Doctor insights on:
Causes Of Disc Degeneration
Many cause: Spine degeneration has many causes and most of which are really not well understood. Some people get degeneration earlier than others and no one really knows why. In actuality, if we live long enough everyone will eventually develop it. Genetics probably plays a role but we don't know which genes. How much you abuse your body over the years also likely adds to the wear and tear of the process. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many possible causes: Obesity is a factor in oa. In the spine smoking is a factor. There are structural factors - if you have bowed legs or knocked knees you have a higher risk of oa. Prior injury, especially if it involves a joint, is a factor. A malunion of a fracture could lead to oa. Overuse and microtrauma may be a factor. Inflammatory disease can lead to degenerative joint disease. And, of course, there are gene. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Genetics: In a research study started in 1991 and published in 2009 (the spine journal 9 pg. 47-59), identical and nonidentical twins were longitudinally studied. Twins had widely differing levels of risk factors (activity, smoking, occupation) thought to cause ddd. This study showed that there is a strong genetic component to ddd and that external risk factors previously belived to be important, were not. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Number of factors: Macular degeneration (amd) is primarily an age-related disease (age 50+), but there are genetic and environmental factors that contribute to age of onset and severity. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease (stroke, heart attack) are also risk factors for amd. Smoking is the top modifiable risk factor. Of course, there is a lot we still don't understand about amd. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
MRI of my Cervical Spine
There is disc degenerative changes with associated impingement of the thecal sac , exit neuroforaminal encroachment.
MRI result?: So- what does this mean? It is common for MRI of the c-spine to show degenerative changes. Impingement of the thecal sac is not normally concerning. It is unclear what is meant by "exit neuroforaminal encroachment". Was there encroachment or not? If it is there, this normally means nerve root encroachment, which can cause symptoms that affect the arms. ...Read more
Misnomer: For practical purposes, it's a misnomer describing an aging disc. It's like telling someone with wrinkles that she suffers from "degenerative skin disease". Radiologists love to use this term, so do busy spine surgeons. "disease" makes it sound like you urgently need a fusion or artificial disc implant. All our discs "degenerate" over time and most of us never have any trouble from that. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
What is neural forminal hypertrophic vhanges of the ligamentum flavum bilataterally bulging of intervertebral disc and facet arthropathy?
Anatomy: Not enough space here to write. If you google these things, you will find nice pictures to explain it all. Foramen is the "hole" in the bone where your nerve roots exit. Facets are the joints that hold vertebrae together. Ligamentum flavum is a ligament within the bones that runs down the spinal canal. All of these problems you mention can lead to back pain and nerve related pain. ...Read more
Mri shows herniated l5-s1 and moderate disc degeneration of same disc is this from herniation or is it unrelated, will degeneration reverse?
Unlikely: The degeneration will not reverse but the herniation might if you rest it and get some therapy. ...Read more
Lumbar radiculopathy: There are many treatments for lumbar radiculopathy like heat pads, accupuncture, chiropractic therapy, exercise, massage, medications, injections ... Please see a pain management doctor for evaluation. You might benefit from a comprehensive evaluation and treatment. ...Read moreSee 5 more doctor answers
Age, degeneration, : Vertebral body may shift over another below it due to incompetence/laxity of facet joints at that level due to degeneratiion of joints which may become arthritic. This is seen with increasing age particularly in post menopausal girls & has a higher association in females than males & may be related to lower bone density developing in addition to degeneration. Also seen with rheumatoid arthritis. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
MRI shows advanced disc degeneration at C5-6 with central protrusion causing mass effect upon the cord and central canal stenosis. There are also bil?
Grade2 Spondylolisthesis of L5/S1. Circumferential disc buldge & minimal narrowing of neural formina. Disc buldge impinges S1. Can this cause hip pain?
Semantics: A ruptured disc is indicative of a tear in the annulus fibrosis which contains a gelatinous substance, and the rupture sticks out beyond a few mm. If the disc rupture is large enough, it could contact nerve roots or even the spinal cord, and as it gets closer, it is termed encroachment. ...Read more
Decreased vision: Both the wet and dry forms of armd cause decrease in central vision. Distortion is often an early symptom and an amsler grid is a good self screening tool. Vision loss from the dry form is usually slowly progressive and lessor in degree than the wet form which can have very dramatic decrease in vision that is rapid and significant. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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