Causes of hypernatremia and hypokalemia - Doctor answers

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Dr. Clarence Grim
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Hypokalemia (Definition)

Most labs will define normal as 3.5 to 5. Some may increase the upper limits to 5.2 but anything above 5.5 is clearly abnormal. Level below ...Read more


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Can a bad kidney that now causes pain cause hypokalemia?

Can a bad kidney that now causes pain cause hypokalemia?

Not common: Both condition can co exist sometimes but not always and not common. ...Read more

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If someone has hypernatremia what happens with in the body to cause them to have rapid respiration's?

If someone has hypernatremia what happens with in the body to cause them to have rapid respiration's?

Well: Hypernatremia attempts for correction, include decrease sweat and breathing rate, but hypernatremia could cause nerve irritability and stimulate breathing rate. ...Read more

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How does hyperventilation cause hypernatremia?

How does hyperventilation cause hypernatremia?

It doesn't: Plasma sodium levels are influenced by fluid volume not respiratory rate. ...Read more

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Can fludrocortisone 0.1mg cause Hypernatremia?

Hypernatremia: Yes, all corticosteroids may cause hypernatremia. This is a known possible side-effect of Fludrocortisone. It does not mean that it is the only possibly cause in a patient who is using this medication. Investigations by a doctor needs to be done to exclude other causes. ...Read more

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What may be the cause of hypokalemia disease and how is it treated?

What may be the cause of hypokalemia disease and how is it treated?

Low potassium: Hypokalemia is a low blood potassium level. It can be from many reasons. Usually one sees this with vomiting and diarrhea from gastroenteritis. It is also a common side effect of medications such as diuretics (lasix (furosemide) or Furosemide or hydrochlorothiazide). It can usually be replaced by oral intake of pills or liquid potassium. Sometimes intravenous potassium is needed. Discuss with your doctor. ...Read more

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What are the endocrinal test to be done to know the cause of my hypokalemia?

What are the endocrinal test to be done to know the cause of my hypokalemia?

See below: Plasma renin activity and serum aldosteone levels. Sometimes urine aldosterone levels or cortisol levels. ...Read more

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(1) Can hypernatremia be live-threatening?, and (2) Can hypernatremia be an underlying cause of delirium?

(1) Can hypernatremia be live-threatening?, and (2) Can hypernatremia be an underlying cause of delirium?

Yes and no: Yes, hypernatremia if severe enough, can be life threatening, although this is rare. Hypernatremia itself is unlikely to cause delirium, (it can cause a coma, but not delirium), however the underlying cause of the hypernatremia can cause delirium. ...Read more

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Does hypokalemia cause dizziness?

Does hypokalemia cause dizziness?

Hypokalemia: Depending on the degree of electrolyte imbalance the more dizzy you can become. You may be slightly off with regard to your potassium level. Eat a couple of bananas. They have a lot of potassium, lettuce (romaine) and kale. Also have good potassium levels. A balanced diet with 5 helping of fruits and vegetable per day in recommended. Good luck and feel better! ...Read more

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Causes of hypokalemia with renal impairment?

Why low K kid dis?: There are many. The most likely are the medicines beings to treat your high blood pressure and excess fluid depending on how bad kidneys damaged.
Can lose from vomit, sweat, diarrhea or not eating enough K.
Happy to consult as this is all I do. ...Read more

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Could high aldosterone cause sodium retention? Could it cause hypernatremia?

Could high aldosterone cause sodium retention? Could it cause hypernatremia?

High aldo: Could high aldosterone cause sodium retention? Could it cause hypernatremia? ANS: yes it is the strongest salt retaining hormone. And in classic Conn's syndrome, the most common cause it leads to hyperNa. I have specialized in this for 50 years and happy to help you and team figure out what is going on. Also go to hyperaldosteronism@yahoogroups. Com to meet over 1, 000 others with this problem ...Read more

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What are the causes of low potassium (hypokalemia)?

What are the causes of low potassium (hypokalemia)?

See below: A low potassium level has many causes, some are due to decreased intake, some due to increase loss from the skin, gut eg loose stools, urine eg alcohol intake, tubular problems or magnesium deficiency. Others are due to shift of potassium into the cells. ...Read more

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Can a renal cysts cause hypokalemia?

Can a renal cysts cause hypokalemia?

No: A renal cyst is usually a benign formation within the kidney that usually goes unnoticed until one has an imaging study such as an ultrasound or cat scan that reveals it (them). There can be multiple. There is a condition called polycystic disease of the kidney and this is a different story. A cyst in and of itself in the kidney does not cause low potassium levels (hypokalemia). ...Read more

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Does cardiac arrest cause hypernatremia?

Does cardiac arrest cause hypernatremia?

Not directly: Cardiac arrest by itself would not cause hypernatremia but if the patient has become dehydrated during the events that led to the cardiac arrest, that may explain it. ...Read more

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