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Doctor insights on: Cardiac Cachexia

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How often do doctors look at tumor necrosis factor in a patients blood when definitively diagnosing someone for cardiac cachexia?

How often do doctors look at tumor necrosis factor in a patients blood when definitively diagnosing someone for cardiac cachexia?

Never heard of it: As a pathologist / lab specialist, let me reassure you. The diagnosis of cardiac cachexia is made on the most valuable of all tests -- the history and physical exam. Labs are useful when, and only when, they detect disease that you'd miss on h;p. Tumor necrosis factors were once called "cachexins" and may or may not have something to do with the curious wasting seen in cancer. ...Read more

Dr. Jeffrey Stevens
57 doctors shared insights

Unintentional Weight Loss (Definition)

Weight loss that occurs that was not intended. Or in other words, there was no change in daily routine, exercise level, or eating habits yet the person ...Read more


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How is cachexia corrected?

How  is cachexia  corrected?

Cachexia: Cachexia: 1st we need to define what is causing it . For instance ( a cancer, anorexia, bulemia, malabsorbtion, and gastrointestinal infection etc). Cachexia is another way to say abnormal weight loss. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of cachexia?

What is the prognosis of cachexia?

Cachexia: Cachexia is progressive disease ivolving wasting of the body usually caused by amalignant tumor or disease. Prognosis is not a good one. ...Read more

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Difference between anorexia and cachexia?

Difference between anorexia and cachexia?

Definitions: Anorexia is no appetite for whatever reason. Cachexia is a wasting of the body tissues, especially affecting lean body mass / muscle, seen in cancer and the most severe inflammatory diseases. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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Cachexia is a condition in which so few calories are consumed that even fat is used up, right?

Cachexia is a condition in which so few calories are consumed that even fat is used up, right?

More or less: Cachexia is usually associated with serious diseases, e.g., disseminated cancer, advanced aids and is driven by cytokines that accelerate metabolism, depress appetite and promote consumption of fat. There is negative imbalance between intake and expenditure of calories. ...Read more

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What could (HCC)mean after a persons health condition,example-Cachexia(HCC) or Pancytopenia(HCC)?

What could (HCC)mean after a persons health condition,example-Cachexia(HCC) or Pancytopenia(HCC)?

See below: In medicine HCC is a shorthand for hepatocellular carcinoma. It is not clear if that term is applicable to the your circumstance. You may consult this site for more information: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000280.htm ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: cachexia?

What is the definition or description of: cachexia?

Cachexia: Cancer cachexia is a syndrome of weight loss, muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness, and significant loss of appetite in someone who is not actively trying to lose weight. ...Read more

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Why are some people with pneumonia at risk for cachexia?

Why are some people with pneumonia at risk for cachexia?

Its the reverse: Cachexia is a sign of either nutritional deficiency or severe chronic underlying disease which releases inflammatory compounds that cause loss of muscle tissue and body mass. A large number of diseases do this, like cancer and advanced heart disease. This condition will lower the ability to fight infection and increase the risk of all infections including pneumonia. ...Read more

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What are factors contributing to cancer cachexia?

What are factors contributing to cancer cachexia?

Cancer and treatment: The greek words kakos="bad things", & hexus="state of being. Cancer cachexia is characterized by diminished nutrient intake and progressive tissue depletion, both of which lead to weight loss. Cytokine activation and tumor-derived cachexia-inducing substances are thought to be the causes.In some cases, cancer treatment may also contribute to loss of lean body mass in patients with advanced cancer. ...Read more

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I was diagnosed with cachexia and I smoked some marijuana. Whould that help appetite?

I was diagnosed with cachexia and I smoked some marijuana. Whould that help appetite?

Maybe: Cachexia is not a complete diagnosis, as the underlying cause may not have been identified. Furthermore, smoking marijuana is not a medical treatment, since dosage is not standardized or regulated. Marinol has been used to treat cachexia associated with difference medical conditions. ...Read more

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When cachexia from emphysema causes emaciation, what can be done?

When cachexia from emphysema causes emaciation, what can be done?

Treatment: The goal of controlling dyspnea in patients with severe COPD can help. Using multiple inhalers (both short and long acting), a pde inhibitor (new drug class), plus exercise seems to help the most. However, weight loss due to COPD is a sign of severe illness and end of life planning (if not already done) should be considered strongly. ...Read more

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I would just like some advice for someone showing early signs of cancer related cachexia please. ?

I would just like some advice for someone showing early signs of cancer related cachexia please. ?

Cachexia: occurs in many conditions and is common with many cancers. The general physical wasting and malnutrition usually associated with chronic disease. A new drug, anamorelin, improves appetite and body mass in patients with cancer. The drug is not available in the US and more research is needed. ...Read more

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How can heart failure lead to cachexia?

How can heart failure lead to cachexia?

Hormonal: Severe and chronic heart failure can set into motion alterations of chemicals in the blood similar to other severe illnesses. Additional changes in appetite and psychological changes can affect diet as well as physical deconditioning. All of these factors can cumulatively lead to muscle wasting syndromes. Mild heart failure is usually not associated with these severe physiologic manifestations. ...Read more

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How is cachexia corrected in prostate cancer?

How is cachexia corrected in prostate  cancer?

It is difficult: Cachexia from any cancer is difficult to treat. Many reasons can lead to poor appetite, from apathy to lack of hunger or not even being able to taste foods well thus decreasing appetite. I'd recommend that you work with a dietician who is familiar with cancer patients. Protein calories seem to be quite important as well. I have not seen doctors use Megace (megestrol) an appetite stimulant in these cases. ...Read more

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Would the presence of cachexia in a patient who's completed chemo/rad, always suggest active cancer? Is it possible to have even when cancer is gone?

Would the presence of cachexia in a patient who's completed chemo/rad, always suggest active cancer? Is it possible to have even when cancer is gone?

See below: If the tumor is entirely gone, the patient should gain weight. If the person remains cachectic the cause should be investigated. Damage from the treatment, e.g., radiation damage to the intestine may prevent weight gain even if there is no tumor. ...Read more

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Is there any treatment for cachexia for a patient on a feeding tube?

Is there any treatment for cachexia for a patient on a feeding tube?

None: Currently, there are no accepted drugs to treat cachexia.I would recommend strict medical compliance and lots of prayers.There are extensive investigations underway. ...Read more

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How can you tell if you have significant loss of skeletal muscle from cancer cachexia?

How can you tell if you have significant loss of skeletal muscle from cancer cachexia?

Cachexia: Simple inspection of limbs can reveal significant loss of muscle bulk in any illness. This would also be accompanied by a gaunt and sunken facial appearance. In other words, cachexia is quite obvious and not a subtle state of health. ...Read more

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What food will help in combating cachexia caused by lung cancer? what else should be done?

High caloric fluid: The cachexia associated with cancer is due to the elaboration of tumor necrosis factor, As such a high caloric liquid diet including Ensure should be employed. When patients are seen who are receiving radiation or chemo, it is advisable to increase the caloric intake with hyperalimentation where a pic line is inserted in the arm and the patient is given approximately 2L of fluid each evening. ...Read more

Cachexia (Definition)

Cancer cachexia is a syndrome of weight loss, muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness, and significant loss of appetite in someone who is not actively ...Read more


Dr. Milroy Samuel
5 doctors shared insights

Cardiac (Definition)

Cardiac translates literally to "heart, " and any place the term is seen, such ...Read more