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Doctor insights on: Cardiac Catheterization Lab

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What is a cardiac catheterization?

What is a cardiac catheterization?

Diagnose ; treat: A cardiac catheterization is test done in an special x-ray suite (catheterization laboratory) where long, thin, flexible tubes are directed to the heart through veins and/or arteries to diagnose and treat various forms of heart disease. In the best hands, this is an important tool with valuable results and low risks. ...Read more

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Dr. Francis Uricchio
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Cardiac Catheterization (Definition)

This is a procedure where narrow, flexible tubes are inserted into a peripheral artery through a cut in the skin, and advanced to the heart. Dye can be injected through the catheters into the arteries of the heart to look for blockages ("angiogram"), or to measure pressure within the cardiac chambers ("right heart cath"). Arteries can be opened with balloons/stents at the ...Read more


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Why is cardiac catheterization done?

Why is cardiac catheterization done?

Variety of reasons: Cardiac catheterization is performed to assist in the diagnosis of a wide variety of heart problems. Measurements are made of pressure, blood flow, and oxygen saturation in the heart. X-ray dye is injected and pictures taken of the arteries and chambers of the heart. Based on the information obtained, a treatment plan is developed. ...Read more

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What is cardiac catheterization help?

What is cardiac catheterization help?

Its diagnostic: Cardiac catheterization is a diagnostic test to evaluate pts with coronary artery blockages, valve disease, congenital heart problems etc. From there the operator determines if surgery or stenting etc is needed. Its very accurate but is invasive. ...Read more

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Can you describe cardiac catheterization?

Can you describe cardiac catheterization?

See Below: Usually, sedation is given - a 2mm incision is made in the femoral artery at the groin, a sheath is inserted, the artery is cannulated with a catheter, dye is injected via catheter to provide contrast so that the cardiologist can read the images via fluoroscopy (x-ray).The injection of dye is repeated to attain images of the heart from enough angles to provide a complete 'picture' of coronaries. ...Read more

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What are cardiac catheterization procedures?

What are cardiac catheterization procedures?

Catheterization : The procedure involves sliding catheters through your blood vessels to the heart. The catheters are used to measure pressures, take samples, inject dye for imaging and other purposes. When imaging is performed with cath we call it angiography. Often they go together. ...Read more

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What is the purpose of a cardiac catheterization?

What is the purpose of a cardiac catheterization?

Diagnosis: To diagnose disease process and plan treatment pre op for surgery CABG sx valve sx pfo closure cardiomyopathy treatment- ie. Alcohol ablation precedure treatment. ...Read more

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Who are candidates for a cardiac catheterization?

Who are candidates for a cardiac catheterization?

Diagnosis/treatment: Candidates for cardiac catheterization include 1) a patient in whom additional information is required to make a diagnosis, or 2) the diagnosis is known but detailed anatomical information is required to determine the appropriate type of therapy. ...Read more

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What are complications of cardiac catheterization?

What are complications of cardiac catheterization?

Multiple: Principal complications are stroke, myocardial infarction, death, bleeding, and infection. The risks of stroke, mi, death, and infection are one in 1000. The risk of bleeding at the puncture site is approximately 1 in 100. If an angioplasty or stent is performed, the risks are higher. ...Read more

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What kind of complications might happen from a cardiac catheterization?

What kind of complications might happen from a cardiac catheterization?

Partial list: Bleeding, infection, irregular heart beat, perforation of the heart, heart attack, dissection of the aorta, cardiac arrest, stroke, renal failure, gangrene, pseudo aneurysm, shock, death. ...Read more

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What are the risks of cardiac catheterization?

What are the risks of cardiac catheterization?

Rare serious risks: The complication rate for serious adverse events with a routine heart cath is on the order of 1/1000 to 1/10000. While rare, when they do happen they are quite serious, so you should always make the decision for a heart cath in conjunction with an experienced cardiologist. The most common issues are bruising at the cath site in the groin. ...Read more

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How could someone prevent cardiac catheterization?

How could someone prevent cardiac catheterization?

Not consent: If you don't want a cardiac catheterization, you simply don't consent to it being scheduled. However, this may be a very bad idea; if you have indications for a cardiac cath, you probably need that level of diagnostic imaging. Speak with your cardiologist and make sure you understand the risks of not doing the test. Be careful. ...Read more

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Which catheter is used in a cardiac catheterization?

Which catheter is used in a cardiac catheterization?

CATH: There are a multitude of catheter choices depending on the technique, the site of catheterization and the individual preference of the operator. ...Read more

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What information can be revealed by a cardiac catheterization?

Pressures: In addition to coronary anatomy and evaluation of the valves and the heart muscle, cardiac catheterization allows measurements to be obtained inside the heart chambers to determine how well the heart pumps and fills, as well as the blood pressure in the lungs. More advanced evaluation may include an intracoronary (inside the blood vessel) ultrasound to see and measure blockages (plaques). ...Read more

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What is the difference between an ivus and a cardiac catheterization?

What is the difference between an ivus and a cardiac catheterization?

IVUS : A heart cath is the procedure to place a catheter in the heart arteries. Usually contrast is injected to see blockages. Ivus is intravascular ultrasound which may be performed during the heart cath to clarify questionable blockages. ...Read more

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What post-op care is recommended to patients of cardiac catheterization?

What post-op care is recommended to patients of cardiac catheterization?

Rest and fluids: Post cardiac cath. Pts should rest and not lift greater than ten pounds or drive for 48 hrs. Drink plenty of water to flush out the dye and keep an eye on the access site for pain or color change. After 48 hrs if no isues are noted patient can resume normal activities. Meds such as glucophage or Coumadin (warfarin) special instructions for restarting will be given. Notify your dr if pain fever numbness etc. ...Read more

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When should someone stop consuming alcohol before cardiac catheterization?

When should someone stop consuming alcohol before cardiac catheterization?

Long before: Alcohol is a toxin to the heart and more than two drinks a day has been associated with arrhythmias and heavy drinking can lead to weakening of the heart. Alcohol in moderation is good for the heart up to 2 glasses of red wine daily. Since, alcohol can interact with medications, one should not consume alcohol for at least 24 hours prior to angiography. Chronic drinkers, are a risk for withdrawl. ...Read more

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Where are the catheters inserted during a cardiac catheterization procedure?

Tubes: Catheters are about 100 cms long plastic tubes with one or more holes and preformed flexible tips to make it easy to direct into the openings of the coronary arteries. ...Read more

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Is it contraindicated to get more than one stent during a cardiac catheterization procedure?

No: No, we do it all the time. Although it is unusual, I have put in as many as 7 stents at one time. The average number of stents per patient is 1 .5. ...Read more

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What is cardiac catheterization?

What is cardiac catheterization?

Tubes & X-Ray Info: A tube in inserted via a peripheral artery &/or vein, passed through the vessel to the heart arteries & into &/or through the heart chambers to measure pressure, blood flow &/or "see blood" via dye injected into the blood flowing through artery(s) &/or vein(s) near/around heart. Dye in the blood makes blood column show on X-Ray for a few seconds to see outline of artery &/or heart chamber opening. ...Read more

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Dr. Lynne Weixel
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Laboratory (Definition)

Is facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific research, experiments & measurements are performed. An example is medical (clinical) lab where tests are done on clinical specimens in order to get info. About the health of a patient in terms ...Read more


Catheterization (Definition)

This means placing a catheter (hollow tube) into the body. Different catheters are used for different body parts ...Read more