Doctor insights on:
Cancer Vs Virgo
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Yes: The vulva are the external lips at the opening of the vagina. Vaginal cancer would originate inside the vagina from the vaginal mucosal lining, whereas vulvar cancer would start outside of the vagina. Vulvar cancer could spread to the vagina, just as a vaginal cancer could spread outward to the vulva. With either, early detection and treatment gives the best outcome. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I had stage 1 grade 2 invasive lobular cancer. Had a bilateral mastectomy. Taking Anastrazole, but no chemo or radiation. Is this smart?
Stage I Breast Ca: Suppose you had ER/PR-pos and Her2-neg BC. Stage I BC defined as tumor size 0,5cm or N1mi, consider oncotype for recurrence score (RS). If RS is high (>31), chemo may benefit. ...Read more
What are the odds of having stage 2B invasive ductal carcinoma her2 positive breast cancer and papillary thyroid cancer at age 40?
Odds are low.: But it is still possible to have both. Risk of having papillary thyroid before forty is about 13/100,000. Risk of having breast Ca is about 11/100,000. The overlap of the two independent events is slightly less than 1 in a million. ...Read more
Risk for HPV: The risk for contracting hpv infection during oral sex is high if your partner is known to be hpv +. There is a strong relationship between hpv infection with increased risk of developing certain cancer including oropharyngeal cancer and cervical cancer over period of time. Thus, a safe sex habit, hpv vaccination, papsmear screening are recommended and f/u with your doctor. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What's the different between average risk for breast cancer to moderate risk for breast cancer? What's it mean 1.2-2.00 risk (for dense breast)?
Here below some guid: Breast cancer is common in the White race (caucasions) ....nearly 12%(1 in 8)of the women over a lifetime are effected by this disease. This is the average risk. So if you doctor says you have 2.0 times higher risk, your odds go up from 1 in 8 women to 1 in 4. That means you have to be more cautious in your check ups compared to others. Breast cancer is much less common among Asians. ...Read more
Do genital warts increase risk of anal cancer in heterosexual men? If so how much? Is anal cancer rare?
HPV: Genital warts which are caused by infections by the human papilloma virus are definitely a risk factor for anal cancer. There is often involvement of genitals and anus by that virus. Genital warts can be treated by a dermatologist with either topical medications or by surgical removal. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
I'm aware of the connection between sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Does HPV infection increase cancer risk in men, too?
The short answer is yes, but the specific risks are different for men: Most of the time, HPV infection doesn't cause any signs or symptoms in either sex, although some types of HPV cause genital warts. Typically, the immune system eliminates the virus without treatment within about two years. Until the virus is gone, you can spread it to your sex partners. But certain types of HPV, known as high-risk types, may cause persistent infection, which can gradually turn into cancer. Malignancies that can be caused by HPV include cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus and oropharynx — the back of the mouth and upper part of the throat. Men who have HIV — the virus that causes AIDS — and men who have sex with other men are at particular risk of anal, penile and throat cancers associated with persistent HPV infection. The rate of oropharyngeal cancers has been on the rise recently, especially in men. Men can prevent the types of HPV that cause most genital warts and anal cancer by receiving an HPV vaccine. These were originally approved as a cervical cancer vaccine for girls and young women, and they're now approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of anal, vulvar and vaginal cancers, too. The vaccines are recommended for males ages 9 to 26. The best time to get the vaccine is before sexual activity begins. Although these vaccines are not yet approved for preventing HPV-related penile and oropharyngeal cancer, recent studies suggest that these vaccines may be effective for preventing these cancers as well. You may also lower your risk of contracting HPV by using a condom every time you have sex. However, condom use isn't considered a substitute for HPV vaccination in those who are eligible for the vaccine. ...Read more
Is tamoxifen essential in invasive ductal carcinoma (HR+/ER+)?
Does additional chemotherapy is neccesary in stage 1 cancer?
Yes, depends: Yes, anti-estrogen therapy is essential for ER+/PR+ invasive ductal carcinoma. While tamoxifen is used in premenopausal women, femara (letrozole) or arimidex used in postmenopausal women. Some stage I breast cancers (ER+/PR+) do not require further chemotherapy, others do. The need for additional chemotherapy can be assessed by tumor size, recurrence score from a special molecular testing, and etc. ...Read more
Ovarian cyst(4-5cm)unilocular liquid with papillary component (2.8x1.4cm). 26yo, no family history of cancer. Waiting for markers. Odds of malignancy?
Can not calculate: We can not calculate the odds of malignancy with this information. Based on your age and the size a malignant ovarian tumor is not particularly likely even with a complex ovarian cyst with papillary components. It sounds like your doctor is testing to help rule out malignancy which is good. Keep your follow up with your doctor. ...Read more
Pathology: Inflammatory breast cancer is a form of invasive cancer. It is rare and very aggressive disease in which cancer cells block lymph vessels in the skin of the breast. This type of breast cancer is called “inflammatory” because the breast often looks swollen and red, or “inflamed.”. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Age 76, stg IV ovarian cancer, debulking surgery, 3 chemos. Ca 125 normal. Is lymphnode dissection advisable? Comment on quality vs quantity of life?
Quality of life: In end stage cancer quality of life is essential but patient 's decision is equally important. 76 yr old could be very healthy 76 , in stage IV some do respond well to chemo, will have quality & comfortable , remaining part of life , so choice should be left to the person. Also to follow the advice of doctors , if unsure to take a second opinion , treating md will be glad to refer. ...Read more
Is ductal carcinoma in situ really breast cancer? Can lifestyle, nutrition or supplements affect its course or occurrence?
Precancerous: Carcinoma in-situ is just one step short of cancer. There is no scientific evidence for or against life style changes altering the course of in-situ lesions. You may engage in life style changes that promote a healthy life style but should not omit conventional treatment. Steve jobs low grade cancer became fatal while he tried to treat it by alternative methods. See your doctor. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
29yo. Pat grndmthr diagnosis Breast [email protected] Ovarian [email protected] 34& took [email protected] odds? +Ive virtually zero chest, size <34A-change my odds?
Hereditary CA: With grandma having both cancers at a young age, and both ca being the ones linked to a gene you should talk to your doctor about testing and what you would do differently if positive. Also see if you can get more family history data. That would help a lot. Size of your breasts won't really matter. Gather info, calculate risks, and stay on top of screening. ...Read more
Tolerable: It can be rough on some people but generally tolerable. Depending on the drug regimen used, some can make the hair fallout temporarily, give some figure tip, and toe numbness, and make a person weak and immune compromised for a short while. But if your medical oncologist recommends it, it is because the benefits outweighs the risks of potential side effects. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It depends: As long as the surgery is done in a few weeks, it should be ok. What is the reason for the delay? If the delay is b/c the patient needs to undergo more testing, then it is better to complete the testing before undergoing surgery. ...Read more
What are statistical odds for cancer returning in a 63 yr old woman 20 yrs after treatment for stage 1 breast cancer (lumpectomy, chemo, & radiation)?
Low, but not zero.: First of all, congratulations on being a 20-yr survivor! it is impossible to give you a number or even a range without knowing more specifics about your cancer, however, the fact that it hasn't returned in 20 years certainly puts you in favorable statistical category. I suggest that you meet with your medical oncologist to discuss this, as well as any measures you can take to prevent a recurrence. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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