Brain atrophy is common in the elderly population. If the atrophy is pronounced may be secondary to dementia. It is not specific of any particular condition. ...Read more

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What are the main causes of cotard's syndrome?

What are the main causes of cotard's syndrome?

Hypothesis: This syndrome is also called "walking dead" because those suffering from it deny they exist; or sometimes that parts of their body are real.Cause is believed to be malfunction in 2 parts of the brain: fusiform gyrus (recognizes faces) & amygdala (processes your emotions. When these 2 areas go haywire and a person cannot recognize what should be familiar faces, holding on to reality is tough. ...Read more

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What condition causes lack of common sense?

Common sense: If common sense actually existed, no one would be talking about it, and why? because it would truly be common, in the most fundamental sense of the word. Now, having said that, people have radically different minds, and what gets top priority and is perfectly logical to one person may completely flummox another. Not that one form of logic is better or worse that the other; they are just different. ...Read more

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What are the causes of adenocarcinomas?

What are the causes of adenocarcinomas?

Depends: Depends on the location since adenocarcinomas can occur in the breast, lung, kidney, stomach, pancreas, esophagus, parotid gland, bladder, colon. So difficult to answer but lung, pancreas, kidney, esophagus and bladder linked to smoking. Hope this helps. ...Read more