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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Encephalitis

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What causes spongioform encephalitis?

What causes spongioform encephalitis?

Great question: Spongiform is used by neuro pathologists to describe the appearance of the brain at autopsy. Many early cases could not be determined as to cause. The patient had a prolonged miserable course and then died. No specific cause could be found, but the brain was full of small holes like a sponge. We now know most are caused by latent viruses or prions. ...Read more

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Dr. Tatiana Falcone
168 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more


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What type of epilepsy can be caused by encephalitis?

What type of epilepsy can be caused by encephalitis?

Seizures: Seizures can occur in encephalitis. Depending on the severity of the disease, they can be self-limited and resolve completely, needing no medications, or the patient may have intractable seizures needing prolonged treatment and having an increased risk of death. ...Read more

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Can steroids help reduce swelling caused by encephalitis?

Can steroids help reduce swelling caused by encephalitis?

Yes, sometimes: Encephalitis (brain swelling) may be mild to severe. Active medical management is required in both the diagnosis and treatment of the problem. Steroids are sometimes used, as they are a very useful at reducing inflammation. Though they are not used for all patients who present with encephalitis, they are part of many treatment regimens. ...Read more

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Can flu mist nasal spray cause meningitis, encephalitis or death ?

Can flu mist nasal spray cause meningitis, encephalitis or death ?

Unlikely: No deaths have been reported with nasal vaccine. In large series there were no severe side effects. There are few reports of meningitis and even fewer of encephalitis that were reported after introduction of the vaccine. These complications are listed in the package insert and the fda web site. Considering the huge number of children and adults vaccinated, these complications are unlikely. ...Read more

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What bacteria can cause encephalitis?

What bacteria can cause encephalitis?

There are 3 main bac: streptococcal pnumoiae, neisseria meningitidis, and haemophilus influenzae. There are several others as well ...Read more

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I have cancer, can this cause encephalitis?

I have cancer, can this cause encephalitis?

No: Encephalitis is an infection of the brain. Cancer and the chemotherapy may lower the immune system and increase risk of infection. This is not a direct cause for encephalitis, but just increases the risk. Cancer may spread and go to the brain and produce an inflammatory state similar to encephalitis. Remote effects of cancer can cause strange brain behavior "limbic encephalitis". ...Read more

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Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Yes: West nile virus is caused by an infection transmitted via a mosquito bite. Many people may be exposed to the virus but never develop symptoms. When symptoms do develop, it is typically fever and headache although more severe symptoms may occur. The cdc has info on west nile activity nationwide: http://www.Cdc.Gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.Htm. ...Read more

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Can both viruses and bacteria cause encephalitis?

Can both viruses and bacteria cause encephalitis?

Yes: Encephalitis just means an infection of the brain. Meningitis is an infection of the outer coating that protects the brain. Meningo-encephalitis is the combination of the two. Bacteria usually go first to the meninges but can then progress into the brain. Viruses usually go first to the brain but may set up a inflammation of the meninges as well. ...Read more

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Can a roundworm infection cause encephalitis?

Unlikely: I believe this is unlikely. I don't believe ascaris lumbricoides can travel into the brain, as it is fecally transmitted, and the parasite and its eggs do not enter the bloodstream. ...Read more

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