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Carotic Arteries: The human carotid arteries supply the head and the neck with oxygenated blood. The left common carotid artery originates from the aorta and the right common carotid originates from the brachiocephalic artery which originates from the aorta. The carotic artery divides in the neck to form the internal and external carotic arteries.See 1 more doctor answer
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
Atherosclerosis: The atherosclerotic plaque builds up at the bifurcation="branch point of the common carotid into external (face) and internal (brain) components. It may remain asymptomatic or may cause TIA or stroke. Commonly a significant narrowing is 80-99% there is a large medical scientific literature on this subject.See 2 more doctor answers
Ultrasound: By an ultrasound exam of the neck arteries.See 1 more doctor answer
No: A dowager's hump will not affect carotid artery flow. Disease in the carotid artery will affect flow.See 1 more doctor answer
Vascular surgeon: This may be a normal variant and have no clinical significance, but to be sure I recommend an evaluation by a vascular surgeon.
CEA: The gold standard for carotid stenosis is carotid endarterectomy.See 4 more doctor answers
Variable: Can be many results including: nothing, blood accumulation in the neck, ecchymosis (black and blue mark), hematoma (firm mass of blood), or, in the worse case, a stroke.
Depends: Many people can either block one carotid, or have one carotid occluded surgically (ie for trauma or ecmo) and go on to live normal lives and never know. Likewise, some people can have devastating strokes from it.See 1 more doctor answer
Carotid Pain: Carotid artery pain is also called carotodynia. This is caused by inflammation of the arterial bulb, where the internal and external arteries divide from the common carotid artery. I recommend large doses of nsaids, such as Ibuprofen 800 mg three times / day for fourteen days. Prednisone is also generally very effective, but is used only if nsaids don't work. See your primary care healthcare provi.See 1 more doctor answer
Death: You don't need a physician to explain that this leads pretty quickly to death.
"Nicked": "nicked" is a word some physicians use to describe an unintentional injury caused in the process of providing medical care by a trained person. Depending on the extent of the injury to the carotid artery, the consequences can range from nothing to causing a stroke. This would be really unfortunate, but these things can and do happen with some regularity.
Total Occlusion: Total Occlusion means that it is completely blocked and no blood can flow through it. That is very bad. The brain is where the blood is going! If you have disease in any artery, you probably have disease in other arteries. Inflammation is one of the main causes.
Yes: Depends on the situation and the degree of injury. It's unlikely an open stab wound that severs the artery in half could be saved just because of the logistics of getting the person to surgery in time. If the wound is closed (like the skin) tampanode can slow the bleeding enough to give the patient more time survive until surgery.
Not likely: A stenosis of the carotid arteries as in any other artery is a process that takes years to develop and is referred to as plaque. Plaque that has developed in the artery does not go away on its own. It can be removed reliably and safely with endarterectomy of the carotid artery. Massaging the carotid arteries will likely not help the situation and may dislodge unstable plaque making it dangerous.See 2 more doctor answers
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