Doctor insights on:
Can You Reverse Kernicterus
Term definitions: Kernicterus is a term uses to describe the effect that occurs when bilirubin rises to toxic levels in a baby and injures brain cells.It goes through several phases leading to a variety of permanent defects. These can include a movement disorder,deafness,visual problems and others. Recognition and treatment of high bilirubin levels can prevent this if done quickly. ...Read more
Kernicterus tests: Kernicterus is a devastating chronic disabling condition characterized by the clinical tetrad of choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, central neural hearing loss, palsy of the vertical gaze, and tooth enamel hypoplasia as the result of bilirubin-induced cell toxicity. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Prevention: Kernicterus occurs as a result of newborn jaundice of a severely high level that is untreated. I have not seen nor heard of a case in my entire career. Newborn jaundice is common and is easily treated with sun, phototherapy, or in severe cases exchange transfusion. (have not seen that in 20+ years). The best treatment is prevention. ...Read more
NOT ABSOLUTELY: Necessary , but to monitor severity and response to treatment it is. ...Read more
Mostly not: Most of chidren who survived kernicterus-severe bilirubin toxicity-develop sensorineural hearing loss and athetoid type cerebral palsy which adversely affects coordination of fine movements. Neuronal damage in cerebral cortex often associated in kernicterus results in hampering of higher cognitive function. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Kernicterus causes spasticity? Why is it sis basal ganglia considered in pyramidal tract? Why not causing rigidity instead like parkinsons?
Spasticity: Basal ganglia and substantia nigra are different structures. Injuring the basal ganglia, such as by stroke, may cause spasticity. Injuring the substantia nigra may cause parkinsons symptoms, such as tremor and rigidity. Rigidity and spasticity are not the same, as you recognize. These two different structures of the brain modulate movement differently, that is why the symptoms are different. ...Read more
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