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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Hexadactyly

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What're the causes of congenital anomalies?

What're the causes of congenital anomalies?

Multifactorial.: Genetic, environmental, infectious, metabolic reasons or even developmental accidents can cause birth defects. Taking Folic Acid at 1-5 mg daily throughout your reproductive life could prevent 95% of neural tube defects and up to 75% of cardiac defects. ...Read more

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What are the causes of achondroplasia?

What are the causes of achondroplasia?

Mostly random: Most cases arise from a new mutation to normal parents. Achondroplasia is inherited in autosomal dominant fashion as well. Therefore, couples with achondroplasia marries, they have a 25% risk of transmitting their condition , homozygous achondroplasia , to each offspring. ...Read more

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What is the cause of syndactyly?

What is the cause of syndactyly?

Rare and isolated: During the early weeks of pregnancy, the child’s fingers and toes form in a “mitten” of skin. By the end of the second month of pregnancy, the extra skin dissolves, and the fingers and toes should separate. Syndactyly occurs when the fingers and toes do not fully separate during development. Some forms of syndactyly are inherited, while others are sporadic, . Most cases of syndactyly are isolated ...Read more

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What causes clubbing of the fingers?

What causes clubbing of the fingers?

Chronic lack of O2: A chronic lack of oxygen is a common cause of clubbing. ...Read more

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What are the main causes of cotard's syndrome?

What are the main causes of cotard's syndrome?

Hypothesis: This syndrome is also called "walking dead" because those suffering from it deny they exist; or sometimes that parts of their body are real.Cause is believed to be malfunction in 2 parts of the brain: fusiform gyrus (recognizes faces) & amygdala (processes your emotions. When these 2 areas go haywire and a person cannot recognize what should be familiar faces, holding on to reality is tough. ...Read more

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Causes of microcephaly?

Causes of microcephaly?

Varied: There are literally hundreds of things that can cause this including various syndromes, prenatal infections and lack of oxygen during birth just to name a few of the more common causes. ...Read more

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What are the causes of dupuytren's contracture?

What are the causes of dupuytren's contracture?

Mostly genetic: Dupuytren's contracture is a fibroproliferative disorder with a strong family history. Almost 2/3's of people with this disease have an affected family member. There are some associations with diabetes, alcoholism, and the occasional post-injury case. For the most part it is transmitted within families with some northern european ancestry. Disease causes nodules, cords and finger contractures. ...Read more

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What are the most common causes of cotard's syndrome?

What are the most common causes of cotard's syndrome?

Varies: This is a neuropsychiatric disorder most often coexisting with other psychiatric diagnoses like bipolar or schizophrenia.It can also follow head trauma or general accident. It is very rare. The afflicted believe they are either dead (deny living) or believe body parts are missing ( deny vital organs) antidepressants, anti-psychotics, mood stabilisers and electric shock are used successfully. ...Read more

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What are the causes of raynauds syndrome?

What are the causes of raynauds syndrome?

Usually cold: Raynauds involves cold or stress induced vasospasm of small vessels in hands and feet. It is really more of an annoyance than a harmful problem. Calcium channel blockers are the most common medication that physicians use to treat the symptoms of raynauds. The main drawback is the side effects from these medicines. Keeping your hands and feet warm remains the best treatment. ...Read more

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Causes of aniocytosis?

Causes of aniocytosis?

Anisocytosis, having: Red blood cells (rbc's) of different sizes, can be caused by iron deficiency & sickle cell anemias, folate (folic acid) or vitamin B12 deficiency, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, cytotoxic chemotherapy, chronic liver disease, myelodysplastic syndrome, thalassemia major, & thalassemia intermedia. The unequal-sized rbc's are small in some of these disorders & large in others. ...Read more

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Is osteochondrodysplasia the cause of dwarfism?

Is osteochondrodysplasia the cause of dwarfism?

Yes it could: Osteochondrodysplasias are a group of hereditary disorders in which bone or cartilage grows abnormally, so that the skeleton develops abnormally. Many types of osteochondrodysplasia cause dwarfism. Achondroplasia is the most common of the many types of short-limbed dwarfism. ...Read more

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Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Mono or Polyclonal: High levels of immunoglobulins (hypergammaglobulinemia) can be monoclonal (specific) - due to malignant proliferation of plasma cells or lymphocytes as in myeloma or waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Polyclonal (many types) hypergammaglobulinemia is a benign condition due to infection, inflammation causing non-specific gamma globulin production such as in hepatitis, immune and allergic disorders. ...Read more

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Are there genetic causes of down syndrome?

Are there genetic causes of down syndrome?

Yes: Down syndrome is a genetic condition caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. However, it is usually not inherited in families. ...Read more

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Causes of myoclonus?

Causes of myoclonus?

It is a condition: Myoclunus just means jumping or jerking limbs. Usually it is the legs but can be any muscle. At night it may wake you up causing daytime fatigue. It can occur by itself or be part of a number of conditions where nerves in the head are not communicating with the nerves in the spine such as ms, head injury or pinched spinal nerves. Have a neurologist evaluate. ...Read more

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What are the most common causes of retinopathy of prematurity?

What are the  most common causes of retinopathy of prematurity?

Premature birth!: The cause is due to premature birth and possibly use of high oxygen concentration for breathing in premature infants. The retina is not fully developed and vascularized in the periphery and exposure to the air causes the peripheral retina to not vascularize, which can cause contraction, scarring and possible retinal detachment. ...Read more

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What are the causes of congenital anomalies besides bad genes?

What are the causes of congenital anomalies besides bad genes?

Accidents.: Early accidents in the cellular or molecular level can lead to birth defects even when the genetic make-up of the conceptus is normal. Examples: amniotic band sequence, previable rupture of membranes, in utero infections (e.g. Cmv, rubella, toxoplasmosis, herpes, syphilis, hiv), teratogens (heat, drugs, radiation, environmental toxins, alcohol), pregestational diabetes mellitus. ...Read more

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What are the causes of tay-sachs disease?

What are the causes of tay-sachs disease?

Birth defect: Tay sachs disease is caused by a chromosomal abnormality and would be because both parents passed the gene (autosomal recessive) and is seen in 1:3000 babies seen in ashkenazi jewish population. ...Read more

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What is the basic cause of klinefelter syndrome?

What is the basic cause of klinefelter syndrome?

Extra X chromosome: The phenotypic male, with a y chromosome, has more than on x chromosome, associated with poor testicular development, infertility and obesity. ...Read more

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What is the genetic cause of albinism?

What is the genetic cause of albinism?

Albinism vs vitiligo: If you are born with a genetic mutation that prevents production of melanin (and other pigments), then you are an albino and have albinism. If you begin to lose pigment (typically in patches) as you age, then you likely have vitiligo (e.g. Michael jackson), which is a skin condition where the pigment-producing cells die for various reasons. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vitiligo/ds00586. ...Read more

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What are the causes of lipodystrophy?

What are the causes of lipodystrophy?

Many causes: Lipodystrophy, fat redistribution. Two different kinds of lipodystrophy, fat wasting, also known as lipoatrophy; fat loss from certain areas of the body, especially the arms, legs, face, and buttocks) fat accumulation, hyperadiposity; build up especially in belly, breasts, and back of the neck.Immune system. Immune diseases , older age, significant weight changes. Cong. Syndromes, partial or diffuse. ...Read more

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