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How often do doctors look at tumor necrosis factor in a patients blood when definitively diagnosing someone for cardiac cachexia?
Never heard of it: As a pathologist / lab specialist, let me reassure you. The diagnosis of cardiac cachexia is made on the most valuable of all tests -- the history and physical exam. Labs are useful when, and only when, they detect disease that you'd miss on h;p. Tumor necrosis factors were once called "cachexins" and may or may not have something to do with the curious wasting seen in cancer. ...Read more
Its the reverse: Cachexia is a sign of either nutritional deficiency or severe chronic underlying disease which releases inflammatory compounds that cause loss of muscle tissue and body mass. A large number of diseases do this, like cancer and advanced heart disease. This condition will lower the ability to fight infection and increase the risk of all infections including pneumonia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cancer and treatment: The greek words kakos="bad things", & hexus="state of being. Cancer cachexia is characterized by diminished nutrient intake and progressive tissue depletion, both of which lead to weight loss. Cytokine activation and tumor-derived cachexia-inducing substances are thought to be the causes.In some cases, cancer treatment may also contribute to loss of lean body mass in patients with advanced cancer. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Maybe: Cachexia is not a complete diagnosis, as the underlying cause may not have been identified. Furthermore, smoking marijuana is not a medical treatment, since dosage is not standardized or regulated. Marinol has been used to treat cachexia associated with difference medical conditions. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Treatment: The goal of controlling dyspnea in patients with severe COPD can help. Using multiple inhalers (both short and long acting), a pde inhibitor (new drug class), plus exercise seems to help the most. However, weight loss due to COPD is a sign of severe illness and end of life planning (if not already done) should be considered strongly. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
I would just like some advice for someone showing early signs of cancer related cachexia please. ?
Cachexia: occurs in many conditions and is common with many cancers. The general physical wasting and malnutrition usually associated with chronic disease. A new drug, anamorelin, improves appetite and body mass in patients with cancer. The drug is not available in the US and more research is needed. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hormonal: Severe and chronic heart failure can set into motion alterations of chemicals in the blood similar to other severe illnesses. Additional changes in appetite and psychological changes can affect diet as well as physical deconditioning. All of these factors can cumulatively lead to muscle wasting syndromes. Mild heart failure is usually not associated with these severe physiologic manifestations. ...Read more
It is difficult: Cachexia from any cancer is difficult to treat. Many reasons can lead to poor appetite, from apathy to lack of hunger or not even being able to taste foods well thus decreasing appetite. I'd recommend that you work with a dietician who is familiar with cancer patients. Protein calories seem to be quite important as well. I have not seen doctors use Megace (megestrol) an appetite stimulant in these cases. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Would the presence of cachexia in a patient who's completed chemo/rad, always suggest active cancer? Is it possible to have even when cancer is gone?
High caloric fluid: The cachexia associated with cancer is due to the elaboration of tumor necrosis factor, As such a high caloric liquid diet including Ensure should be employed. When patients are seen who are receiving radiation or chemo, it is advisable to increase the caloric intake with hyperalimentation where a pic line is inserted in the arm and the patient is given approximately 2L of fluid each evening. ...Read more
Does cachexia reduce muscle everywhere simultaneously or would 1 body part shrink&then another, etc? Losing shoulder mass despite weights&high protein
Universal: muscle loss and wasting with atrophy of muscular tissue is common. ...Read more
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