Top
20
Doctor insights on: Can You Tell Me About The Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Pathology

Share
1

1
Can you tell me about the secondary hyperparathyroidism pathology?

Can you tell me about the secondary hyperparathyroidism pathology?

It's complicated: Let's start with primary hyperparathyroidism, which is high PTH hormone levels due to a problem with the gland itself, for example from a tumor, an adenoma. Secondary hyperpth is when PTH levels go up because of a problem outside the gland, such as low calcium or low vitamin d levels. Think of it as working overtime to accomplish its function, to raise calcium levels, when it's not happening. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
Dr. Amy Deeken
363 doctors shared insights

Pathology (Definition)

Pathology is essentially the study of disease. Specialist trained to help diagnose disease (laboratory medicine) are known as pathologists. Pathologist have completed medical school and completed a ...Read more


2

2
Hi..i need help..will you please tell me or explain to me the pathophysiology of pleomorphic adenoma? Thanks

Hi..i need help..will you please tell me or explain to me the pathophysiology of pleomorphic adenoma? Thanks

Little to it: The anatomic pathology of pleomorphic adenoma is amazingly complex, and we are learning a bit about its molecular biology. The lesions are benign but locally destructive, especially endangering the facial nerve if in the parotid. Wide excision is required as the lesion sends out projections. Around 1% is the site of origin for a real cancer. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
3

3
What can you tell me about the tumor necrosis factor?

What can you tell me about the tumor necrosis factor?

Cytokine: Tumor necrosis factor was a cytokine first isolated from macrophages and CD4 cells in response to understanding how Coley's toxin worked. It was felt to be the factor that induced destruction of malignancies but when sequenced proved to be the same molecule as cachexin, a chemical produced by tumor like pancreatic cancer that induced cachexia in patients. ...Read more

4

4
Can you tell me about anemia secondary to organophosphate?

Can you tell me about anemia secondary to organophosphate?

Not usually related: OPs are neuro toxins that block acetylcholineesterase which causes acetylcholine to overstimulate distal receptors. This leads to increased salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, emesis and meiosis. OPs have little to no direct effect on the production or destruction of red blood cells so they are not directly responsible for causing anemia. ...Read more

5

5
Can you tell me about secondary amenorrhea?

Can you tell me about secondary amenorrhea?

Multiple: Hi. The term "secondary amenorrhea" generally excludes the trivial causes of pregnancy and menopause. Ergo, assuming it's unexplained, there are genetic causes for premature ovarian failure (e.g., Fragile X Syndrome), gonadal toxicity (e.g., chemotherapy), and hormonal (usually androgens of adrenal or ovarian source). At age 47 (your stated age), I would have to say menopause is most likely. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
7

7
Can you tell me about the cause of vitiligo?

Can you tell me about the cause of vitiligo?

Autoimmune disorder: Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder. That means that your body gets confused, and the process that normally kills disease causing organisms like bacteria and viruses (your immune system) attacks the cells in your body that produce the color in your skin (called melanocytes). When those cells die, you get patches of skin that are white. The disorder is likely at least partially genetic. ...Read more

8

8
Can you please tell me the mean size of a brain lesion, from ms?

Can you please tell me the mean size of a brain lesion, from ms?

Very variable: Most lesions are a few millimeters in size, but some may get quite large, and seem like small cotton balls. The size is not important, rather the extent and total number results in burden of disease, and, of course symptoms. Most important is presence of active inflammation and brain atrophy, a predictor of eventual disability. Control with potent meds, such as one of the newer oral agents. ...Read more

9

9
Can you please tell me the mean time someone lives with stage 4c thyroid cancer?

Can you please tell me the mean time someone lives with stage 4c thyroid cancer?

What type?: Need to know what type of cancer, result of post ablation iodine scan and levels of thyroid tumor marker, your gender.Typical papillary and follicular cancers stage 4 will have a much better prognosis than hurthle cell, anaplastic, tall cell papillary, insular cell follicular cancers, etc. ...Read more

10

10
Can you tell me how tall can you be without any health risks or problems like the tumor in the pituitary gland. what effects height?

Can you tell me how tall can you be without any health risks or problems like the tumor in the pituitary gland. what effects height?

Six foot seven: Over the milenia the height of the population is increasing. This growth pattern is defined by Growth Hormone produced by the pituitary gland. During previous wars, the taller persons were usually involved in fighting and the smaller men left at home. Now many men are reaching above 6.5 feet without any signs of functional compromise. We can anticipate eventual heights reaching 7 feet. ...Read more

11

11
What do you suggest if my mother has been diagnosed with adinocarcinoma. can you please explain me the meaning of mico findings:?

What do you suggest if my mother has been diagnosed with adinocarcinoma. can you please explain me the meaning of mico findings:?

Its a type of Cancer: You need to find out which organ is the starting point(Primary)/source of her Cancer. Secondly you need to find out what Stage of cancer she has(there are four stages of Cancer based on extent of tumor in one or more sites in the body). Once you find the answers to the above 2 questions, we can guide you towards the best option of treatment as well as address any other rquestions that you may hav ...Read more

12

12
Can you please tell me about the abilities of what a cat scan can tell the doctor?

Can you please tell me about the abilities of what a cat scan can tell the doctor?

Hard tissue: Ct scans are a form of x-rays. They are most appropriate to identify hard tissue structures like bone, teeth, other calcifications. Mri's are images (not x-rays) & better suited for evaluation of soft tissues, like organs, etc. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
13

13
Can anemia be secondary to dm2. I wasn't told what kind of anemia and would like to ask how to rule what type i am.

Can anemia be secondary to dm2. I wasn't told what kind of anemia and would like to ask how to rule what type i am.

Yes: Chronic diseases and diabetes can cuse anemia. You need to have work up to rule out other cuase for anemia. Also renal function needs to be checked. See a hematologist. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
14

14
Could you explain best's disease of the eyes or tell me where to find the info?

Could you explain best's disease of the eyes or tell me where to find the info?

Best Disease: is an inherited disorder affecting the central retina. It causes mild to moderate loss of vision. There is no known effective treatment. Google it to learn more. ...Read more

15

15
Could you tell me about the disease retinoblastoma?

Could you tell me about the disease retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma: A retinoblastoma is a tumor in the back of the eye. Although it is very rare, newborns are screened for it at birth, and at subsequent well child checks by using an ophthalmoscope to detect any asymmetry in the light reflex off of the retina. ...Read more

16

16
Can you tell me about neurological symptoms. could it be hyperparathyroidism?

Can you tell me about neurological symptoms. could it be hyperparathyroidism?

Hyperparathyroid: Hyperparathyroidism is a situation when your blood calcium is higher than normal because of excess production of parathyroid hormone. The higher the parathyroid hormone and serum calcium the more symptoms you will including neurologic symptoms. Almost always the treatment of choice is removal of the parathyroid gland. There may as few as one abnormal gland or as many as all four glands. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
17

17
Need doctor's help! what can you tell me about the cancer children get called rhabdomyosarcoma?

Need doctor's help! what can you tell me about the cancer children get called rhabdomyosarcoma?

NCI: A good source of information for parents who have children with cancer, such as rhabdomyosarcoma (rms), is the national cancer institute (nci). For rms, see: http://www.Cancer.Gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/childrhabdomyosarcoma/patient/page1/allpages. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
18

18
Hi Dr, could you please explain the difference between the swollen glands that related to HIV symptom and other illness , how can we distinguish them?

Hi Dr, could you please explain the difference between the swollen glands that related to HIV symptom and other illness , how can we distinguish them?

Probably: not. Some minor illness will have small lymph nodes. Hiv associated lymph nodes are usually greater than 2 cm. However they are non specfic and can occur in other infections and in cancer, Hence HIV test or see a doctor if primary infection is suspected ...Read more

20

20
Can you tell me about connection to cancer and tumors.?

Can you tell me about connection to cancer and tumors.?

A tumor : ..Is just another word for a lump. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Malignant tumors are also called cancer. By the way, certain benign tumors have the potential to become malignant but not all. ...Read more

Dr. Brendan Stack Jr.
399 doctors shared insights

Hyperparathyroidism (Definition)

A condition of having an overactive parathyroid gland, which results in higher levels of calcium in the blood, which may cause weakness, ...Read more