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Doctor insights on: Causes Of Adenoma

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Dr. Murthy Andavolu
1,358 doctors shared insights

Adenoma (Definition)

Adenoma = a ...Read more


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Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Causes of hypergammaglobulinemia?

Mono or Polyclonal: High levels of immunoglobulins (hypergammaglobulinemia) can be monoclonal (specific) - due to malignant proliferation of plasma cells or lymphocytes as in myeloma or waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Polyclonal (many types) hypergammaglobulinemia is a benign condition due to infection, inflammation causing non-specific gamma globulin production such as in hepatitis, immune and allergic disorders. ...Read more

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What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

No Simple Answer: It is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, both of which are not well understood at this time. In most patients, we do not know why they developed thyroid cancer. In occasional cases, the cause can be traced back to something specific (i.e. Prior exposure to radiation therapy to the neck or to other sources of radiation). ...Read more

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What causes hyperplasia of a gland?

What causes hyperplasia of a gland?

Which gland: Different glands have different stimuli to which they respond. Breast responds to sex hormones, adrenal responds to ACTH, some glands enlarge, though not strictly hyper-plastic due to inflammation, e.g. salivary glands. You may view this site: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003441.htm For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more

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What's the cause of neuro endocrine tumors?

What's the cause of neuro endocrine tumors?

Unknown: Like so many other cancers, the cause of neuro-endocrine cancer is unknown. Just consider this to be an accident of nature and accept it as your destiny. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of retroperitoneal tumor and its causes?

Pathophysiology of retroperitoneal tumor and its causes?

It depends on what y: The causes of any tumor regardless of its location are difficult to pin point. The retroperitoneal tumors are frequently sarcomas which require a specialist who manages retroperitoneal sarcomas routinely because a complete resection of the tumor is critically essential for a good outcome. Otherwise such tumors have a very high rate of local recurrence. ...Read more

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Causes of aniocytosis?

Causes of aniocytosis?

Anisocytosis, having: Red blood cells (rbc's) of different sizes, can be caused by iron deficiency & sickle cell anemias, folate (folic acid) or vitamin B12 deficiency, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, cytotoxic chemotherapy, chronic liver disease, myelodysplastic syndrome, thalassemia major, & thalassemia intermedia. The unequal-sized rbc's are small in some of these disorders & large in others. ...Read more

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What causes elevation of the parathyroid hormone?

What causes elevation of the parathyroid hormone?

Depends: If you have a primary parathyroid gland disorder, then it is the gland(s) secreting too much. But if you have renal disease, it may result in 'secondary" hyperparathyroidism -- in which your body is trying to decrease the serum phosphorus level and increase serum calcium levels. ...Read more

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What are common causes of brain cysts?

What are common causes of brain cysts?

Can be infectious: Benign cysts can be congenital. They can come from some infections (parasites) or a cyst can sometimes be from head trauma. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

What are the symptoms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

Classic or non?: Classic cah is diagnosed mostly on newborn screening. It results from a block in the synthesis of cortisol and usually also aldosterone. Females will often have ambiguous genitalia. Males don't look different. Permanent replacement with Hydrocortisone & Fludrocortisone (may not need past childhood) are needed for sustaining life and salt balance. Pediatric endocrinologists follow very closely. ...Read more

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What are causes of pain in 3cm solitary benign thyroid nodule? And treatment?

What are causes of pain in 3cm solitary benign thyroid nodule? And treatment?

Your Dr is the guide: You need to tell us more...Why did you go to your doctor to start with? What has he/she advised you to do?. The cause of pain is unknown. It can be bleeding into a cyst. Cancer cannot be excluded unless you get this thyroid nodule removed surgically. ...Read more

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What are the known causes of thymic carcinoma?

What are the known causes of thymic carcinoma?

None are common: The vast majority of thymic carcinomas of all sorts "just happen", without any identifiable risk factors. Genetic mutation is a lottery over the lifetime, and some folks are lucky enough to escape all cancers through old age, but others may end up with an unusual one such as thymic carcinoma. Some of them are very curable while others are tough; i wish you luck. ...Read more

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What can cause hyperplasia of the pituitary gland?

What can cause hyperplasia of the pituitary gland?

Pituitary: Are you reading a path report? Hyperplasia means proliferation of cells. Pituitary cells can do this for many reasons. Normal physiology, eg. lactating, pregnancy, growth spurt during teens. If you are hypothyroid, your pituitary will increase TSH -cells. Abnormal hormone production (prolactin, ACTH, GH) would involve hyperplasia. The path report must be correlated with the overall picture. ...Read more

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What are the causes of ovarian cancer?

What are the causes of ovarian cancer?

Many.: Common risk factors include family history of gynecologic cancer (including ovarian and breast cancers), nulligravidity (i.e. Few or no pregnancies), polycystic ovarian syndrome, smoking, endometriosis, and obesity. As with the majority of cancers, ovarian cancer develops with characteristic genetic alterations that lead to unchecked growth of cells. This process is multifactorial. ...Read more

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What causes a pituitary tumor that produces excess amounts of growth hormone?

What causes a pituitary tumor that produces excess amounts of growth hormone?

Dumb luck: There are rare genetic syndromes, but most strike at random. It is nothing you or anybody else did. If you're a youngster or teen, it'll make you taller and make your face "unconventional" -- your choice; if you've reached your full growth, you owe it to yourself to have it managed by whatever means is best -- seek a couple of opinions. Good luck. ...Read more

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What are the common symptoms of multiple endocrine neoplasia?

What are the common symptoms of multiple endocrine neoplasia?

Depends on Organ: They cover so many organs because pituitary, parathyroid, thyroid, pancreas and adrenal glands can all be affected. The symptoms are usually non-specific, such as fatigue, weight loss, tremor, visual changes, heart irregularities, diarrhea, high blood presssure, etc. There are too many to list here -- but usually additional testing is required to document this uncommon disease group. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone?

What are the symptoms of excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone?

Many symptoms: Parathyroid hormone is responsible for regulating calcium level in blood. The most common cause of hyperparathyroidism is a growth on your parathyroid gland causing overproduction of this hormone. If high, it will raise calcium level in your blood causing osteoporosis, kidney stones, kidney problems, bone pain, constipation, abdominal pain, psychological problems... ...Read more

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What are some causes of thyroid nodules?

Most: Thyroid nodules are benign some however can be cancerous. If you have a lump in your thyroid it should be followed closely by your doctor. Most benign thyroid nodules occur spontaneously without any known cause. As often happens with organs that have a secretory function (ie ovaries)fluid filled inclusions can form and grow. Follow-up with your treating physician. ...Read more

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What are the major presenting symptoms of pituitary tumor?

What are the major presenting symptoms of pituitary tumor?

Visual & endocrine: Any tumor of the pituitary may affect the optic nerve and produces visual disturbances. The endocrine symptoms depend on the cell type involved and if it makes a hormone. If the tumor does not make hormones it causes deficiency of thyroid, adrenal and gonadal hormones. Excess production of hormone may cause hyperthyroidism and cushing syndrome etc. ...Read more