Doctor insights on:
Carotid Artery Disease Ultrasound
Carotid stenosis: In the carotid arteries the flow of blood goes from being linear to being turbulent due to the "fork in the road" at the bifurcation. This causes the area of the proximal internal and external carotid arteries to develop plaque. This plaque leads to narrowing of the artery. The material that is causing the narrowing is fragile and can break off and cause a stroke. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
An ultraound, also known as a sonogram, is a painless and relatively inexpensive imaging test that utilizes sound waves instead of ionizing radiation. There are no side effects. Ultrasound can give us two-dimensional, and in some applications three-dimensional, images of structures and organs in virtually any part of the body. In addition to diagnostic uses, such as evaluating abnormalities in the abdomen, pelvis, and breast, ultrasounds are commonly used to guide needle and catheter placement in a variety of surgical ...Read more
May be: Echocardiograms are very good at seeing the function of the heart muscle. If coronary artery disease has damaged the heart, the weekend part of the heart will be visible on an echocardiogram. However, significant blockage can occur without damage. A resting echocardiogram will not be able to see this. A stress echocardiogram, however, may be effective in detecting this type of disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Doppler Ultrasound: Ultrasound has proven to be cost-effective and quite accurate in determining the degree of narrowing in the carotid artery. Many vascular surgeons, including myself, solely rely on it to decide whether someone needs an operation. Mra is not so good and over-estimates the actual degree of narrowing. I would not rely on its findings to decide on operating. As mentioned a cta is much better. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Very: Carotid ultrasounds are very accurate. Not only can the plaque morphology be evaluated, but the degree of narrowing can be accurately estimated by measuring the peak systolic velocities. Complete carotid ultrasounds also evaluate the vertebral, subclavian and intracranial arteries. Ct angiograms are often done to confirm ultrasound findings prior to surgery. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
CAD: Coronary artery disease is defined as obstructive lesions in the coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle . These start as areas of inflammation that progress into obstructions and affect the different layers of the blood vessel wall (from inside out). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Carotid artery disease, different results from duplex ultrasound vs. Ct angiogram (cta), is that possible?
None: Calcification of any artery, by itself, does not warrant any type of intervention or follow up. If that calcification is associated with a stenosis ("narrowing") of the artery, then that may require follow up and/or an operation. The carotid arteries are very often calcified and if associated with a high grade stenosis, may portend a higher risk of stroke. Discuss with a vascular surgeon. ...Read more
Coronary Angiography report concluded;"atherosclerotic coronary artery disease showing moderate proximal LAD mixed stenotic lesion 50%"what it means?
Test Result: I find it is best to discuss any test result with the physician who did the test or ordered the test. They can interpret it knowing all the clinical history involved and tell you exactly what is going on. ...Read more
Sort of: Yes it runs in families so if your parents have it you are more likely to also. This is partly because risk factors such as diabetes are also inherited. It is very complicated however, much more so than hair or eye color for instance because there are so many factors to consider. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Elderly Hypertensive: Carotid stenosis usually occurs secondary to longstanding atherosclerosis. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. It takes time for atherosclerotic plaques to develop, so most patients with carotid artery stenosis are older adults. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
2 things: Carotid artery stenosis means narrowing of the artery. Stroke is death or damage to brain due to circulatory issues. Many strokes (approx 1/3rd) are due to carotid artery disease. Although frequently connected, they are not the same. Many strokes occur without carotid stenosis. Many carotids are completely occluded (slowly) without resultant strokes. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
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