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Doctor insights on: Can You Tell Me What Is Spondylolisthesis And Its Management

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Can you tell me what is spondylolisthesis and its management?

Can you tell me what is spondylolisthesis and its management?

Slippage: One bone slips forward on top of the one underneath it. Sometimes it is silent (no symptoms) so no treatment is necessary. Many people with it have pain that responds to exercise, physical therapy and mild medication. A few are severe enough for surgery. ...Read more

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Dr. Michael Bolesta
319 doctors shared insights

Spondylolisthesis (Definition)

is the subluxation or slippage of one vertebral body over another, usually with the more superior body slipping forward relative to the body below. This can be due to to etiologies such as ligamentous laxity or an abnormality of the bone(spondylolysis). If mild, it may be asymptomatic. If severe or unstable, it could cause kinking/compression of the spinal cord ...Read more


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Can you tell me how dangerous is a slip disc and what are the symptoms?

Can you tell me how dangerous is a slip disc and what are the symptoms?

Not Dangerous: Hurts a lot, however if you have weakness or bowel/bladder incontinence than it can be an emergency that may need to be evaluated for surgery. This suggests that the disc is significant compressing nerves in the spinal canal reducing their function. Generally though, a majority of slipped discs or herniations are mostly painful and resolve over time and do not cause long term effects. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is the best medicine for swelling and pain?

Can you tell me what is the best medicine for swelling and pain?

Hi There!: It depends mostly on the cause of the swelling and pain and where these findings are located. You need to se a doctor about this. Meanwhile, a general rule of thumb is elevating the part that's swollen, avoiding any clothing that may be cutting off circulation and taking OTC pain relievers as instructed on the bottle. Dr. Anne ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is the best treatment for sciatica?

Can you tell me what is the best treatment for sciatica?

Spine Pain Options: This chronic pain in the distribution as you suggested is the result of an irritated nerve or facet joints or other injury typically in the lumbar spine (low back) which are caused by herniated disks, spinal stenosis or degenerative disc disease, etc requiring further evaluation by a spine specialist and may be candidate for facet injections/radiofrequency ablation and epidural steroid injection. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is omphalitis and what is its pathophysiology?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is omphalitis and what is its pathophysiology?

Cord infection: THis is when the umbilical cord of a baby gets infected. The infection can spread along the connections under the umbilical cord. There are two arteries and a vein. The vein can carry the bacteria up the vein and potentially cause long term problems. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is lichen planus and what is its treatment?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is lichen planus and what is its treatment?

Lichen Planus: See: http://www.Aad.Org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/i---l/lichen-planus/diagnosis-treatment if you suspect having this, have a consult with a dermatologist. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is osteophytosis and facet disease?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is osteophytosis and facet disease?

Facet Arthropathy: Could be facet arthropathy/arthritis. There are joints in the spine where the bones articulate and can develop bone spurs and cause the clicking with pain typically with extension. I would consider seeing a pain/spine specialist to see if facet injections or radio frequency ablation would be helpful for you. ...Read more

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Tell me what is pmdd and how can it be cured?

Tell me what is pmdd and how can it be cured?

Remission: At this point there is no cure for pmdd. However, the symptoms can be put in remission by adjusting your life and working with your physician to find the proper medications. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is lock jaw and what are symptoms?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is lock jaw and what are symptoms?

Tetanus: True "lock jaw" is trismus, a pathological condition in which the mouth is held shut by sustained spasm of the masseter (jaw) muscle, often observed in cases of tetanus you may also be referring to "closed lock" a TMJ condition where the TMJ disc is locked out of position. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is laminectomy and myelotomy?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is laminectomy and myelotomy?

Laminectomy: A laminectomy is a surgery where the back side of the boney spine is removed to access the spinal cord or discs. A myelotomy is a surgical incision into the spinal cord to open a cyst (syrinx) or remove a tumor or blood clot. ...Read more

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Can you please tell me what exactly is COPD the disease and how is it different to asthma?

Can you please tell me what exactly is COPD the disease and how is it different to asthma?

"obstruction": Both COPD and asthma are "obstructive" diseases - meaning that they make it hard to move air in and out of the lungs. COPD patients can have chronic bronchitis which is inflammation in the airways and/or emphysema which is disruption of the lung tissue due to smoking. COPD is almost always related to smoking. Asthma results from chronic airway inflammation - may be genetic or allergic. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is involved in "protein injections" to the knee, and is it painful?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is involved in "protein injections" to the knee, and is it painful?

See details: These injections often provide several months of significant pain relief in cases of moderate osteoarthritis of the knee. There is little risk of side effects and any discomfort is mild and related to the needle puncture. They usually will not work for advanced arthritis and may be no more effective than nsaids such as naproxen. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how exactly is autism classified, and what are its symptoms?

Can you tell me how exactly is autism classified, and what are its symptoms?

Autism: "several symptoms can be seen by 18 months of age, such as poor eye contact, trouble with pretend play and imitation, delayed communication skills and problems with "joint attention." joint attention occurs when a child points or otherwise tries to get someone to look at the same thing he is observing. Children with autism often don't point or show joint attention. www.autismweb.com. More info is at the site.It is now classified among the autism spectrum disorders. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is gout and what are the remedies for it?

Can you tell me what is gout and what are the remedies for it?

See below: It is a form of arthritis due to the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint. There are many gout diets to help heal this. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is surgical treatment for low back pain?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is surgical treatment for low back pain?

MANY OPTIONS: Too many to discuss truly. I would suggest seeing a spine surgeon to discuss your options. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what is the best acne set?

Can you tell me what is the best acne set?

Healthtap Doctors: are asked not to endorse specific brands or product lines. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is lichen planus and how is caused and what treatment is best for it?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is lichen planus and how is caused and what treatment is best for it?

Lichen Planus: Lichen planus will wax and wane. It is a chronic rash of unknown cause with no cure, may be itchy and poorly understood by medicine. It can be managed with medication both topical and oral. It may resolve on its own. Wish i could help more; see your dermatologist to manage this disease. ...Read more

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Hi doctors, can you tell me what is ozone therapy, how does it work on all the ailments?

Hi doctors, can you tell me what is ozone therapy, how does it work on all the ailments?

Ozone: Ozone works on 3 basic levels. At higher concentrations it kills all types of bacteria, fungus, and virus. It even oxodizes the shells of these pathogens reducing damage by their left over dead pieces. At lower concentrations ozone promotes healing by enhancing immune function and increasing oxygen release in the area. If you kill the bugs and get oxygen to the area often people will heal. ...Read more