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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Hiatal Hernia

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What causes hiatal hernia?

What causes hiatal hernia?

Stretched diaphragm : There is normally a hole in the diaphragm through which passes the esophagus. The diaphragm separates the abdominal and chest cavities, and the chest cavity is like a vacuum. When the normal opening stretches out and becomes large enough, the stomach gets "sucked" into the chest slowly. Why some get this and others don't is largely a mystery. ...Read more

Upper Abdomen (Definition)

Draw a transverse line through the umbilicus and the upper abdomen includes every part of the belly above this line and below the ...Read more


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What causes a hiatal hernia?

What causes a hiatal hernia?

Unknown: The hiatus is the normal hole in the diaphragm muscle thru which the esophagus passes to go from the chest to the abdominal cavity. A hiatal hernia is an enlargement of this opening thru which the stomach can slip up into the chest. This is found in 15% of people & rarely causes symptoms. It is unclear if this develops before birth and/or develops in response to elevated abdominal pressure. ...Read more

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Symptoms of hernia include incarceration?

Symptoms of hernia include incarceration?

Complication : Incarceration is a complication of a hernia. It means that you can not push it in anymore. It stays out. ...Read more

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What are some causes of hiatal hernias?

What are some causes of hiatal hernias?

Enlarged opening: A hiatal hernia occurs when the normal opening in the diaphragm that allows the esophagus to pass through stretches out and allows the stomach to herniate in to the chest. While genetics, trauma, and obesity can be contributing dactors, it is generally not possible to determine why some people develop them and others don't. ...Read more

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Does hiatal hernia cause shortness of breath?

Does hiatal hernia cause shortness of breath?

Asthma-like symptoms: Some people with hiatal hernias may develop gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), which usually causes heartburn. With severe gerd, stomach acid can reflux all the way up the esophagus and then down the trachea, causing asthma-like symptoms. ...Read more

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Can a hiatal hernia cause constant shortness of breath?

Unlikely: Some can get quite large or para esophageal and compress some lung, but i would seek another explanation. Smoking inhalation high altitude heart disease anemia etc. ...Read more

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Can a hiatal hernia cause constipation?

Not likely: Hiatal hernias cause heartburn and regurgitation and other swallowing issues but not constipation. ...Read more

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What causes diaphragmatic hernia?

What causes diaphragmatic hernia?

Lack of development: Poor or incomplete development of the pluroperitoneal membrane which forms the diaphragm muscle. ...Read more

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What causes a diaphragmatic hernia?

What causes a diaphragmatic hernia?

Birth defect: It is a failure of the tissue that will form the diaphragm musle to fuse in the midline and separate the abdominal compartment from the chest compartment. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a strangulated hiatus hernia?

What are the symptoms of a strangulated hiatus hernia?

A few: Usually chest pain and pressure, associated with the inability to eat, and / or vomiting. The vomiting is frequently in the form wretching without liquid or good coming up, or "dry heaves". Could also be vomiting blood. This represents an emergency, life threatening situation. ...Read more

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Is anemia common with hiatal hernia?

Is anemia common with hiatal hernia?

It happens: Large hiatal hernias known as paraesophageal hernias can cause ulcers due to the stomach twisting back and forth. These are known as cameron's erosions, and are not uncommonly the cause of anemia that has no other known cause. I see 1-2 patients per year with multiple tests over 1-2 years, only to finally have their hiatal hernia repaired and their anemia resolved. ...Read more

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How can a hiatal hernia cause shortness of breath?

Inreased Pressure: If you have a large abdominal content protuding thru the opening of the diaphram this may redue the capacity of the lung to expand causing shortness of breath. ...Read more

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Does hiatal hernial cause loss of appetite?

Does hiatal hernial cause loss of appetite?

It could: Hiatal hernia is a deformity whereby the stomach pushes through the diaphragm and parts of the stomach instead of being under the diaphragm sits in the chest cavity. This causes a lot of various symptoms such as pain burping and early satiety which is what you're describing. It can also cause nausea. ...Read more

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Can a small hiatal hernia cause heart problem of any kind?

Can a small hiatal hernia cause heart problem of any kind?

No: What is of importance is that symptoms that may suggest a hiatal hernia may be cardiac in origin. That is why it is important to receive a thorough history and physical examination by your primary care physician and decipher between the symptoms and the primary source. This may require some specific testing and trial of some medical therapy. ...Read more

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Can a hiatal hernia cause nausea?

Unlikely: Hiatal hernias do not usually cause symptoms. In some cases, though, hiatal hernias cause stomach acid to leak into the esophagus. This is called acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux, and it can cause symptoms, including: ?burning in the chest, known as heartburn ?burning in the throat or an acid taste in the throat ?stomach or chest pain ?trouble swallowing ?a raspy voice or a sore throat. ...Read more

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What causes a periumbilical ventral abdominal wall hernia?

What causes a periumbilical ventral abdominal wall hernia?

Opening in muscle : You may have a weakness where your umbilical cord went thru. Or it can be from a surgery that left a weakness there. ...Read more

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What causes inguinal hernias?

What causes inguinal hernias?

Congenital/acquired : The path taken for testicular descend can stay open or predispose one to inguinal herniation - this is aka indirect hernia. The hernia more common with accident, sport injury or heavy lifting as with construction workers is frequently through the direct inguinal space - direct inguinal hernia. ...Read more

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What are the causes of umbilical hernia?

What are the causes of umbilical hernia?

Multiple: The most common causes for an umbilical hernia include stretching and thinning of the abdominal wall with increased intraabdominal pressure. The classic examples are preganant women and obese people. Lack of exercise and abdominal wall atrophy is another cause. Previous incisions around the umbilicus can result in umbilical hernias as well. ...Read more

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Dr. David Earle
1,452 doctors shared insights

Hernia (Definition)

The ascendence of the gastroesophageal junction into the chest above the diaphragm through the ...Read more