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Doctor insights on: Cardiac Arrest In Infants

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Does sudden cardiac arrest happen in children?

Does sudden cardiac arrest happen in children?

Very rarely: Primary cardiac arrest (not related to choking, drowning, etc) is exceedingly rare in children but can happen. Structural problems in the heart that are present at birth can predispose to lethal rhythm problems. This is one of the arguments made to place aeds (automatic external defibrillators) in schools and gymnasiums. ...Read more

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Dr. Creighton Wright
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Can albuterol cause cardiac arrest in children?

Can albuterol cause cardiac arrest in children?

No, but: If you overdose on any drug, you can get very ill or die. Even water, right? If albuterol is given in excess, it can become toxic. If a child (or adult) has such a bad asthma attack that they need to take constant or frequently repeating doses of albuterol, they should go to the er as uncontrolled asthma is a true emergency and there are other treatments available at the hospital. ...Read more

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How common is sudden cardiac arrest in school-age children?

Rare: 1 case in 1-200000 people is the risk in the population as a whole.Much less under middle school age. ...Read more

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How common is sudden cardiac arrest in adolescents?

How common is sudden cardiac arrest in adolescents?

It happens.: Blow to the chest, hypertrophy, lqts and marfan syndrome are all possible causes. ...Read more

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Can an electrocardiogram prevent sudden cardiac arrest in young teenagers/adults who die during marathons?

Can an electrocardiogram prevent sudden cardiac arrest in young teenagers/adults who die during marathons?

Screen test: ECG is used because it is relatively inexpensive. We have no good cost effective screening test. Cardiac arrest is rare when compared to the numbers of exercising population. Tests become more effective when a specific question within the effectiveness of the test are the reason for the test. ...Read more

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What causes sudden cardiac arrest in young people?

What causes sudden cardiac arrest in young people?

Cardiac arrest: A number of causes underlying cardiac disease like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, arrythmogenic right heart cardiomyopathy, could be sudden clot if has a familial disposition to hypercoagulability ( Leiden factor V, Protein S or C), Wolf Parkinson White rarely , Long QT syndrome ( if given the wrong meds) , other genetic variants as well as cocaine, amphentamines,alcohol poisoning and other drugs. ...Read more

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Is cardiac arrhythmia the usual cause sudden death in sports?

Is cardiac arrhythmia the usual cause sudden death in sports?

It can be: When sudden death in an athlete occurs because of a heart condition the cause can usually be divided into three main categories: an abnormally thick heart muscle with no obvious explanation (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy); abnormal coronary arteries (abnormal course through the heart or absence of one of them) and finally sudden abnormal heart rhythms. ...Read more

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Can paitents of heart sarcoidosis go into cardiac arrest?

Can paitents of heart sarcoidosis go into cardiac arrest?

Yes: Sarcoidosis of the heart can block the electrical system and cause both arrhythmias and heart block which can lead to cardiac arrest. This is a very serious condition and sometimes requires a pacemaker or even an implantable defibrillator. Cardiology consultation and management is highly desirable. ...Read more

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Can infants and children have a cardiac arrest?

Can infants and children have a cardiac arrest?

Yes: But usually for different etiologies (causes). Most children and infants will have a cardiac arrest if they do not get enough air (oxygen) and this will cause the heart rate to decrease to a point where the heart can stop (systole) or go into an abnormal rhythm. Also cardiac defects or anatomic abnormalities from birth can do this too. The best treatment is CPR and call 911. ...Read more

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Is ventricular fibrillation the cause of cardiac arrest?

One of them: It is the most common heart arrhythmia associated with cardiac arrest. It is not exact to call it the cause, since ventricular fibrillation itself has an underlying cause, most commonly coronary artery disease, but there are others. ...Read more

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Why is ventricular fibrillation the most common rhythm of cardiac arrest?

Why is ventricular fibrillation the most common rhythm of cardiac arrest?

Final pathway: Ventricular fibrillation is the final step before a heart stops beating. Any heart that has not gotten enough blood flow or oxygen for a prolonged period of time will begin fibrillating followed shortly by asystole (no beating at all). In a sense, ventricular fibrillation is the final step every heart likely goes through before it stops beating. ...Read more

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Can a cardiac arrest cause respiratory failure?

Can a cardiac arrest cause respiratory failure?

Yes...: Cardiac arrest means that the heart is no longer beating. When the heart stops, breathing also stops, called a respiratory arrest. However, a person can stop breathing even though their heart is still beating; the reverse cannot be true! ...Read more

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Cardiac arrest v.S.Respiratory failure, what's the difference?

Cardiac arrest v.S.Respiratory failure, what's the difference?

See below: This refers in general to what the primary underlying problem is. Cardiac arrest means that the main problem was the heart, whereas respiratory failure suggests that the main problem was the lungs. ...Read more

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Describe the conditions that most often cause cardiac arrest in children an infants?

Describe the conditions that most often cause cardiac arrest in children an infants?

Respiratory failure: Infants & children generally experience cardiac arrest after a period of declining respiratory function. In illnesses like asthma, progessive pneumonia, bronchiolitis etc., effective oxygen exchange begins to fail, the child works harder until they are exhausted and give out. At some point, the heart develops a rhythm disturmance & quits pumping.Drowning or trauma+ lung compromize will also do it. ...Read more

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Dr. Katharine Cox
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Dr. Andrew Berry
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