Doctor insights on:
Can You Tell Me About The Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Pathology
It's complicated: Let's start with primary hyperparathyroidism, which is high PTH hormone levels due to a problem with the gland itself, for example from a tumor, an adenoma. Secondary hyperpth is when PTH levels go up because of a problem outside the gland, such as low calcium or low vitamin d levels. Think of it as working overtime to accomplish its function, to raise calcium levels, when it's not happening. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Hi..i need help..will you please tell me or explain to me the pathophysiology of pleomorphic adenoma? Thanks
Little to it: The anatomic pathology of pleomorphic adenoma is amazingly complex, and we are learning a bit about its molecular biology. The lesions are benign but locally destructive, especially endangering the facial nerve if in the parotid. Wide excision is required as the lesion sends out projections. Around 1% is the site of origin for a real cancer. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Cytokine: Tumor necrosis factor was a cytokine first isolated from macrophages and CD4 cells in response to understanding how Coley's toxin worked. It was felt to be the factor that induced destruction of malignancies but when sequenced proved to be the same molecule as cachexin, a chemical produced by tumor like pancreatic cancer that induced cachexia in patients. ...Read more
Not usually related: OPs are neuro toxins that block acetylcholineesterase which causes acetylcholine to overstimulate distal receptors. This leads to increased salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, emesis and meiosis. OPs have little to no direct effect on the production or destruction of red blood cells so they are not directly responsible for causing anemia. ...Read more
Multiple: Hi. The term "secondary amenorrhea" generally excludes the trivial causes of pregnancy and menopause. Ergo, assuming it's unexplained, there are genetic causes for premature ovarian failure (e.g., Fragile X Syndrome), gonadal toxicity (e.g., chemotherapy), and hormonal (usually androgens of adrenal or ovarian source). At age 47 (your stated age), I would have to say menopause is most likely. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Autoimmune disorder: Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder. That means that your body gets confused, and the process that normally kills disease causing organisms like bacteria and viruses (your immune system) attacks the cells in your body that produce the color in your skin (called melanocytes). When those cells die, you get patches of skin that are white. The disorder is likely at least partially genetic. ...Read more
Very variable: Most lesions are a few millimeters in size, but some may get quite large, and seem like small cotton balls. The size is not important, rather the extent and total number results in burden of disease, and, of course symptoms. Most important is presence of active inflammation and brain atrophy, a predictor of eventual disability. Control with potent meds, such as one of the newer oral agents. ...Read more
What type?: Need to know what type of cancer, result of post ablation iodine scan and levels of thyroid tumor marker, your gender.Typical papillary and follicular cancers stage 4 will have a much better prognosis than hurthle cell, anaplastic, tall cell papillary, insular cell follicular cancers, etc. ...Read more
Can you tell me how tall can you be without any health risks or problems like the tumor in the pituitary gland. what effects height?
Six foot seven: Over the milenia the height of the population is increasing. This growth pattern is defined by Growth Hormone produced by the pituitary gland. During previous wars, the taller persons were usually involved in fighting and the smaller men left at home. Now many men are reaching above 6.5 feet without any signs of functional compromise. We can anticipate eventual heights reaching 7 feet. ...Read more
What do you suggest if my mother has been diagnosed with adinocarcinoma. can you please explain me the meaning of mico findings:?
Its a type of Cancer: You need to find out which organ is the starting point(Primary)/source of her Cancer. Secondly you need to find out what Stage of cancer she has(there are four stages of Cancer based on extent of tumor in one or more sites in the body). Once you find the answers to the above 2 questions, we can guide you towards the best option of treatment as well as address any other rquestions that you may hav ...Read more
Can anemia be secondary to dm2. I wasn't told what kind of anemia and would like to ask how to rule what type i am.
Hyperparathyroid: Hyperparathyroidism is a situation when your blood calcium is higher than normal because of excess production of parathyroid hormone. The higher the parathyroid hormone and serum calcium the more symptoms you will including neurologic symptoms. Almost always the treatment of choice is removal of the parathyroid gland. There may as few as one abnormal gland or as many as all four glands. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Hi Dr, could you please explain the difference between the swollen glands that related to HIV symptom and other illness , how can we distinguish them?
???: Your question makes little sense. Please restate it. ...Read more
- Talk to a doctor live online for free
- Can you tell me about microphalmia?
- Can you tell me about supracervical hysterectomies?
- What can you tell me about accutane?
- Ask a doctor a question free online
- What can you tell me about no flush niacin?
- What can you tell me about placenta previa?
- Can you tell me about tests for cataracts and glaucoma?
- Can you tell me more about dr rachel ellis?
- Talk to a endocrinologist online for free