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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

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What causes diabetes mellitus type 1 to develop in children?

What causes diabetes mellitus type 1 to develop in children?

Autoimmunity: Autoimmune destruction of beta cells in the islets of pancreas abrogates the ability to produce insulin. This may be instigated by viral infection, however no specific agent has been identified. ...Read more

Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,215 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

Diabetes is a disease of increased blood glucose levels. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the intake of food. Insulin is a type of hormone that removes the glucose from the blood and moves it into the cells to provide them with energy. There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not make any insulin. Therefore, glucose stays inside the blood and does not move into the cells. Type 2 diabetes, which is commonly associated with obesity, is when the body is either resistant to the effects of insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin. Increased levels of glucose in the body causes severe damage to the ...Read more


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What kind of condition is diabetes mellitus type 1 (diabetes type 1)?

What kind of condition is diabetes mellitus type 1 (diabetes type 1)?

Lack of insulin: Due to destruction of the Insulin producing cells of the pancreas, the body is incapable of making insulin. It often, but not always, occurs in children and young adults. It must be treated with insulin. Type 2 is due to the body's inability to use Insulin efficiently. It can be treated either with pills or insulin, and usually, but not always, occurs in adults. ...Read more

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What other health problems can diabetes mellitus type 1 cause you?

What other health problems can diabetes mellitus type 1 cause you?

Many: Blindness, heart disease, hardening of the arteries, renal failure, amputations to name a few. Most accelerated by poor control. ...Read more

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Anyone knows what are the other causes of diabetes mellitus type 2 besides food?

Yes: There are other risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes beside bad food choices: obesity, family history of diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, history of gestational diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndromes, older age, metabolic syndrome, history of giving birth to a baby > 9 lbs.... ...Read more

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What are the tests for diabetes mellitus type 1?

What are the tests for diabetes mellitus type 1?

Blood Tests: Once someone is shown to have diabetes, the next question is type 1 (can't make insulin) or type 2 (resistant to insulin). Usually this can be answered by age, height-weight information, family history, and other simple questions. If actual testing is needed, tests for Insulin levels, c-peptide, or antibodies to insulin-producing cells can be checked. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1?

What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1?

Triad: Polydipsia, polyuria and weight loss despite polyphagia. High blood sugars cause excessive urination and resulting excessive thirst. As the body cannot use glucose properly, the children usually lose weight despite eating more. In complicated cases diabetic ketoacidosis and coma may result. ...Read more

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Can you tell me more about diabetes mellitus type 1?

Autoimmune: Type 1 diabetes is more frequent in the juvenile years though you can get it at any time, that is why it used to be called juvenille diabetes. For reasons yet to be identified( there could be many) your body makes antibodies against the cells that produce Insulin destroying them and rendering the person Insulin deficient. ...Read more

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What complications are common in diabetes mellitus type 1 in children?

What complications are common in diabetes mellitus type 1 in children?

Several: Complications of poorly controlled type 1 diabetes is similar to type 2 and include heart disease, blindness, nerve damage, wounds that don't heal possibly leading to amputation, and kidney damage. The earlier you develop diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the higher the risk of developing complications. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 in children who have not been diagnosed?

Triad: Polydipsia, polyuria and weight loss despite polyphagia. High blood sugars cause excessive urination and resulting excessive thirst. As the body cannot use glucose properly, the children usually lose weight even as they are hungrier. In complicated cases diabetic ketoacidosis and coma may result. ...Read more

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